Office of Fine Arts
Secretary Clinton hosts a working lunch for French President Hollande at a 22-person mahogany table in the Treaty Room at Blair House. A portrait of the nation's first President has been chosen to decorate the room.
|Headquarters||2201 C Street NW |
M/FA Room 8213
Washington, D.C. 20520
38°53′40″N 77°02′54″W / 38.8944°N 77.0484°W
|Motto||To employ the fine arts in support of the diplomatic arts|
|Parent department||Under Secretary for Management|
|Parent agency||U.S. State Department|
The Office of Fine Arts (M/FA) is a division of the U.S. Department of State reporting to the Under Secretary of State for Management. The mission of the office is to administer appropriate settings for dialogue between U.S. officials and their international guests, to illustrate the continuity of American diplomacy through relevant objects, and to celebrate American cultural heritage through the acquisition, preservation and display of works of art with people around the world.
The office operates the Diplomatic Reception Rooms collection in the Department of State's headquarters, the Harry S Truman Building, as well as the collections at the President's Guest House, Blair House, covering two of the agency's nine heritage asset collections. The office also is tasked with the furnishment of the offices of the Secretary of State and other senior leadership. For over 50 years the office has been assisted by the Fine Arts Committee which held its first meeting on March 22, 1961. As of 2019[update], the office is headed by the Director of the Diplomatic Reception Rooms, Marcee Craighill.
The work of the office began in 1961, being first tasked with the Americana Project: to remodel and redecorate the 42 Diplomatic Reception Rooms. The Americana Project was headed by the former Assistant Chief of Protocol, Clement Conger, under Secretary of State Christian Herter during the Kennedy administration. Conger had years earlier recommended space for official government entertainment be made in the expansion to the DOS headquarters and Congress had approved this. However, Congress did not appropriate funds for furnishings and interior decoration. Since it began, the office's only use of tax money has been for the salaries and expenses of a small staff.
Diplomatic Reception Rooms
I use [the Diplomatic Reception Rooms] constantly with visitors, to sort of do that transformation of a couple of hundred years and take them back to our founding documents because only by talking about these men and talking about what they did, in the surroundings that would be familiar to them, can I show [visitors] how we became what we became.— Secretary Powell, on the importance of the rooms
Located on the top two floors of the U.S. Department of State, the 42 reception rooms are used by the President, Vice President, and Secretary of State to officially entertain heads of state, heads of government, foreign ministers, as well as other distinguished foreign and American guests. Here, the Office of Fine Arts maintains a collection of 5,000 objects estimated to be worth $125 million. Objects in the collection reflect American art and architecture from the time of the nation's founding and its formative years, 1750-1825. Approximately 100,000 visitors tour the rooms each year, with public tours being held three times a day. All of the items in the collection have been acquired through donations or purchases funded through gifts from private citizens, foundations, and corporations.
The work of the office regarding the Diplomatic Reception Rooms is supported by an outside 501(c)(3) public charity, the Fund for the Endowment of the Diplomatic Reception Rooms at the U.S. Department of State.
Director Craighill escorts Secretary Pompeo around the Diplomatic Reception Rooms
Angelina Jolie and Secretary Kerry sit in colonial easy chairs in the John Quincy Adams State Drawing Room
Photographs on display in front of a Bombé desk in the Benjamin Franklin State Dining Room
President Macron signs the State Department guestbook in the James Monroe Conference Room
President Bush delivers remarks
Office of Fine Arts staff take care to curate the rooms with items that are evocative of the values held by the emerging American nation as diplomats and American leadership use the rooms to convey the nation's continued dedication to those values. Additionally the environment may positively inspire civil service and foreign service staff as Secretary Shultz put forward: "And [US Government staff] feel now 'I'm here as part of the history of what's going on and maybe if we do things right they'll hang our picture up here someday and 200 years from now somebody will point to it."
The President's Guest House, commonly known as Blair House, is a complex of four formerly separate buildings: Blair House, Lee House, Peter Parker House, and 704 Jackson Place. It is composed of 115 rooms and 30 bathrooms. The President's Guest House is primarily used to host visiting dignitaries and other guests of the president and has been called "the world's most exclusive hotel". It is larger than the White House and closed to the public. The Buildings are owned by the General Services Administration and are managed by the Chief of Protocol of the United States in cooperation with the Diplomatic Security Service, the Bureau of Administration and the Office of Fine Arts.
The financing of the preservation of historic furnishings and art found in the Guest House is supported by an outside 501(c)(3) organization, the Blair House Restoration Fund.
Secretary Kerry and former Secretary Albright hug beneath a portrait of the Marquis de Lafayette, America's first visitor of state
President Obama speaks with Interior Secretary Salazar in one of the Drawing Rooms
View of Washington, D.C. by Andrew W. Melrose hangs in the Dining Room
In addition to the management of the two heritage assets, the office is responsible for furnishing and maintaining the offices and reception rooms of the Secretary, the two Deputy Secretaries, and the Under Secretary for Political Affairs. Before Fine Arts furnished senior leadership offices, offices were noticeably sparse as Secretary Kissinger describes: "When I was Secretary, the Secretary's office hadn't been rebuilt yet. It was described by somebody as like the boardroom of a medium-seized Midwestern bank. So I frequently took visitors upstairs [to the Diplomatic Reception Rooms] and showed them a more artistic and historic side of America."
The director of the office retains the title the Director of the Diplomatic Reception Rooms. To date, there have been 3 such directors:
|1||Clement E. Conger||1961–1992|
|2||Gail F. Serfaty||1992–2007|
The Office of Fine Arts at the U.S. Department of State offers internship opportunities in the spring, summer and fall of each year. These opportunities are unpaid, experience-oriented internships in historic artifact research and curation, fundraising, and cultural heritage management. Interns must be (1) a U.S. citizen (2) able to obtain and maintain a security clearance (3) enrolled as a degree-seeking student in an accredited college or university and (4) enrolled as a full- or part-time graduate student in fine or decorative arts. Sessions are 10 weeks of 40 hours each week; students are required to serve a minimum of 24 hours each week for 8 weeks.
- Art in Embassies Program
- Register of Culturally Significant Property
- United States Diplomacy Center
- Ralph J. Bunche Library
- Conger, Clement E (1991). Treasures of State: Fine and Decorative Arts in the Diplomatic Reception Rooms of the U.S. Department of State. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. pp. 27–44.
- Grant, Daniel (November 11, 2009). "Artifacts as Ambience". Wall Street Journal. New York City. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
- Slesin, Suzanne (June 16, 1988). "Fit for Dignitaries, Blair House Reopens Its Stately Doors". New York Times. New York City. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Gamarekian, Barbara (February 19, 1987). "A Look at Blair House in Mid-Restoration". New York Times. New York City. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
- ^ a b c Huberman, Martin (Director) (November 14, 2017). Becoming a Nation (Video). Washington, DC: Fund for the Endowment of the Diplomatic Reception Rooms. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- ^ Stephey, M.J. (January 15, 2009). "Blair House: World's Most Exclusive Hotel". TIME Magazine. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- ^ French, Mary Mel (2010). United States Protocol. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 297–300. ISBN 978-1-4422-0319-8.
- ^ "Internships". US Department of State. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.