Northern Illinois University

Coordinates: 41°56′2″N 88°46′40″W / 41.93389°N 88.77778°W / 41.93389; -88.77778
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Northern Illinois University
Former name
Northern Illinois State School (1895–1921)
Northern Illinois State Teachers College (1921–1955)
Northern Illinois State College (1955–1957)
TypePublic research university
EstablishedMay 22, 1895; 128 years ago (1895-05-22)
AccreditationHLC
Academic affiliation
URA
Space-grant
Endowment$99.2 million (2021)[1]
PresidentLisa Freeman
ProvostBeth Ingram
Students15,649 (Fall 2022)[2]
Undergraduates11,429 (Fall 2022)[2]
Postgraduates4,220 (Fall 2022)[2]
Location, ,
United States
CampusUniversity town;
945.13 acres (382.5 ha)[3]
ColorsCardinal and Black[4]
   
NicknameHuskies
Sporting affiliations
NCAA Division IMAC
Websitewww.niu.edu

Northern Illinois University (NIU) is a public research university in DeKalb, Illinois. It was founded as Northern Illinois State Normal School in 1895 by Illinois Governor John P. Altgeld to provide the state with college-educated teachers. In addition to the main campus in DeKalb, it has satellite centers in Chicago, Naperville, Rockford, and Oregon, Illinois.

The university is composed of seven degree-granting colleges and has a student body of approximately 16,000. NIU is one of seven public universities in Illinois that compete in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's, Division I.[5] The athletic teams are known as the Huskies and compete in the Mid-American Conference (MAC).

History[edit]

Altgeld Hall and Still Hall along College Avenue. Altgeld Hall was the first building to be constructed on campus.

Northern Illinois University was founded as part of the expansion of the normal school program established in 1857 in Normal, Illinois. In 1895, the state legislature created a board of trustees for the governance of the Northern Illinois State Normal School, which would grow into what is today known as NIU.

In July 1917, the Illinois Senate consolidated the boards of trustees for the five state normal schools (Eastern Illinois State Normal School, Illinois State Normal School, Northern Illinois State Normal School, Southern Illinois State Normal University, and Western Illinois State Normal School) into one state Normal School Board.

Over the next fifty-eight years, the school and the governing board changed their names several times. In 1921, the legislature gave the institution the name Northern Illinois State Teachers College and empowered it to award the four-year Bachelor of Education degree. In 1941, the Normal School Board changed its name to the Teachers College Board. In 1951 the Teachers College Board authorized the college to grant the degree Master of Science in education, and the institution's Graduate School was established. On July 1, 1955, the state legislature renamed the college Northern Illinois State College and authorized the college to broaden its educational services by offering academic work in areas other than teacher education. The Teachers College Board granted permission for the college to add curricula leading to the degrees Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science. On July 1, 1957, the Seventieth General Assembly renamed Northern Illinois State College as Northern Illinois University in recognition of its expanded status as a liberal arts university.

In 1965, the Illinois State Teachers College Board became the Board of Governors of State Colleges and Universities and was reorganized to include Northeastern University, Governor's State, and Chicago State Universities. In 1967 authority for Northern Illinois University, Illinois State University, and Sangamon State University were passed on to a newly formed board of regents. In 1984, the board created the position of chancellor for the three regent universities to act as a chief executive for all three schools. In 1996, authority for each of the three regency universities was transferred to three independent boards of trustees, each concerned with only one university.[6]

In 2008, the university drew international attention when a gunman opened fire in a crowd of students on campus, killing five students and injuring 17 more people before fatally shooting himself.

