|Native to||People's Republic of China|
|ISO 639-3||None (|
New Xiang, also known as Chang-Yi (长益片 / 長益片) is the dominant form of Xiang Chinese. It is spoken in northeastern areas of Hunan, China adjacent to areas where Southwestern Mandarin and Gan are spoken. Under their influence, it has lost some of the conservative phonological characteristics that distinguish Old Xiang. While most linguists follow Yuan Jiahua in describing New Xiang as a subgroup of Xiang Chinese, Zhou Zhenhe and You Rujie classify it as Southwestern Mandarin. However, New Xiang is still very difficult for Mandarin speakers to understand, particularly the old style of New Xiang.
Dialects and regions
New Xiang-speaking cities and counties are mainly located in the northeast part of Hunan, the lower river of Xiang and Zi. The Changsha dialect is representative.[clarification needed] There are three main subdialects under New Xiang.
- Urban Changsha, Changsha County, Wangcheng District, Ningxiang, Liuyang*, Xiangyin, Miluo, Nanxian, Urban Zhuzhou, Zhuzhou County, Urban Xiangtan, Xiangtan County, Nanxian
- Urban Yiyang, Yuanjiang, Taojiang
- Yueyang County, Yueyang
Suantang (酸汤) is a lect spoken by about 80,000 ethnic Miao people in Baibu (白布), Dihu (地湖), Dabaozi (大堡子), and Sanqiao (三锹) in Tianzhu, Huitong, and Jing counties of Hunan province. It is very similar to New Xiang, but it is unintelligible with Southwestern Mandarin.
- Norman, Jerry (1988). Chinese. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 207. ISBN 0-521-22809-3.
- Zhou, Zhenhe 周振鹤; You, Rujie 游汝杰 (1986). Fāngyán yǔ Zhōngguó wénhuà 方言与中国文化 [Dialects and Chinese Culture] (in Chinese). Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe.
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- Chen Qiguang [陈其光] (2013). Miao and Yao language [苗瑶语文]. Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House [民族出版社]. ISBN 9787566003263