Parliament of the Balearic Islands

Coordinates: 39°34′07″N 2°38′53″E / 39.5687°N 2.6481°E / 39.5687; 2.6481
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Parliament of the Balearic Islands

Parlament de les Illes Balears
Balearic Islands unicameral legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
HousesUnicameral
Leadership
Gabriel Le Senne, Vox
since 20 June 2023
Vice President
Mauricio Rovira, PP
since 20 June 2023
Second Vice President
Mercedes Garrido, PSIB
since 20 June 2023
Secretary
Misericordia Sugrañes, PP
since 20 June 2023
Second Secretary
Pilar Costa, PSIB
since 20 June 2023
Marga Prohens, PSIB
since 7 July 2023
Opposition Leader
Francina Armengol, PSIB
since 7 July 2023
Structure
Seats59
Political groups
Government (25)
  •   PP (25)

Supported by (8)

Opposition (25)

Length of term
4 years
Elections
Last election
28 May 2023
Meeting place
The old El Cercle Mallorquí building, home of the Balearic Parliament.
Website
www.parlamentib.cat

The Parliament of the Balearic Islands (Catalan: Parlament de les Illes Balears) is the unicameral autonomous parliament of the Balearic Islands, one of the autonomous communities of Spain. The Parliament, composed of 59 elected seats, is located in the city of Palma, on the island of Majorca.

Precedents[edit]

Parliamentary Assembly of the Balearic Islands (1977–1978)[edit]

The Parliamentary Assembly of the Balearic Islands (Catalan: Assemblea de Parlamentaris de les Illes Balears) was an unofficial provisional body serving as pre-autonomic representation from 30 July 1977. It was composed by the eleven elected deputies and senators in the 1977 general election. Additionally, on 13 June 1978, the pre-autonomic regime decree installed the new Inter-island General Council, and two more representatives from Menorca and two more from the Pityusic Islands were elected. The President was Jeroni Albertí, member of the Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD). When the Inter-island General Council was constituted on 24 July 1978, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Balearic Islands was dissolved.[1][2]

The composition of the Assembly was defined by the 1977 general election results in the Balearic Islands, which were the following:

Parliamentary Assembly of the Balearic Islands
(30 July 1977 – 24 July 1978)
Parties Dep Senators Total
Mall Men I–F
UCD 4 2 1 0 7
PSOE 2 1 0 0 3
AP 0 0 0 1 1
Total 6 3 1 1 11
Sources[3][4]

Inter-island General Council (1978–1983)[edit]

The 1978 Spanish Constitution anticipated the organisation of the State in Autonomous Communities. The different historic regions and nationalities could access to the autonomy through two ways; the so-called fast way (article 151) and the so-called slow or common way (article 143). During the process of achievement, the province or provinces could request to the Congress of Deputies the regime of preautonomy, as a transition period from the centralism to the self-government. On 13 June 1978 the Inter-island General Council (Catalan: Consell General Interinsular), preautonomous body for the Balearic Islands, was constituted by royal decree.[5] It substituted the Provincial Council of the Balearics and possessed some of the basic competences in health and culture, although its main function was drafting a Statue of Autonomy for the archipelago. On a 17 July 1978 decree, the election of its members was defined.[6] On 1 March 1983 the Statue of Autonomy of the Balearic Islands came into effect, and the Inter-island General Council disappeared, being replaced by the Government of the Balearic Islands.[7]

During the five years of its existence, the institution had two presidents. Jeroni Albertí (UCD) resigned in 1982 before participating in the foundation of Majorcan Union (UM).[8] The Menorcan Francesc Tutzó (UCD), who had been the vice-president, replaced Albertí, and governed the body until the 1983 regional election.[9]

Membership[edit]

Seats Island Constituencies[b]
33 Mallorca
13 Menorca
12 Ibiza
1 Formentera

Results of the elections to the Parliament of the Balearic Islands[edit]