University presidents[edit]

13 presidents have served at the university.[7]

  • John Williston Cook (1899–1919)
  • J. Stanley Brown (1919–1927)
  • Joseph Clifton Brown (1927–1929)
  • Karl L. Adams (1929–1948)
  • Leslie A. Holmes (1949–1967)
  • Rhoten A. Smith (1967–1971)
  • Richard J. Nelson (1971–1978)
  • William R. Monat (1978–1984)
  • Clyde Wingfield (1985–1986)
  • John E. La Tourette (1986–2000)
  • John G. Peters (2000–2013)
  • Douglas D. Baker (2013–2017)
  • Lisa C. Freeman (2017–present)

Academics[edit]

Northern Illinois University
College/school
Year founded
College of Business
1961
College of Education
1895
College of Engineering and Engineering Technology
1985
College of Health and Human Sciences
1959
College of Law
1975
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
1959
College of Visual and Performing Arts
1957
Swen Parson Hall, Northern Illinois University College of Law

NIU has seven degree-granting colleges[8] that together offer more than 60 undergraduate majors, 70 minors, nine pre-professional programs, and 79 graduate programs, including a College of Law,[9] and 24 areas of study leading to doctoral degrees.[10] Many of NIU's academic programs are nationally accredited for meeting the highest standards of academic quality and rigor, including business, engineering, nursing, visual and performing arts, and all teacher certification programs.[11] New interdisciplinary academic programs in Environmental Studies and Community Leadership and Civic Engagement were established in FY 2012.

Rankings[edit]

Academic rankings
National
Forbes[12]621
U.S. News & World Report[13]299–391
Washington Monthly[14]248
WSJ / College Pulse[15]601–800
Global
U.S. News & World Report[16]671

In 2021, Northern Illinois University was ranked the 97th top college in the United States by Payscale and CollegeNet's Social Mobility Index college rankings.[17] NIU is classified as a "National University" by U.S. News & World Report and ranked number 177 out of 206 which were ranked (75 were left unranked). The same publication also ranked NIU as 41st best in the country for Public Affairs programs,[18] and within that field, NIU's program in City Management & Urban Policy was ranked third in the nation and the Public Finance & Budgeting program at 12th.[18][19] Forbes magazine placed NIU as number 386 on its list of 600 universities in 2021.[20]

Science and research[edit]

Davis Hall, the old science building at NIU
NIU College of Engineering

NIU is classified among "R2: Doctoral Universities – High research activity".[21] The university is also a member of the Universities Research Association that manages several federal physics laboratories including Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois. The university is expanding its program in accelerator technology.

Established in 1963, Northern Illinois University's Center for Southeast Asian Studies[22] (CSEAS) is currently one of seven federally recognized National Resource Centers (NRC) for Southeast Asian foreign language and area studies. NIU has been awarded the Title VI Foreign Language and Area Studies[23] (FLAS) Fellowships since 1974 and Undergraduate NRC grants since 1997.[24] NIU's CSEAS operates within the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and offers an undergraduate minor and a graduate concentration in Southeast Asian studies, enrolling more than 1,500 students each year.

Campus[edit]

The main campus sits on 756 acres in DeKalb and includes 64 major buildings. Additional campus sites include, the Lorado Taft Field Campus (144 acres), Rockford Campus (10 acres), and the Naperville Campus (11.2 acres).[3]

One of the most prominent buildings on campus is the castle-like Altgeld Hall. It is one of the five castle-themed buildings built according to the suggestion of Governor John Peter Altgeld. The auditorium in Altgeld Hall, which was designed to also function as a ballroom, was restored and can seat up to 500.[25] On the level below the auditorium, the original gym was transformed into a computer classroom.[26] Also on the same level is the NIU Art Museum which occupies two large spaces.

Altgeld Hall

The East Lagoon near Altgeld is a recreation spot on campus.[27][28] The Holmes Student Center also houses a 78-room hotel.[29]

The Martin Luther King Commons at night

Residence halls[edit]

NIU's residence halls (including two complexes with four 12-story towers each) provide several living options to on-campus students.[30] Living-learning floors include the Health Professions House; Business Careers House; Teacher Education and Certification House (TEACH); Honors House; International House; Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM) House; and Fine Arts House.[31] Other floor options include all-men, all-women, transfers, quiet lifestyle and alcohol-free.

