Nawab Muzaffar Khan

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Nawab Muzaffar Khan (1757 – 2 June 1818) was the last Afghan governor of Multan.

Muzaffar Khan Sadozai
Governor of Multan
Company painting of Nawab Muzaffar Khan Saddozai, the last Afghan ruler of Multan, ca.1865
Died2 June 1818 Multan Fort[1]
FatherShuja Khan

Early life[edit]

Nawab Muzaffar Khan, born in Multan in 1757, was the eldest son of Shuja Khan, the governor of Multan.[2] They were four brothers and one sister. He was well educated in religion, civil administration and warfare. He took part in the affairs of the state at a very young age. He was only 18 years old when his father instructed him to lead a mission to Kabul in January 1775. His mission failed but he got the attention of the Afghan King who fixed 5,000 rupees as his stipend. He commanded with bravery the Afghan contingent during the siege of Multan in February 1775. When Ganda Singh invaded Shujabad, he defended city with great valour. He realised the greedy nature of the Sikh soldiers and gave them some money. He succeeded his father at the age of 18 in Shujabad on October 18, 1775. Nawab Muzaffar Khan could not get Multan until 1780, when he was reinstated by Timur Shah Durrani, King of Kabul, who expelled the Sikhs and appointed Muzaffar Khan as the Governor (Subedar) of Multan. Timur Shah Durrani also gave him the title of Nawab, at the age of 23.[3]

Military career[edit]

In 1817, Maharaja Ranjit Singh sent his army to Multan. The commander of army was Diwan Bhiwani Das. Main purpose of this invasion was to ask Nawab Muzaffar Khan to accept the rule of Sikh Darbar. In 1818, Kharak Singh and Hindu Commander Misr Diwan Chand arms troops lay around Multan without making much initial headway. Maharaja Ranjit Singh sent a large cannon named Zamzama . Though in name, the army was commanded by Kharak Singh but actual command was in the hand of Military genius Misr Diwan Chand. The Maharaja directed his son to pay full attention to the advice of Misr Diwan Chand[4]

Muzaffar urged the majority of the Muslim population of the city of Multan to fight a war against the Sikhs and Hindus. However, the tactics of Nawab Muzaffar Khan failed as the Sikh armies were able to suppress the revolt of the Multan population. In the battle, Misr Diwan Chand led the Sikh armies to victory over Nawab Muzaffar Khan. Muzzafar Khan and seven of his sons were killed before the Multan fort finally fell on June 2, 1818.[5]

By name of Nawab Muzaffar Khan[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "ملتان کا عظیم مسلمان حاکم نواب مظفر خاں شہید". Nawaiwaqt (in Urdu). 2020-06-02. Retrieved 2022-05-01.
  2. ^ "Government Of the Punjab - District Gazetteer - Muzaffargarh District 2019" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Page 1 - Muzaffargarh eGazetteer". Retrieved 2022-04-28.
  4. ^ |Book Title= Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society - Volume 30 - Page 15 |Book Title=The Panjab Past and Present - Volume 14 - Page 195
  5. ^ Tony Jaques (2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: F-O. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 696. ISBN 978-0-313-33538-9. Retrieved 2012-08-11.