Pakistan Muslim League (Q)

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Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
پاکستان مسلم لیگ(ق)
AbbreviationPML (Q)
LeaderDisputed
PresidentChaudhry Shujaat Hussain
Secretary-GeneralTariq Bashir Cheema
FoundersMian Muhammad Azhar
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain
Founded20 July 2002 (2002-07-20)
Split fromPML-N
Youth wingPML-Q Youth Wing[1]
Minorities wingPML Minorities Wing
IdeologyPakistani nationalism
Liberal conservatism
Conservatism[2]
Political positionCentre[3] to centre-right[4]
Colors lime
SloganLive, let live... Giving hope to the hopeless
Senate
1 / 100
National Assembly 
5 / 342
Punjab Assembly
10 / 371
KPK Assembly
1 / 145
Election symbol
Tractor (General Election 2018)
CH-1979-Zusatztafel-Traktor.svg
Party flag
Flag of the Pakistan Muslim League (Q).svg
Website
Official website

The Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid e Azam Group) Urdu: پاکستان مسلم لیگ (ق); Pākistān Muslim Līg (Qāf), Acronyms: PML(Q), PML-Q, PMLQ, "Q League") is a centrist to centre-right-nationalist political party in Pakistan. As of the 2018 parliamentary election, it has a representation of 5 seats. It previously served as an ally of former Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf's government, and led a joint election campaign in 2013 alongside Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) in Punjab and Balochistan provinces against its rival Pakistan Muslim League (N), a fiscally conservative and centre-right force.

Its leadership and members were once part of the Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) presided by former prime minister Nawaz Sharif. After the 1997 general elections, political differences arose that ultimately led to the creation of a faction inside the party. The dissidents, led by Shujaat Hussain, called for strong and vocal support for the 1999 military coup d'état staged and led by then-Chief of Army Staff and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General Pervez Musharaff. In 2002, dissident leaders launched the party, focused on President Pervez Musharraf’s government. It later became an integral part of Musharraf's government and appointed their own Prime minister, Shaukat Aziz.

Dissident leader Shujaat Hussain was named party president, and the party's focus turned to drawing in PML-N voters. Further advantage was taken by Musharraf, who granted opportunities to the party with a goal of exclusive support of the government and to diminish the public support of Sharif.

The emergence of PML-N as the largest opposition party after the 2008 elections led to a significant collapse of PML-Q's influence.[5] The party suffered many setbacks thereafter when its membership began to disintegrate after forming a separate bloc with close association with the PML-N, including the Like-Minded and Avami League blocs and second, the former president's bloc.[5] Senior members joined PML-N, while the junior leadership defected to the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI).[5]

In September 2010, PML-Q joined the similar ideological faction, PML-F, forming the Pakistan Muslim League (Pir Pagara), but this was short-lived when in May 2011 the party joined the Yousaf Raza Gillani led-government to fulfill the gap left by its rival PML-N.[6][7] However, the party announced its resignation from the Parliament, citing the failure of the Pakistan Peoples Party to resolve the energy crisis as the reason, which had direct impact on the federal government. The situation become better by giving relief in fuel prices on 15 June 2012.[8]

History[edit]

The founder of PML (Q) is Mian Muhammad Azhar. It attracted influential members such as the Chaudhary's of Gujrat, Pervaiz Elahi and Chaudhary Shujaat Hussain. 75% of its elected members are former "big men" of the Zia ul Haq and Nawaz Sharif governments. PML-N factions broke away in 2001 under NAB's pressure to form PML (Q). They were staunch Musharraf supporters and consider him their mentor. Although, he was sometimes mistakenly cited as a member, he was never part of the party.[citation needed]

Split from PML-N[edit]

PML (Q) started as a small group of half a dozen like-minded people in the Nawaz Sharif-led faction of PML-N, including Azhar, Khurshid Kasuri, Syeda Abida Hussain and her husband Syed Fakhar Imam. Azhar remained party president initially before he joined Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. Musharraf asked Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain and Chaudhry Pervez Elahi to "galvanise and reinvent the Muslim League". Several well known leaders later joined the PML (Q) while Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain was president. PML(Q) launched on 20 August 2002.[citation needed]

2002 general elections[edit]

During the 20 October 2002 legislative elections, the party won 25.7% votes and 126 out of 342 members.

