People's Party of Kazakhstan

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People's Party of Kazakhstan
Қазақстан Халық Партиясы
Qazaqstan Halyq Partiasy
ChairmanErmūhamet Ertısbaev
Deputy chairmen
Parliamentary chairMagherram Magherramov [ru]
FoundersVladislav Kosarev
Töleş Kenjïn [ru]
Alexander Kholodkov
Founded13 April 2004; 19 years ago (2004-04-13) (as the Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan)
Registered21 June 2004; 19 years ago (2004-06-21)
Split fromCommunist Party of Kazakhstan
HeadquartersProspekt Kabanbay-Batyr, Astana
Membership (2008)56,292
IdeologySocial democracy
Until 2020:
Political positionCentre-left
Until 2020:
National affiliationPeople's Coalition
5 / 98
7 / 489
79 / 2,757

The People's Party of Kazakhstan (Kazakh abbr.: QHP)[n 1] is a social democratic political party in Kazakhstan, chaired by Ermūhamet Ertısbaev. The secretaries of the central committee are Turgyn Syzdyqov, Gauhar Nugmanova, Viktor Smirnov and Jambyl Ahmetbekov.[1]

The party was founded as the Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan (QKHP)[n 2] on 13 April 2004. It was registered on 21 June 2004; the party had 90,000 members at the time of registration. Following the 2004 elections to the Mazhilis the party received 1.98% of total votes. In the 2007 elections to the Mazhilis the party won 1.29% of the votes and did not pass the electoral threshold. The QKHP was elected to parliament in the 2012 legislative election.[2]

The party is loyal to incumbent president Kassym-Jomart Tokayev and is a part of the pro-Tokayev People's Coalition.[3]


Original logo of the party

The party emerged due to a split in the Communist Party of Kazakhstan (QKP). The idea to create a new party belongs to the 12 members of the Central Committee of Communist Party of Kazakhstan, who withdrew its membership because of the disagreements with the First Secretary of the QKP's Central Committee Serikbolsyn Abdildin.[4] The reason for the split with the QKP was the election of a Secretary and a member of Mazhilis Tolen Tokhtassynov.[5] About 15,000 members left QKP for QKHP. The founding congress QKHP took place in April 2004, on 21 June 2004 the party was registered with the Ministry of Justice of Kazakhstan.[4]

Following the elections to Mazhilis in 2004, the party received 1.98% of total voters (proportional system) and did not pass into Parliament.[4]

In the 2005 presidential elections, QKHP nominated Erasyl Abilqasymov as its candidate who received 0.34% of the votes.[6]

On 28 March 2007 the QKHP and the QPK held a joint press conference at which they announced an impending merger. QKHP subsequently abandoned the association with the QPK because of the sharp political differences.[4] At a press conference in June 2007, the First Secretary of QKHP Vladislav Kosarev named the fact that the Communist Party of Kazakhstan was considering associations with QKHP only at the highest level (Bureaus of Central Committee) as the main reason for refusing to merge, at the same time according to him consideration for such merger was not provided at local level. Kosarev said also that structures of QKP had been completely destroyed and the authority of the party among the people has been reduced to zero-level.[7]

In elections to Mazhilis in 2007, the party won 1.29% of total votes and did not pass the electoral threshold to Parliament.[8] In the 2012 election, the party won 7.19% of vote and 7 seats to become one of three parties to enter Parliament. Despite being officially in opposition, the party is considered as loyal to the regime and often votes with the government.

The 15th Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan Extraordinary Congress was held on 11 November 2020 in the capital Nur-Sultan. Delegates to the congress voted to rename the party the "People's Party of Kazakhstan" (QHP). Several changes were also made to the charters and programs of the party.[9]

The Extraordinary Congress held a quorum of 33 delegates from the party. Every delegate voted in favour of the name change except Honorary Secretary Vladislav Kosarev.[1] The party's parliamentary leader Aiqyn Qongyrov was unanimously chosen to be Chairman of the QHP, succeeding Kosarev who served as the QKHP's de facto leader since June 2013, while Jambyl Ahmetbekov, Turgyn Syzdyqov, Viktor Smirnov, and Gauhar Nugmanova were chosen to be Secretaries of the QHP.[1]

In October 2022, the QHP joined the People's Coalition, in support of President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, ceasing to be even nominally part of the opposition.[3]