Deputies in the Parliament of the Balearic Islands since 1983
Key to parties
  EUIB
  EUEV
  PSM
  PSMPSI
  PSMEU
  EVIB
  Bloc
  MpM
  Més
  GxF+PSOE
  PSOEExC
  PSOEPxE
  CIM
  FIEF
  El Pí
  AIPF
  CDS
  PDL
  UM
  Cs
  PPUM
  PP
  CP
  APPL
  Vox
Election Distribution President
1983
2 2 21 1 1 6 21
Gabriel Cañellas (AP)
1987
2 2 21 5 4 25
1991
2 3 21 1 1 31
Gabriel Cañellas (PP)
1995
3 1 6 16 2 1 30
Gabriel Cañellas (PP)
Cristòfol Soler (PP)
Jaume Matas (PP)
1999
3 5 7 13 3 28
Francesc Antich (PSIB–PSOE)
2003
2 4 5 15 3 1 29
Jaume Matas (PP)
2007
1 4 6 16 3 1 28
Francesc Antich (PSIB–PSOE)
2011
1 4 1 4 14 35
José Ramón Bauzá (PP)
2015
10 3 6 1 14 3 2 20
Francina Armengol (PSIB–PSOE)
2019
6 2 4 1 19 3 5 16 3
2023
1 2 4 18 1 25 8
Marga Prohens (PP)

Presidents of the Parliament of the Balearic Islands[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Legislature Political Party
Took office Left office Days

Parliamentary Assembly of the Balearic Islands[edit]

Jeroni Albertí Picornell
(1927–2024)
30 July 1977 24 July 1978 359 Pre-autonomic Union of the Democratic Centre

Inter-island General Council[edit]

Jeroni Albertí Picornell
(1927–2024)
24 July 1978 27 September 1982 1526 Pre-autonomic Union of the Democratic Centre
Francesc Tutzó Bennàsar
(b. 1940)
27 September 1982 10 June 1983 256

Parliament of the Balearic Islands[edit]

Antoni Cirerol Thomàs
(1926–2015)
10 June 1983[10] 14 April 1987[11] 1404 I
(1983–1987)
People's Alliance
Jeroni Albertí Picornell
(1927–2024)
31 July 1987[12] 2 April 1991[13] 1341 II
(1987–1991)
Majorcan Union
Cristòfol Soler Cladera
(b. 1956)
20 June 1991[14] 4 April 1995[15] 1416 III
(1991–1995)
People's Party
22 June 1995[16] 24 July 1995[17] IV
(1995–1999)
Joan Huguet Rotger
(b. 1954)
31 July 1995[18] 20 April 1999[19] 1359
Antoni Diéguez Seguí
(b. 1954)
13 July 1999[20] 4 August 1999 22 V
(1999–2003)
Socialist Party of the Balearic Islands
Maximilià Morales Gómez
(1948–2017)
4 August 1999[21] 1 April 2003[22] 1336 Majorcan Union
Pere Rotger Llabrés
(b. 1951)
19 June 2003[23] 3 April 2007[24] 1384 VI
(2003–2007)
People's Party
Maria Antònia Munar Riutort
(b. 1955)
26 June 2007[25] 5 March 2010[26] 983 VII
(2007–2011)
Majorcan Union
Aina Rado Ferrando
(1947–2017)
9 March 2010[27] 29 March 2011[28] 385 Socialist Party of the Balearic Islands
Pere Rotger Llabrés
(b. 1951)
8 June 2011[29] 14 December 2012[30] 555 VIII
(2011–2015)
People's Party
Margalida Duran Cladera
(b. 1967)
18 December 2012[31] 31 March 2015[32] 833
María Consuelo Huertas Calatayud
(b. 1959)
19 June 2015[33] 25 January 2017[34] 586 IX
(2015–2019)
We Can
Baltasar Picornell Lladó
(b. 1977)
14 February 2017[35] 20 June 2019 856
Vicenç Thomàs Mulet
(b. 1958)
20 June 2019[36] 20 June 2023 1461 X
(2019–2023)
Socialist Party of the Balearic Islands
Gabriel Le Senne
(b. 1977)
20 June 2023[37] Incumbent 248 XI
(2023–)
Vox
Gabriel Le SenneVicenç Thomàs MuletBaltasar Picornell LladóMaría Consuelo Huertas CalatayudMargalida Duran CladeraPere Rotger LlabrésAina Rado FerrandoMaria Antònia Munar RiutortPere Rotger Llabrésmaximilià Morales GómezAntoni Diéguez SeguíJoan Huguet RotgerCristòfol Soler CladeraJeroni AlbertíAntoni Cirerol ThomàsFrancesc Tutzó BennàsarJeroni Albertí

