Paul Shattuck

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Paul T. Shattuck
Alma materUniversity of Massachusetts, Amherst, Portland State University, University of Wisconsin–Madison
Scientific career
InstitutionsWashington University in St. Louis, Drexel University
ThesisThe prevalence of autism in special education (2005)

Paul T. Shattuck is an autism researcher at the A.J. Drexel Autism Institute at Drexel University, where he leads the Research Program Area on Life Course Outcomes.[1] He was previously a faculty member at the George Warren Brown School of Social Work at Washington University in St. Louis.


Dr. Shattuck obtained his Ph.D. in social welfare and an M.S.W. from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 2005, where he served as a postdoctoral fellow for two years thereafter. His education includes degrees in social work and sociology, and postdoctoral training in epidemiology.

Career and research[edit]

While a postgraduate student at UWM, Shattuck worked on a study[2] which concluded that some autistic children's behaviors, as they grow up, can improve with age.[3] He is also well known for publishing a study in 2006 concluding that broadening of the diagnostic criteria has made a major contribution to the rise in autism rates,[4][5] and for another study published three years later about the age at diagnosis of autistic children, which was later recognized as one of the most important autism studies of the year by both Autism Speaks and the Federal Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee.[6][7] Another topic of Shattuck's research is whether autistic children attend college and/or get a job after they graduate from high school. In general, his research on this topic has concluded that a much higher percentage of autistic children are unemployed after high school than children with speech or language impairments or learning disabilities.[8][9][10][11] His most recent study on the topic, for example, concluded that only 53% of autistic children had ever held a paying job during the eight years following high school, the lowest rate among all disability groups.[12]


  1. ^ Paul Shattuck, PhD|A. J. Drexel Autism Institute|Drexel University Archived 2013-10-06 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Shattuck, P. T.; Seltzer, M. M.; Greenberg, J. S.; Orsmond, G. I.; Bolt, D.; Kring, S.; Lounds, J.; Lord, C. (2006). "Change in Autism Symptoms and Maladaptive Behaviors in Adolescents and Adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder". Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 37 (9): 1735–1747. doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0307-7. PMC 3265360. PMID 17146700.
  3. ^ Study shows autism symptoms can improve into adulthood
  4. ^ Shattuck, P. T. (2006). "The Contribution of Diagnostic Substitution to the Growing Administrative Prevalence of Autism in US Special Education". Pediatrics. 117 (4): 1028–1037. doi:10.1542/peds.2005-1516. PMID 16585296. S2CID 26733990.
  5. ^ Osterweil, Neil (4 April 2006). "Autism 'Epidemic' in Schools Called Illusory". MedPage Today. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
  6. ^ Shattuck, P. T.; Durkin, M.; Maenner, M.; Newschaffer, C.; Mandell, D. S.; Wiggins, L.; Lee, L. C.; Rice, C.; Giarelli, E.; Kirby, R.; Baio, J.; Pinto-Martin, J.; Cuniff, C. (2009). "Timing of Identification Among Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: Findings from a Population-Based Surveillance Study". Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 48 (5): 474–83. doi:10.1097/CHI.0b013e31819b3848. PMC 3188985. PMID 19318992.
  7. ^ Paul Shattuck|Newsroom|Washington University in St. Louis
  8. ^ Shattuck, P. T.; Narendorf, S. C.; Cooper, B.; Sterzing, P. R.; Wagner, M.; Taylor, J. L. (2012). "Postsecondary Education and Employment Among Youth with an Autism Spectrum Disorder". Pediatrics. 129 (6): 1042–1049. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-2864. PMC 3362908. PMID 22585766.
  9. ^ "Young adults with autism less likely to go to college or hold down a job, study finds". Chicago Tribune. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  10. ^ Roux, A. M.; Shattuck, P. T.; Cooper, B. P.; Anderson, K. A.; Wagner, M.; Narendorf, S. C. (2013). "Postsecondary Employment Experiences Among Young Adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder". Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 52 (9): 931–9. doi:10.1016/j.jaac.2013.05.019. PMC 3753691. PMID 23972695.
  11. ^ "Young Adults on the Autism Spectrum Face Tough Prospects for Jobs and Independent Living". Drexel Now. 4 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  12. ^ "Young Adults With Autism Found to Have Difficulty Transitioning Into Employment". Elsevier. 5 September 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013.