Developments during PML(Q) Government (2002–2007)[edit]

Some economic and social development indicators:

  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP), grew from $63 billion in 1999 to $162 billion, at an average of 7%.
  • Per capita income increased to $925 from $435.
  • Revenue collection, which was at around Rs. 300 billion in 1999, crossed a record Rs. 1 trillion.
  • Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP), which hovered around Rs. 80 billion during the 1988–99 period, reached Rs. 520 billion.
  • Foreign direct investment (FDI), which was around $300 million in 1999, grew to $6.5 billion.
  • Remittances were at a record $5.5 billion.
  • Exports rise from $9 billion to $17 billion.
  • Foreign Exchange reserves $16 billion.
  • Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE) index rose to 14,000 from 1000 in 1999.

However, opponents point to all the achievements where over 10 years, at time of strong global economic growth, low oil prices and relative to other countries the achievements were average, particularly since a massive balance of payments crisis began in 2008.

United PML[edit]

In May 2004, various PML factions and other political parties merged with PML-Q to form a united Pakistan Muslim League (PML), thus leaving out only the Nawaz Sharf-led faction. They included former President Farooq Leghari's Millat Party, Jahan Zaib Awan, National Peoples Party, Arbab Ghulam Rahim's Sindh Democratic Alliance, Hamid Nasir Chattha's PML (Junejo), Pir Pagara's PML (Functional), Manzoor Wattoo's PML (Jinnah), and Ijaz-ul-Haq's PML (Zia).[9] Later on, the Pir Pagara led faction called the PML-Functional again parted ways with the united PML, which reduced the number of parties called Pakistan Muslim League to three: PML-Q, PML-N and PML-F.

Wings of PMLQ[edit]

As a major political party, the PMLQ has several active wings:

  • Federal Capital Wing
  • Ulma e Mashaikh Wing
  • Hussain Lovers Wing
  • Women Wing
  • Minorities Wing
  • Human Rights Wing
  • Lawyers Wing
  • Youth Wing
  • Labour Wing
  • Culture Wing
  • Sports Wing

2008 general elections[edit]

The Pakistan Muslim League (Q) contested the February 2008 legislative election with other allied parties including Muttahida Qaumi Movement, Pakistan Muslim League (F), and National Peoples Party.[10] It was believed that the party wanted former Punjab Chief Minister Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi to become Prime Minister. The PML (Q) lost major parliamentarians in the 2008 election, gaining only 49 elected seats, defeated by the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and the PML (N).

PML (Q) Secretary-General Mushahid Hussain Syed said that, although the party had performed "far below expectations", it accepted defeat in the election "with grace" and would become an opposition party. In this election PML-Q was the second largest vote-getter.

2013 general elections[edit]

PML (Q) contested the 2013 election in alliance with PPP. The party won only 2 seats in national assembly, along with 8 seats in Punjab assembly and 4 seats in Balochistan assembly. In Sindh and KPK assemblies, they were shut out, cadging only 3.11% of popular vote, relegating it from number two to number six in terms of votes.

2018 general elections[edit]

PML (Q) contested the 2018 election. The party won 5 seats in national assembly, along with 10 seats in Punjab assembly and 1 seat in KPK assembly.

Electoral history[edit]

National Assembly Elections[edit]

Election Presiding chair of the party Votes % Seats +/– Result
2002 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 7,500,797 25.66%
105 / 342
Increase105 Coalition Government
2008 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 7,962,473 22.97%
54 / 342
Decrease 51 Opposition (till 25 June 2012)
Coalition Partner (from 25 June 2012)
2013 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 1,409,905 3.11%
2 / 342
Decrease 52 Opposition
2018 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 678,208 1.01%
5 / 342
Increase 3 Coalition Partner (till 11 April 2022)
Opposition (from 11 April 2022)

Senate Elections[edit]

Election Presiding chair of the party Votes % Seats +/– Result
2006 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain - -
20 / 100
Increase20 Coalition Government
2009 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain - -
21 / 100
Increase 1 Opposition
2012 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain - -
4 / 100
Decrease 17 Coalition Government
2021 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain - -
1 / 100
Increase 1 Coalition Government
  • No member of PML(Q) was elected as Senator in 2015 and 2018.