Northern View Community, which opened in 2008, offers apartments to undergraduate students who are at least two years post-high school, graduate students, law students, or any student who has a dependent and/or a partner or spouse.[32]

The Fanny Ruth Patterson Complex, a 1,000-bed complex just north of Lincoln Hall, opened to all students in the fall of 2012. It features two residential buildings where students can live in clusters of 12.[33]

After an extensive renovation, Grant C Tower reopened in the fall of 2011 with completely new accommodations and furnishings for NIU students. Gilbert Hall, which had not been used as a residence hall since 1995, underwent a complete renovation and re-opened in the fall of 2013. Grant D Tower was renovated and re-opened in the fall of 2013.

Douglas Hall, a part of the pair of residence halls Lincoln-Douglas, was demolished by the spring of 2016. Lucinda Avenue has been extended and used since the spring of 2016. This is a part of the master plan to create a new campus.

Residence halls in use:[34]

  • Gilbert Hall
  • Grant Towers
  • Neptune Hall
  • Fanny Ruth Patterson Complex[35]
  • Northern View
  • Stevenson Tower

Athletic facilities[edit]

On the west side of campus is Brigham Field at Huskie Stadium, the home of NIU football games, which also often hosts other outdoor events. Huskie Stadium, which has a seating capacity over 23,000, is surrounded by large open grassy areas which provide recreation, and also serve as the tailgating lots for football games. There is also a baseball field, Ralph McKinzie Field; a softball field, Mary M. Bell Field; a soccer field, Huskie Soccer Complex; and tennis courts, Gullikson Tennis Courts, which flank Huskie Stadium.

At the stadium's north end zone are two athletic buildings. The first is the Jeffrey and Kimberly Yordon Academic and Athletic Performance Center. The facility opened in August 2007. The second is the Kenneth and Ellen Chessick Indoor Practice Center,[36] an 80,600-square-foot practice facility that houses the football, baseball, and softball teams.

On the far west side of campus is the Convocation Center, a 10,000-seat arena opened in 2002. The Convocation Center hosts NIU men's and women's basketball, gymnastics, wrestling, and volleyball, Victor E. Court, games, the opening convocation ceremony for incoming freshmen, music concerts, and a variety of events throughout the year including job fairs, internship fairs, and other expositions.

At the corner of Annie Glidden Road and Lucinda Avenue is the Chick Evans Field House, home to two large activity rooms with mirrors often used by dance clubs; a three-lane, 1/7-mile jogging and walking track; four multipurpose courts for basketball, volleyball, indoor soccer and floor hockey; and a cardio- and strength-training room, which has been under-used since the basketball team moved to the Convocation Center. The field house continues to host expositions and sporting events of a smaller scale, and is the headquarters for the campus ROTC program.

Two swimming pools are located in Anderson and Gabel Halls.

Student life[edit]

Student body composition as of May 2, 2022
Race and ethnicity[37] Total
White 48% 48
 
Hispanic 21% 21
 
Black 19% 19
 
Asian 6% 6
 
Other[a] 4% 4
 
Foreign national 1% 1
 
Economic diversity
Low-income[b] 52% 52
 
Affluent[c] 48% 48
 

Facilities[edit]

NIU's Campus Child Care Center offers care to children aged two months to five years, along with a summer school program for children ages 6 to 8. Enrollment is secured on a first-come, first-served basis, with priority given first to currently enrolled families, followed by NIU students, NIU faculty and staff, and the community. The center is licensed through the State of Illinois and accredited through the Academy of Early Childhood Program Accreditation.

The Peters Campus Life Building[38] is home to the Campus Activities Board, Career Services, the Counseling and Student Development Center, the Honors Program, the Northern Star student newspaper, the Student Association, and Student Involvement and Leadership Development.

Organizations[edit]

NIU has more than 400 student organizations, including recreational sports clubs such as lacrosse, volleyball, rugby, swimming, and ice hockey. Groups embrace interests from academics, advocacy, athletics and the arts to community service, ethnicity, politics, language studies, and religion.[39] There are dozens of fraternities and sororities.

