Oberbergischer Kreis

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Oberbergischer Kreis
Flag of Oberbergischer Kreis
Coat of arms of Oberbergischer Kreis
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. regionCologne
CapitalGummersbach
Area
 • Total918.53 km2 (354.65 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2021)[1]
 • Total271,621
 • Density300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationGM
Websitehttp://www.oberbergischer-kreis.de

The Oberbergischer Kreis (Kölsch: Boverbärjische Kreiß) is a Kreis (district) in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Ennepe-Ruhr, Märkischer Kreis, Olpe, Altenkirchen, Rhein-Sieg, Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, and the urban districts Remscheid and Wuppertal.

Name[edit]

The district was named after the region known as Bergisches Land, which belonged to the County of Berg for most of the medieval era. What is called "Oberbergisch" ("upper Bergian") lies in the southeast of that earldom. By 1740, descriptions of the area distinguished between "Niederbergisch", which was north of the river Wupper, and "Oberbergisch" to its south.

In 1816, after the entire Rhineland was annexed to Prussia, the districts of Waldbröl, Homburg, Gimborn, Wipperfürth, and Lennep were created within the area now covered by the district. In 1825 the districts Gimborn and Homburg were merged into the district Gummersbach. In 1932 it was merged with the district of Waldbröl, and the region became known as Oberbergischer Kreis. The restructuring of 1969/75 created the current boundaries of the district.

Geography[edit]

The Oberbergischer Kreis covers the hills west of the Sauerland and north of the Westerwald. It constitutes the eastern part of the Bergisches Land nature reserve. Situated at an altitude of 100–520 meters above sea level, it is rich in wood and water (numbering ten artificial lakes) and thus a recreational area for citizens from Cologne, the Ruhr area and the Netherlands.

The prevailing rock is greywacke, which was and in places still is mined in large stone quarries.

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is a combination of the heraldic signs of the territories the district belonged to. The red-white bar in the top symbolizes the County of Mark and the lion that of Berg. Homburg Castle (near Nümbrecht) was the seat of the Princes of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg.

Politics[edit]

Gummersbach - Kreishaus 13 ies

Nazi Era[edit]

Robert Ley, a Nazi politician who helped organize the recruitment of slave labor during World War II, and published an anti-Semitic newspaper, the Westdeutscher Beobachter, was born in Niederbreidenbach,[2] a town in Oberbergischer Kreis.

District Administrator[edit]

  • 1945-1951: Dr. August Dresbach, CDU
  • 1951-1952: Fritz Eschmann, SPD
  • 1952-1956: Wilhelm Henn, CDU
  • 1956-1961: Fritz Eschmann, SPD
  • 1961-1964: Reinhard Kaufmann, CDU
  • 1964-1969: Dr. Heinrich Schild, CDU
  • 1969-1989: Hans Wichelhaus, CDU
  • 1989-1994: Hans-Leo Kausemann, CDU
  • 1994-1999: Herbert Heidtman, SPD

Since the October 1st, 1999 there is only one (directly elected) District Administrator who at the same time is head of management:

  • 1999-2004: Hans-Leo Kausemann, CDU
  • 2004-2015: Hagen Jobi, CDU
  • 2015-today: Jochen Hagt, CDU

District Administrator for the management[edit]

  • 1946-1979: Dr. Friedrich-Wilhelm Goldenbogen, CDU
  • 1979-1987: Dr. Dieter Fuchs, CDU
  • 1987-1994: Dr. Gert Ammermann, CDU
  • 1995-1999: Heribert Rohr, SPD

Economy[edit]

The district's economy is marked by small and middle-sized industry, particularly in the areas of plastic and metal processing.

Places of interest[edit]

Homburg Castle

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Rhein-Sieg-KreisOberbergischer KreisRheinisch-Bergischer KreisNorth Rhine-WestphaliaRemscheidWuppertalEnnepe-Ruhr-KreisMärkischer KreisOlpe (district)Siegen-WittgensteinRhineland-PalatinateWaldbrölMorsbachNümbrechtWiehlReichshofGummersbachMarienheideBergneustadtEngelskirchenLindlarHückeswagenWipperfürthRadevormwald
Clickable map of towns and municipalities in the district
Towns Municipalities
  1. Bergneustadt
  2. Gummersbach
  3. Hückeswagen
  4. Radevormwald
  5. Waldbröl
  6. Wiehl
  7. Wipperfürth
  1. Engelskirchen
  2. Lindlar
  3. Marienheide
  4. Morsbach
  5. Nümbrecht
  6. Reichshof

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 20 June 2022.
  2. ^ "Robert Ley, German politician". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2 June 2021.

External links[edit]

Media related to Oberbergischer Kreis at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°02′N 7°31′E / 51.033°N 7.517°E / 51.033; 7.517