Punjab Assembly Elections[edit]

Election Presiding chair of the party Votes % Seats +/– Result
2002 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 6,144,813 33.33%
129 / 297
Increase129 Government
2008 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 5,837,922 28.21%
79 / 371
Decrease 50 Opposition
2013 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 1,377,130 4.94%
8 / 371
Decrease 71 Opposition
2018 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 392,419 1.19%
10 / 371
Increase 2 Coalition Government

Sindh Assembly Elections[edit]

Election Presiding chair of the party Votes % Seats +/– Result
2002 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 543,590 9%
11 / 130
Increase11 Coalition Government
2008 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 1,098,754 12.91%
9 / 130
Decrease 2 Opposition
2013 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 1,377,130 4.94%
1 / 130
Decrease 8 Opposition
2018 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain - -
0 / 130
Decrease 1 -

Balochistan Assembly Elections[edit]

Election Presiding chair of the party Votes % Seats +/– Result
2002 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 219,026 19.30%
11 / 51
Increase11 Government
2008 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 437,719 33.05%
16 / 50
Increase 5 Opposition
2013 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 53,297 4.15%
5 / 50
Decrease 11 Opposition*
2018 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain - -
0 / 51
Decrease 5 -
  • In March 2018, Abdul Quddus Bizenjo of PML(Q) was elected as Chief Minister after a successful no-confidence motion against then-CM Sana Ullah Zehri of PML(N).

NWFP (Now-KPK) Assembly Elections[edit]

Election Presiding chair of the party Votes % Seats +/– Result
2002 (NWFP) Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 435,444 14.49%
7 / 124
Increase6 Opposition
2008(NWFP) Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 440,518 12.9%
6 / 124
Decrease 1 Opposition
2013 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain - -
0 / 124
Decrease 5 -
2018 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain - -
1 / 145
Increase 1 Non-Aligned

'Like-minded group' break away[edit]

A rift within party leadership emerged with a faction calling themselves the 'Like-minded' bloc, who opposed the Chaudhry's of Gujrat leadership bid.

The new faction announced that Hamid Nasir Chattha would be the chairman, Salim Saifullah the president, and Humayun Akhtar Khan the secretary general. Other prominent leaders to join this parallel set-up includes (former foreign ministers) Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri (appointed as chairman of the steering committee) former information and organising secretary PML-Q Azeem Chaudhary, former member parliament Asiya Azeem, Gohar Ayub Khan and Kashmala Tariq.[12][13]

In February 2010, the mainstream PML-Q was further affected by the resignation of Muhammad Ijaz-ul-Haq, and the revival of his Pakistan Muslim League (Z) party.

Alliances[edit]

Party President Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain and Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi consistently supported Musharraf. They were faithful to the general in even the most adverse circumstances.[14]

Shujaat Hussain's father Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi was initially a supporter of President Ayub Khan, but when Amir Mohammad Khan favoured some of his local opponents, he parted ways with Ayub's Convention Muslim League. He opposed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and later joined Zia's government. He was killed allegedly by Al-Zulfikar organisation for his support to General Zia. After Zahoor's death, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain continued to support Zia and his Islamization policies. Once the establishment parted ways with Nawaz Sharif in 1999, Hussain and Zahoor came to the rescue of stability and saw their new party PML (Q) win the general elections of 2002. Both the Chaudhry brothers were accused of financial scandals, including the Cooperative Scandal, sugar scandal and bank loan defaults, but none of them were ever proven or even pursued by the government. Nowadays, the Q-league has been reduced to a minor party as their vote-bank has been devoured by both Pakistan Peoples Party and Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf.[15]

Party leadership and vision[edit]

As of 2021, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain was president of PML-Q. He was elected unopposed.[16]

Prominent leaders of PMLQ are as below:

