Peer-to-peer banking is a term used in the blockchain banking industry and designates an act of value transfer without the need for an intermediary such as a bank.
Peer-to-peer banking is an online system that allows individual members to complete financial transactions with one another by using an auction-style process that lets members offer loans for a specific amount and at a specific rate.
Definition in the traditional banking
Buyers have the option to look for an amount and rate of interest that meet their needs. All members are categorized by their risk level. Members can browse for other people based on various demographic information.
Unlike conventional banking where the spread between deposit rates and lending rates is consumed to finance the bank's administrative and logistic expenses, both lenders and borrowers get to save on such costs while paying certain commissions to the P2P portal provider and/or the credit rating agency.
P2P banking and financing have been proposed as a method to accelerate the development of renewable energy projects while more equitably distributing the return on investment. These concepts have now been instituted by Energy in Common and Kiva in their green funds.
The following two pictures show the difference between the peer to peer banking approach and the normal way with a financial institute.
Traditional banking model (simplified)
Peer to peer banking model (simplified)
- "Peer-to-peer lending is surging in the US, and it could hurt big banks" m businessinsider.com
- "Peer-to-peer lending", consumer.org.nz
- K. Branker, E. Shackles, J. M. Pearce, “Peer-to-Peer Financing Mechanisms to Accelerate Renewable Energy Deployment” The Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment 1(2), pp. 138-155 (2011).