Each year, several of the Greek organizations at NIU host IFC Tugs, a bracket-style athletic tournament competition similar to tug-of-war with a long history at Northern Illinois University. NIU Tugs was captured on film in a 1996 documentary, Tugs Untied, about NIU's unique version of the sport; the 37-minute documentary won the "Best of Arizona" award at the 2000 Arizona International Film Festival.[40]

Arts and culture[edit]

NIU Anthropology Museum in Cole Hall (display cases, sometimes referred to as cabinets)
"Olive Goyle" sculpture near McMurry Hall
Jack Arends Hall, NIU College of Visual and Performing Arts

Students, faculty and guest artists in NIU's College of Visual and Performing Arts host more than 200 art exhibitions, music concerts and theatrical and dance productions throughout each year. Ticketed events are free of charge to all NIU students.

The NIU Art Museum is located on the main floor of Altgeld Hall and features a number of exhibitions every year including visiting exhibitions, exhibitions from the art museum's collection and from faculty of the NIU School of Art and Design. Jack Arends Hall, the home of the visual arts at NIU features three gallery spaces, the main Jack Olson Gallery, the Annette and Jerry Johns Student Art Gallery and the Backspace Gallery.

NIU's Pick Museum is located in Cole Hall and features works from the university's anthropology collection with a focus on North American native collections and cultural artifacts from throughout Southeast Asia. NIU is home to a large collection of Burmese art, maintained by the university's Center for Burma Studies.

Theres is a School of Art and Design, a School of Music, and a School of Theatre and Dance.

Theatre performances are held in the newly renovated Stevens Building which features four theatre spaces, O'Connell Theatre, a 440-foot proscenium theatre, the 220 seat Sally Stevens Players Theatre, a flexible "Black Box" Theatre that can be configured in many different seating and stage arrangements and the 150 seat Corner Theatre.

The Department of Communication sponsors the annual Reality Bytes Film Festival, created in 2002 by media studies professor Laura Vazquez to give NIU students the ability to competitively screen their work. The 2011 festival received more than 40 entries from across the country and as far away as Cuba, South Africa and Australia.

Athletics[edit]

Northern Illinois Huskies football players in 2021

Affiliation[edit]

NIU was a member of the Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference from 1920 to 1967. Currently, the NIU Huskies compete in NCAA Division I, FBS (I-A) for Football, in the Mid-American Conference.

NIU's athletic department experienced large growth in reputation in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Almost completely unknown to observers from outside of Illinois before the mid-1990s, the Huskies were ranked as high as 10th in the 2003 AP College Football poll after victories against BCS opponents number 14 Maryland (who finished that season at number 17), number 21 Alabama and Iowa State. In 2010, NIU football had its first undefeated MAC regular season (8-0), and cracked the top 25 in Associated Press and coaches' polls. In 2012, NIU football, after winning another MAC Football Championship earned a place in the Orange Bowl and was the first team to participate in a BCS Bowl from the Mid-American Conference.

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other consists of Multiracial Americans & those who prefer to not say.
  2. ^ The percentage of students who received an income-based federal Pell grant intended for low-income students.
  3. ^ The percentage of students who are a part of the American middle class at the bare minimum.

References[edit]