Name Office/Designation
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain President
Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi President PML Punjab[16]
Tariq Bashir Cheema Secretary General
Khalid Ranjha Senior Vice-President
S.M. Zafar
Mrs. Farrukh Khan Central President Women Wing
Mian Imran Masood Vice President PML Punjab
Shiekh Umer Hayat[citation needed] President Traders Wing PML Punjab
Chaudhary Zulfiqar Pappan[17] President Youth Wing PML Punjab
Naveed Ahsan Sheikh[citation needed] Vice President Youth Wing PML Punjab
Alamgir Advocate[18] President Lawyers Wing PML Punjab
Eng. Shahzad Elahi President Minority Wing PML Punjab
Khadeeja Umer Farooqi President Women Wing PML Punjab
Chaudhry Wajahat Hussain
Yousaf Ahad[19] President PML Lahore[19]
Syed Mumtaz Hussain Shah[citation needed] President PML Nankana Sahib
Raza Ahmed Khan[citation needed] Vice President PML Gujrat
Farhad Ali Khan Vice-President KPK
Zulfiqar Ali Chaudhry[citation needed] Member Quaidabad
Liaqat Abbas Bhatti
Syed Shahzaib Haider[citation needed] President Youth Wing (Islamabad)
Tanveer Aslam Chadhar[citation needed]
Kamil Ali Agha Spokesperson, Senator
Imran Khokhar[citation needed] Secretary Information (Rawalpindi)
Chaudhry Moonis Elahi Federal Minister of Water Resoruces
Chaudhry Salik Hussain Member of National Assembly

Electoral history[edit]

National Assembly elections[edit]

National Assembly[citation needed]
Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/–
2002 Zafarullah Khan Jamali 7,500,797 25.7%
142 / 342
Increase 142
2008 Shujaat Hussain 8,007,218 23.12%
60 / 341
Decrease 78
2013 Shujaat Hussain 1,409,905 3.11%
2 / 342
Decrease 58
2018 Shujaat Hussain 517,408 0.97%
5 / 342
Increase 3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PML-Q to distribute face masks". The News International (newspaper). 27 July 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  2. ^ "Pakistan's political parties explained". CNN. 18 February 2008.
  3. ^ Gholam Mujtaba, ed. (2018). The Political Ecology of Pakistan. FriesenPress. p. 85. The Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid e Azam Group), also known as PML (Q) is a centrist political party.
  4. ^ "Explainer: Pakistan's main political parties". Al-Jazeera. 6 May 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Bukhari, Irfan (25 March 2011). "PML-Q: Musharraf's brainchild fractured, failing". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
  6. ^ "PML-Q announces merger with PML-F". Dawn Newspaper. 18 September 2010. Archived from the original on 18 September 2010.
  7. ^ "Chaudhrys in new League with Pir Pagara". The Express Tribune. 19 September 2010.
  8. ^ "New life for govt; MQM & PML-Q announce return to coalition". PakTribune. 6 October 2011.
  9. ^ Mumtaz, Ashraf (20 May 2004). "Parties to inform EC about merger with PML". Dawn Newspaper.
  10. ^ "MQM, PML-Q, PML-F, NPP finalise 'friendly election adjustments'". The News International. 26 December 2007. Archived from the original on 8 June 2020. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  11. ^ "PTI, allies can form govt without support of other parties". The News. 27 July 2018. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  12. ^ "Split in PML-Q ranks over party leadership". Dawn Newspaper. 5 July 2009. Archived from the original on 9 July 2009.
  13. ^ "PML-Q (like-minded) chooses Salim as president". GEO.tv. 20 August 2009. Archived from the original on 8 October 2012.
  14. ^ Amir, Ayaz (26 September 2003). "The problem of spine in Pakistani politics". Dawn Newspaper.
  15. ^ Adil, Adnan (July 2004). "In His Prime". Newsline.
  16. ^ a b "Ch Shujaat Hussain elected PML-Q president unopposed". The News International (newspaper). 17 January 2021. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  17. ^ "Processions across city mark one year of Indian 'siege' of Kashmir". Dawn (newspaper). 6 August 2020. Retrieved 18 October 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. ^ "PML-Q hosts Eid Milan for lawyers". The Nation (newspaper). 9 June 2019. Retrieved 18 October 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ a b "Yousaf Ahad made President PML-Q Lahore". Business Recorder (newspaper). 28 October 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]