Pen painting

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The battle of Terheide, a 1657 pen painting by Willem van de Velde the Elder

Pen painting is a painting technique used by seventeenth-century artists from the Dutch Republic. First the artist grounds a canvas with white oil paint before drawing on it with blue India ink. The invention of the technique is commonly attributed to Willem van de Velde the Elder.[1]


  1. ^ King, Cecil (1901). "'Penschilderijen' A Seventeenth-Century Craft". The Connoisseur: An Illustrated Magazine for Collectors. 104.