Originally a Marxist–Leninist party, the QHP previously described itself as socialist and leftist.[10] It now favours what it calls "people's capitalism".[11]


Secretary of the Central Committee Zhambyl Akhmetbekov

Membership for citizens of Kazakhstan aged from 18 in the QHP is voluntary, individual, fixed, confirmed with the party's ID.[12]

The organizational structure of the QHP is based on the territorial principle. Organizational fundamentals of the party are primary party organizations that are created by three or more party members with decision of meeting which has to be approved by a regional or municipal party's committee. Branches and representations of the party represent party's policy to population, cooperate with state executive and representative bodies, political and social groups, have their own seal and letterhead.[12]

As of July 2010, QHP has 1,868 primary party organizations, 178 district committees, 33 city committees and 14 regional committees as well as 2 city committees in the cities of national importance (Nur-Sultan and Almaty).

The supreme body of QHP is the Congress convened by the Central Committee at least once in four years. The party's Central Committee organizes and coordinates the entire party's work. Central Committee's meetings (plenary sessions) shall be held at least once in six months.[12]

Supervisory bodies of the party are the Central control-revision commission elected by the Congress of QHP, as well as regional, urban and regional control-revision commissions created in branches and offices of the party at party's conferences in conjunction with their governing bodies, control-revision commissions of primary party organizations elected at general meetings. The control-revision commission is accountable to highest authorities (party's Congress, conferences, branches and representative collections of primary organizations).[12]

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
2005 Erasyl Abilqasymov 23,252 0.34% Lost Red XN
2011 Jambyl Ahmetbekov 111,924 1.36% Lost Red XN
2015 Turgyn Syzdyqov 145,756 1.61% Lost Red XN
2019 Jambyl Ahmetbekov 167,649 1.82% Lost Red XN

Mazhilis elections[edit]

Election Votes % Seats +/– Position Result
2004 3.4%
0 / 77
New Increase 6th Extra-parliamentary
2007 76,799 1.3%
0 / 98
Steady Steady 6th Extra-parliamentary
2012 498,788 7.19%
7 / 98
Increase 7 Increase 3rd Opposition
2016 537,123 7.14%
7 / 98
Steady Steady 3rd Opposition
2021 659,019 9.10%
10 / 98
Increase 3 Steady 3rd Opposition
2023 432,920 6.80%
5 / 98
Decrease 5 Decrease 5th Opposition


  1. ^
    • Kazakh: Қазақстанның Халықтық Партиясы, romanized: Qazaqstannyñ Halyqtyq Partiasy, QHP
    • Russian: Народная партия Казахстана, romanizedNarodnaya partiya Kazakhstana, NPK
  2. ^
    • Kazakh: Қазақстан Коммунистік Халық Партиясы, romanized: Qazaqstan Kommunistık Halyq Partiasy, QKHP
    • Russian: Коммунистическая Народная партия Казахстана, romanizedKommunisticheskaya Narodnaya partiya Kazakhstana, KNPK


  1. ^ a b c INFORM.KZ (11 November 2020). "New Chairman of People's Party of Kazakhstan elected". Retrieved 15 November 2020.
  2. ^ "Two more Kazakh parties wins parliamentary seats". British Broadcasting Corporation. BBC Online. 16 January 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Халықтық коалиция – бұл ынтымақтастықтың жарқын үлгісі". Turkystan (in Kazakh). 7 October 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d Коммунистическая Народная партия Казахстана (КНПК) (in Russian). Евразийский дом. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  5. ^ КНПК и КПРФ налаживают тесные связи (in Russian). Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  6. ^ Выборы Президента Республики Казахстан (in Russian). Центральная избирательная комиссия Казахстана. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  7. ^ Kazakhstan Today. КНПК не будет объединяться с КПК (in Russian). Archived from the original on 15 March 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  8. ^ Политические партии (in Russian). Центральная избирательная комиссия Казахстана. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  9. ^ Абдуллаева, Диана (11 November 2020). "Переименование партии и избрание председателя. Как прошёл предвыборный съезд КНПК". Retrieved 15 November 2020.
  10. ^ "О партии". Народная партия Казахстана (НПК) (in Russian). Retrieved 6 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Program of the People's Party of Kazakhstan" (PDF) (in Kazakh).
  12. ^ a b c d Устав Коммунистической Народной партии Казахстана (in Russian). КНПК. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2010.

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