  1. ^ As of June 30, 2021. U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2021 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY20 to FY21 (Report). National Association of College and University Business Officers and TIAA. February 19, 2021. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "2022 Fast Facts".
  3. ^ a b "Northern Illinois University". Archived from the original on July 23, 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
  4. ^ "Northern Illinois University Graphic Standards". NIU.edu. Archived from the original on November 8, 2016. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  5. ^ "Our Division I Members". NCAA.org. Retrieved November 6, 2023.
  6. ^ "Inventory of the Board of Trustees Records in the Northern Illinois University Archives (UA 3)" (PDF). Ulib.niu.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 22, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  7. ^ "Past Presidents - NIU - Office of the President". Niu.edu. September 5, 1948. Archived from the original on July 17, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
  8. ^ "Colleges, Schools & Departments - NIU - Academics". Niu.edu. Archived from the original on March 15, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  9. ^ "College of Law - NIU - Northern Illinois University". Law.niu.edu. Archived from the original on March 15, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  10. ^ "Doctoral Degree Programs". niu.edu.
  11. ^ "Accredited Programs - NIU - Division of Academic Affairs". Niu.edu. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  12. ^ "Forbes America's Top Colleges List 2023". Forbes. Retrieved September 22, 2023.
  13. ^ "2023-2024 Best National Universities". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 22, 2023.
  14. ^ "2023 National University Rankings". Washington Monthly. Retrieved February 10, 2024.
  15. ^ "2024 Best Colleges in the U.S." The Wall Street Journal/College Pulse. Retrieved January 27, 2024.
  16. ^ "2022-23 Best Global Universities Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved February 25, 2023.
  17. ^ CollegeNET. "Social Mobility Index 2021 - College Rankings by CollegeNET". Socialmobilityindex.org. Retrieved April 29, 2022.
  18. ^ a b "Northern Illinois University | Best Public Affairs School | US News". Grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Archived from the original on March 3, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  19. ^ "Northern Illinois University | Overall Rankings | Best College | US News". Colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Archived from the original on April 15, 2011. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  20. ^ "Northern Illinois University". Forbes.
  21. ^ "Carnegie Classifications Institution Lookup". carnegieclassifications.iu.edu. Center for Postsecondary Education. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  22. ^ "About Us - NIU - Center for Southeast Asian Studies". Niu.edu. October 28, 2014. Archived from the original on March 18, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  23. ^ "USDE Awards - NIU - Center for Southeast Asian Studies". Niu.edu. Archived from the original on June 3, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  24. ^ "弁護士と交通事故の関係". www.nrcweb.org. Archived from the original on March 25, 2014.
  25. ^ "The Auditorium". Niu.edu. Archived from the original on October 23, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  26. ^ "The Instructional Technology Teaching Laboratory". Niu.edu. Archived from the original on March 22, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  27. ^ "East Lagoon to welcome fountain in spring". NIU Today. November 28, 2011. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  28. ^ Rice, Linze (July 21, 2023). "Most People Don't Even Know This Little-Known Destination In Illinois Even Exists". OnlyInYourState®. Retrieved November 6, 2023.
  29. ^ "Featured Projects - NIU - Facilities Management and Campus Services". Northern Illinois University. Retrieved November 6, 2023.
  30. ^ "Housing & Dining - NIU". Niu.edu. Archived from the original on October 30, 2015. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
  31. ^ "Living-Learning Communities - NIU - Housing & Dining". Niu.edu. Archived from the original on January 7, 2016. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
  32. ^ "Housing & Dining : Northern View Community". Niu.edu. Archived from the original on March 21, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  33. ^ "New | Northern LifeStyle - NIU - Northern Illnios University- NIU - Northern Illinois University". www.niu.edu. Archived from the original on March 10, 2011.
  34. ^ "Residence Hall index". Archived from the original on April 12, 2017. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
  35. ^ "NIU Today - NIU celebrates African American trailblazer by renaming New Residence Hall". NIU Today. Retrieved July 17, 2023.
  36. ^ "The Northern Illinois Official Athletic Site - Hasf". Niuhuskies.Com. August 26, 2014. Archived from the original on February 18, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  37. ^ "College Scorecard: Northern Illinois University". United States Department of Education. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  38. ^ "NIU Today - Campus Life Building to be renamed in honor of John Peters". NIU Today. Retrieved July 17, 2023.
  39. ^ "Categorical List - NIU - Student Association". Niu.edu. Archived from the original on March 17, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  40. ^ "2010 Arizona International Film Festival". Archived from the original on November 3, 2011. Retrieved September 12, 2015.

External links[edit]

41°56′2″N 88°46′40″W / 41.93389°N 88.77778°W / 41.93389; -88.77778