Northern theater of the American Revolutionary War
It was originally called the New York Department, and consisted of all of New York State. On November 12, 1776, after the British occupation of New York City, the Highlands Department was created out of the Northern Department. The Northern Department then stopped 30 miles south of Albany. After that, it was always referred to as the Northern Department.
The Highlands Department was the smallest in area, and was formed around the defenses on the Hudson River north of New York City.
Continental Northern Department
In 1777, the Northern Department was organised into:
- Commanding Officer of the Northern Department, General Philip Schuyler
- Nixon's Brigade, commanded by Brigadier General John Nixon
- De Fermoy's Brigade, commanded by French Brigadier General Matthias Alexis Roche de Fermoy
- Poor's Brigade, commanded by Brigadier General Enoch Poor
- Paterson's Brigade, commanded by Brigadier General John Paterson
- Learned's Brigade, commanded by Brigadier General Ebenezer Learned
British Northern Army
During the Battles of Saratoga, the British northern army consisted of:
- Commanding Officer, Lieutenant General John Burgoyne
- Commander of Artillery & Engineers, Major G. Williams
- Advanced Corps (vanguard), commanded by Brigadier General S. Fraser
- Right Division, commanded by Major General William Phillips
- Left Division (all Germans), commanded by Generalmajor (Major General) Baron Friedrich Adolf Riedesel Freiherr zu Eisenbach (Brunswicker)
- 1st (Brunswick) Brigade, commanded by Brigadegeneral Johann Friedrich von Specht
- 2nd Brigade, commanded by Brigadegeneral Wilhelm von Gall (Hesse-Hanau)
- Reserve (Germans), commanded by Oberstleutnant Heinrich von Breymann
On May 10, 1775, Fort Ticonderoga was captured from the British.
The major campaigns are divided as follows:
- New York and New Jersey campaign
- Saratoga campaign
- Northern theater of the American Revolutionary War after Saratoga
After War years
This department was the only one to remain after the war. The last elements of the Continental Army were kept to guard the western frontier outposts.
- George Nafziger, Continental Troops in Northern Department 7 September 1777, United States Army Combined Arms Center.