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Xisco Cardona left Vox in 2023
  2. ^ Since 1987

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Assemblea de Parlamentaris". Enciclopèdia d'Eivissa i Formentera (in Catalan). Retrieved 2017-03-07.
  2. ^ Adán, Gonzalo; Payeras, Miquel (2013). El complejo comportamiento del voto en Baleares. Chapter I.03 (PDF). IBES. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-11-17. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
  3. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1977. Balearic Islands". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Senate. June 1977. Balearic Islands". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Real Decreto-ley 18/1978, de 13 de junio, por el que se aprueba el régimen preautonómico para el archipiélago Balear" (PDF). boe.es (in Spanish). Official State Gazette. 30 June 1978. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Ley 39/1978, de 17 de julio, de elecciones locales" (PDF). boe.es (in Spanish). Official State Gazette. 21 July 1978. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  7. ^ Serra Busquets, Sebastià (2004). La institucionalización y articulación de la Comunidad Autónoma de las Islas Baleares. pp. 396–408.
  8. ^ Oliver Campins, Antoni (2010). "Jeroni Albertí Picornell (Banyalbufar, 1927)" (in Catalan). Gran Enciclopèdia de Mallorca Vol. I. p. 72. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  9. ^ Casasnovas Camps, Miquel Àngel; Ginard Ferón, David (2006). L'època contemporània a les Balears (1780-2005). pp. 76–77.
  10. ^ "Butlletí Oficial de la Comunitat Autònoma de les Illes Balears" (PDF). boib.caib.es (in Catalan and Spanish). 1983-06-10.
  11. ^ "Decreto 19/1987, de 13 de abril, de convocatoria de las elecciones al Parlamento de las islas Baleares" (PDF). boe.es (in Spanish). 1987-04-14.
  12. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan and Spanish). 1987-07-31.
  13. ^ "Decreto 26/1991, de 1 de abril, de convocatoria de elecciones al Parlamento de las Islas Baleares" (PDF). boe.es (in Spanish). 1991-04-02.
  14. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan and Spanish). 1991-06-20.
  15. ^ "Decreto 31/1995, de 3 de abril, de convocatoria de elecciones al Parlamento de las Islas Baleares" (PDF). boe.es (in Spanish). 1995-04-04.
  16. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 1995-06-22.
  17. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 1995-07-24.
  18. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 1995-07-31.
  19. ^ "Decreto 41/1999, de 19 de abril, de convocatoria de elecciones al Parlamento de las Illes Balears" (PDF). boe.es (in Spanish). 1999-04-20.
  20. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 1999-07-13.
  21. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 1999-08-04.
  22. ^ "Decreto 2/2003, de 31 de marzo, del Presidente de las Illes Balears, de convocatoria de elecciones al Parlamento de las Illes Balears" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). 2003-04-01.
  23. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 2003-06-19.
  24. ^ "Decreto 5/2007, de 2 de abril, del Presidente de las Illes Balears, de disolución del Parlamento de las Illes Balears y convocatoria de elecciones" (PDF). boib.caib.es (in Spanish). 2007-04-03.
  25. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 2007-06-26.
  26. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 2010-03-05.
  27. ^ "La izquierda se alía con UM para que Aina Rado presida el Parlament". ultimahora.es (in Spanish). 2010-03-09.
  28. ^ "Decreto 3/2011, de 28 de marzo, del Presidente de las Illes Balears, de disolución y convocatoria de elecciones al Parlamento de las Illes Balears" (PDF). boib.caib.es (in Spanish). 2011-03-29.
  29. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 2011-06-08.
  30. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 2012-12-14.
  31. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 2012-12-18.
  32. ^ "Decreto 2/2015, de 30 de marzo, del Presidente de las Illes Balears, de disolución y convocatoria de elecciones al Parlamento de las Illes Balears" (PDF). boe.es (in Spanish). 2015-03-31.
  33. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 2015-06-19.
  34. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 2015-01-25.
  35. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 2017-02-14.
  36. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 2019-06-20.
  37. ^ "Butlletí Oficial del Parlament de les Illes Balears" (PDF). parlamentib.es (in Catalan). 2023-06-20.

39°34′07″N 2°38′53″E / 39.5687°N 2.6481°E / 39.5687; 2.6481