Neevin Mosque

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Neevin Mosque
نیویں مسجد
Neevin Masjid 3 (WCLA).jpg
LocationPunjab, Pakistan
StyleIndo-Islamic, Lodi
Completed1460 C.E.

Neevin Mosque, or Neevin Masjid (Urdu: نیویں مسجد), is a 15th-century mosque built during the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. It is located in the ancient Walled City of Lahore, in Pakistan's Punjab province.

Neevin Mosque is notable for its foundation 25 feet below street level. The mosque is further noted for being one of Lahore's few remaining pre-Mughal monuments.


Neevin Mosque is situated within the Walled City of Lahore along a small street named Kucha Dogran. The mosque is located near the historic Lahori Gate, and is near the Chowk Matti square.


The mosque is unusual in that its prayer hall is below street level.

While Lahore is widely known for its Mughal-era monuments, Naveen Mosque is believed to have been built in 1460 C.E. by the Lodi dynasty under the rule of its first king, Bahlul Lodi.[1] The dynasty was founded in Multan in Pakistan's Punjab province, though the founders were of Pashtun extraction. The mosque is believed to have been built by Zulfiqar Khan, who served under Lahore's governor, Haybat Khan.[1]

Unlike the Badshahi Mosque, Sunehri Mosque, and Mariyam Zamani Mosque which were desecrated under Sikh rule,[2][3][4] Neevin Mosque remained untouched.[1] It also was not greatly altered in appearance under Sikh and British rule, although its minarets had to be rebuilt following an earthquake in the early 1900s.[1]


A view of the mosque's interior

From the mosque's entrance on the street, visitors must descend a staircase to access the mosque's prayer hall. The mosque's unusual foundation below street level is atypical for Lahore's other mosques, although at one time there two such mosques - the other near Yakki Gate was rebuilt in the 20th century and is now at street-level.[1] In contrast to usual mosque construction, Hindu temples are sometimes built with subterranean vaults and chambers,[5] leading to speculation that the mosque could have possibly been built upon the remains of an earlier Hindu temple.[1]

The mosque's prayer hall can accommodate approximately 100 worshippers,[1] and is divided into three roughly equally-sized sections. Each section features a short dome typical of the Lodi-style, as well as an archway that opens onto the mosque's central courtyard.[5]


The mosque is run by the local community under the leadership of an Imam.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Dar, Nadeem (5 July 2015). "An architectural wonder, 25 feet under". The News (Pakistan). Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  2. ^ Note: Badshahi was used as horse stables under Sikh rule: Sidhwa, Bapsi (1 January 2005). City of Sin and Splendour: Writings on Lahore. Penguin Books India. ISBN 9780143031666. Retrieved 10 December 2016 – via Google Books. and then damaged by Maharaja Ranjit Singh's son, Sher Singh: "Badshahi Mosque". Archived from the original on 3 December 2014. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  3. ^ Note: Sikh administrators converted the Mariyam Zamani Mosque into a gunpowder factory: "A visual delight – Maryam Zamani and Wazir Khan Mosques". Dawn. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  4. ^ Note: Sunehri Mosque was converted into a Gurudwara after neighbouring Sikh residents complained that the Muslim call to prayer was disturbing them. "The Panjab Past and Present". 22. Department of Punjab Historical Studies, Punjab University. 1988. Retrieved 28 August 2016. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ a b Qureishi, Tania (16 January 2016). "Neevin Masjid – the 8th wonder". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 21 December 2016.