Nazi Boni

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Monument for the Burkinabe politician and writer Nazi Boni in Dédougou, Burkina Faso

Nazi Boni (December 31, 1909, in Bwan, Upper Senegal and Niger – May 16, 1969, in Kokologho, Upper Volta) was a politician from Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso). In 1948 Boni was elected to the French National Assembly on behalf of the Voltaic Union (UV), and was re-elected in 1951 running on the Economic and Social Action in the Interests of Upper Volta list, although he remained a UV member. In 1955 Boni founded the African Popular Movement (MPA) after a split from the UV.[1] In January 1957, Boni's MPA took part in the founding of the African Convention, a pan-African party that later merged into the African Regroupment Party.[2]

From December 1957 to February 1958 Boni served as President of the Territorial Assembly.[3] In 1959 he founded a new party, the Republican Party for Liberty, in opposition to the attempts to make Upper Volta a one-party state under the Voltaic Democratic Union. Boni was forced into exile in Dakar, Senegal.[1]

In 1962, Boni wrote a novel, Le Crépuscule des temps anciens (The Twilight of the Bygone Days), which explored the precolonial existence of the Bwa people and the Volta-Bani War.[4]


  1. ^ a b Englebert, Pierre. La Revolution Burkinabè. Paris: L'Harmattan, 1986.
  2. ^ Zuccarelli, François. La vie politique sénégalaise (1940-1988). Paris: CHEAM, 1988.
  3. ^ Official website of the National Assembly of Burkina Faso
  4. ^ Gikandi, Simon; Michel Tinguiri (2003). Encyclopedia of African literature. Taylor & Francis. p. 102. ISBN 0-415-23019-5.