People's Party of Arunachal

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People's Party of Arunachal
PresidentKahfa Bengia
FounderBakin Pertin
Founded10 April 1977 (47 years ago) (1977-04-10)
HeadquartersMowb-II, Near AG office Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh
ECI StatusState Party[1]
AllianceFederal Front(2018)
National Democratic Alliance(2016–2018)
Seats in Lok Sabha0
Seats in Rajya Sabha
0 / 245
Seats in Arunachal Pradesh
0 / 60
Election symbol
People's Party of Arunachal

Peoples Party of Arunachal is a regional political party in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. It was founded in September 1977 by Bakin Pertin, Oken Lego and L. Wanglat as president, Vice President and General Secretary of the party. Tomo Riba resigned from PK Thungon government Congress Party and joined PPA as Vice President of the Party. Currently, Kamen Ringu is the chairman of the party. They were in power in Arunachal until all of their MLAs defected back to Indian National Congress.

On 16 September 2016, 43 MLAs from the ruling party, under the CM Pema Khandu, left Indian National Congress to join People's Party of Arunachal party, in alliance with Bharatiya Janata Party.


Following the election of Pertin as Member of Parliament, a meeting was organized in Pasighat in April 1977. In this meeting, the PPA constitution was drafted under the Chairmanship of L.Wanglat who joined Bakin Pertin & Oken Lego. He was Congress General Secretary of Tirap District and also Pradesh Organiser of Seva Dal in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. The People Party of Arunachal for formed.[2][3] Pertin became the president of the new party.[4] Whilst being the leader of PPA, Pertin was continued to be linked to the Janata Party then in government in Delhi.[5] Pertin had the status of being an 'associated' member of the Janata Party. He later broke his links with the Janata Party after Congress Party led by CM P.K Thungon merged en-blocked with the Janata Party. Bakin Partin joined INC as an associate member in Parliament while still keeping PPA in Arunachal Pradesh. He was close to Indira Gandhi. Bakin Partin was the first MP to demand the dissolution of the House and called for fresh election [6][7]

In 1979, PPA MLA and former Congress Minister Tomo Riba became the first PPA Chief Minister. It was a short-lived government spanning from September 1979 to November 1979 with a total of 47 days. A general election was announced in 1980, Arunachal Pradesh State election was included with the general election to elect the Union Territory MLAs. PPA of Tomo Riba and INC of PK Thungon won 13 each in a house of 30 seats. The rest 6 seats were PPA supported independent members. With Indira Gandhi coming back to Power PPA the first associate of INC became the first victim with its President Bakin Partin losing his MP seat from 2 East MP Constituency with most of its members and independent joining INC Party in Arunachal Pradesh. After this party had little success in Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly.

In 1996, Tomo Riba left the party and joined Gegong Apang camp. Both the leaders had months of deliberation before Tomo Riba and Gegong Apang patched up their political differences. Tomo Riba contested the West Parliamentary election as independent candidate 1996 and became member of the 11th Lok Sabha with the support of Gegong Apang although Apang was Congress Chief Minister in the state of Arunachal Pradesh.

Currently, it is a part of North-East Regional Political Front consisting of political parties of the northeast which has supported the National Democratic Alliance (India).

In December 2015, 30 dissident Indian National Congress MLAs including chief minister, Kalikho Pul joined Peoples Party of Arunachal and formed the government along with Bharatiya Janata Party.[8]

In May 2016, after the Bharatiya Janata Party led National Democratic Alliance formed its first government in Assam, a new alliance called the North-East Democratic Alliance (NEDA) was formed with Himanta Biswa Sarma as its convener. The Chief Ministers of the north eastern states of Sikkim, Assam and Nagaland too belong to this alliance. Thus, the People's Party of Arunachal joined the BJP led NEDA.[9]

All of the 30 MLAs returned to Indian National Congress on 16 July 2016 and Pema Khandu was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh.

On 16 September 2016, 43 MLAs from the ruling party, under the CM Pema Khandu, left Indian National Congress to join People's Party of Arunachal party, in alliance with Bharatiya Janata Party. Though Pema Khandu is still the Chief minister, it is soon expected that either a coalition government will be formed with BJP as the speaker of assembly has also changed sides with the CM, or that the Indian Government will dissolve the state assembly for a fresh general elections.[10]

In October 2016, Pema Khandu, Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh formally joined hands with Bharatiya Janata Party, making Arunachal Pradesh 14th state to have BJP in Power,[11] and with this new coalition, Tamiyo Taga sworn in as Cabinet minister of Arunachal Pradesh.[11]

On December 21, 2016, Pema Khandu was suspended from the party by the party president Kahfa Bengia and Takam Pario was named as the next likely Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh replacing Khandu after People's Party of Arunachal suspended Khandu along with 6 other MLAs.[12][13][14]

On December, 2016, Pema Khandu proved majority on the floor with 33 of the People's Party of Arunachal's 43 legislators joining the Bharatiya Janata Party as the BJP party increased its strength to 45 and it has the support of two independents. He became second Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh of Bharatiya Janata Party in Arunachal Pradesh after 44 days lead Gegong Apang government in 2003.[15][16]

Electoral history[edit]

Elections MLA Contested
1978 8 21
1980 13 28
1984 4 13
1990 0 0
1995 0 0
1999 0 0
2004 0 0
2009 4 10
2014 [17] 5 16
2019 [18] 1 9

List of chief ministers[edit]

  • Tomo Riba
    • First term (18 September 1979 – 3 November 1979).
  • Kalikho Pul
    • First term (19 February 2016 – 13 July 2016).
  • Pema Khandu
    • First term (16 September 2016 – 31 December 2016).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification 1349 Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  2. ^ Modi, Milorai. The Millangs. Itanagar: Himalayan Publishers, 2007. p. 90
  3. ^ Begi, Joram. Education in Arunachal Pradesh Since 1947: Constraints, Opportunities, Initiatives and Needs. New Delhi: Mittal Publ, 2007. p. 17
  4. ^ Johsi, H. G. Arunachal Pradesh: Past and Present. New Delhi, India: Mittal Publications, 2005. p. 126
  5. ^ Shiv Lal. Elections Under the Janata Rule. New Delhi: Election Archives, 1978. p. 21
  6. ^ Organiser, Vol. 30. Bharat Prakashan., 1978. p. 33
  7. ^ Gurmit Singh. Failures of Akali Leadership. Sirsa, Haryana: Usha Institute of Religious Studies, 1981. p. 215
  8. ^ Singh, Bikash (5 March 2016). "Arunachal Pradesh: Two deputy chief minister in Kalikho Pul's cabinet". The Economic Times.
  9. ^ "Amit Shah holds meeting with northeast CMs, forms alliance". Hindustan Times. 25 May 2016.
  10. ^ "Congress loses Arunachal two months after it got it, 43 of 44 MLAs defect". 26 October 2016.
  11. ^ a b ANI (14 October 2016). "Tamiyo Taga sworn-in as Cabinet minister of Arunachal Pradesh". Business Standard India. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  12. ^ "Takam Pario: After Pema Khandu's suspension, Takam Pario likely to be new Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh | India News - Times of India". The Times of India. 30 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Takam Pario likely to be Arunachal CM in 2017 after PPA suspends Pema Khandu, 6 MLAs". Firstpost. 30 December 2016.
  14. ^ "Takam Pario, the richest Arunachal MLA, may replace Pema Khandu as CM". Hindustan Times. 30 December 2016.
  15. ^ "In Arunachal, CM Pema Khandu wins musical chairs game for BJP". 1 January 2017.
  16. ^ "Arunachal: Shifting to BJP, Pema Khandu drops 3 ministers, 2 advisors, 5 parliamentary secretaries". 3 January 2017.
  17. ^ "Congress wins 42 assembly seats in Arunachal Pradesh". live mint. 17 May 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  18. ^ "Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Election, 2019". ECI. 24 May 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2020.

External links[edit]