Dundee of Bangladesh
|• Deputy Commissioner||Md. Manjurul Hafiz|
|• Total||759.70 km2 (293.32 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,100/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+06:00 (BST)|
Narayanganj District (Bengali: নারায়ণগঞ্জ, romanized: nārāẏaṇagañja) is a district in central Bangladesh which is a part of the Dhaka Division. It is smallest district in Bangladesh.It is home to the ancient city of one of the oldest industrial districts in the country. The district lies on the banks of the Shitalakshya River and the Meghna River. It is an industrial hub and plays an important part in the country's jute trade, plant processing and sector. It is nicknamed the "Dundee of Bangladesh" due to the presence of many jute mills.
Narayanganj had the same history as much of the rest of the Dhaka area. Formerly ruled by the Palas and Senas, the region became part of the Muslim Bengal Sultanate in the 14th century. Sonargaon, the capital of Bengal during the reign of Isa Khan, is in the district. Later the region was taken over by the Mughals as the Bengal Subah. The district is named after Bicon Lal Pandey, a Hindu religious leader who was also known as Benur Thakur or Lakshmi Narayan Thakur. Pandey acquired ownership of the region from the British East India Company in 1766 after the Battle of Plassey. He declared the marketplaces on the banks of the Shitalakshya river as endowed property to pay for expenses for the worship of Narayan. Subsequently, the region was named Narayanganj.
- Important developments
- The post office was established in 1866.
- The Narayanganj municipality was officially founded on 8 September 1876.
- Dhaka–Narayanganj telegraph service was set up in 1877.
- Telephony was introduced by the Bank of Bengal in 1882.
It grew in importance in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, due to the influx of the Portuguese and the English. The first to develop was the west bank of Shitalakshya. Narayanganj only became important in the nineteenth century, when the Rally Brothers started a company exporting jute to the west in 1830, aided by a company from Assam. By 1908, 18 European companies, and two Indian companies were trading in jute from Calcutta.
With the formation of Pakistan in 1947, the economy transformed from being mainly a jute production to including jute milling due to the location of most existing jute mills in India. This followed the establishment of a number of mills in and around Narayanganj that gave the local economy a great boost.
During the War of Independence, the Pakistan Army massacred 139 people in Fatulla Thana on 29 November 1971. Eight days earlier, members of the freedom fighters fought the Pakistan Army in which one fighter was killed.
Formerly a sub-district of the Dhaka District, Narayanganj became a district on 15 February 1984.
Narayanganj Zila consists of 5 upazilas (Narayanganj Sadar, Bandor, Rupganj, Sonargaon and Araihazar), subdivided into 47 unions and 827 mauzas. The areas and populations (at the 2011 Census) of the upazilas are:
|1||Narayanganj Sadar Upazila||10||55||450||100.75 km2||376,550|
|2||Sonargaon Upazila||11||352||899||171.66 km2||400,358|
|3||Bandar Upazila||05||90||780||55.84 km2||312,841|
|4||Araihazar Upazila||12||184||438||183.5 km2||1,323,600|
|5||Rupganj Upazila||09||146||434||247.95 km2||534,868|
There are also 7 police stations here, which are: Narayanganj Sadar, Bandor, Fatulla, Siddhirganj, Rupganj, Sonargaon and Araihazar. All the upazilas have more or less similar characteristics.
- Mayor of Narayanganj City Corporation: Dr. Salina Hayat Ivy
- Chairman of Zila Porishod: Babu Chandan Shil
- Deputy Commissioner (DC): Md. Manjurul Hafiz
- Chairman Of Bandar Upazila: M A RASHID
- Chairman Of Sonargaon Upazila: Advocate Shamsul Islam Bhuiyan
The district pioneered in merchandising yarn and dyeing items. The cottage industry, like weaving, is abundant in this district. International trading, import and export business, shipyard brickfields, etc. create employment opportunities for the people which facilitate additional income to the household population. The small and medium industries of cotton are increasing day-by-day which fills the employment aids to the local people. The rural economy of Narayanganj is mostly based on agriculture. According to Bangladesh Bank, the district is ranked third in the nation in terms of gross national income (GNI) and possession of wealth. Nowadays Network marketing is the best position here. So, the economy of Narayanganj has been increasing day by day and also contributing to nation-building initiatives.
According to the 2022 Census of Bangladesh, Narayanganj District had 1,023,190 households and a population of 3,909,138, 40.5% of whom lived in urban areas. The population density was 5,712 people per km2. The literacy rate (age 7 and over) was 79.1%, compared to the national average of 74.7%.
|Religion||Population (1941): 96–97||Percentage (1941)||Population (2011)||Percentage (2011)|
The district has 95.06% Muslims and 4.89% Hindus. The district of Narayanganj has 3080 mosques, 269 temples, 10 churches and 4 Buddhist temples. Moreover; there is an institute called 'Narayanganj Institute of Islam', which conducts research activities on comparative religions.
Places of interest
- BSCIC Jamdani Village
- The ancient city of Sonargaon was the capital of Isa Khan, a medieval ruler of Bengal. Sonargaon is also famous for producing muslin, a delicate and fine cloth made from cotton.
- The Dhaka-Narayanganj-Demra (DND) embankment surrounds the Narayanganj district and protects it from flooding.
- Shaira Garden near Nazimuddin Bhuiyan Degree College at Madanpur.
- The Bangladesh Engineering and Ship Building Corporation at Sonakanda on the east bank of the Shitalakshya River, established in 1925.
- Zinda Park
Flora and fauna
Almost the whole of Narayanganj district lies on the meander flood plain. Most of this area is now flooded only by rainwater. Only minor areas near the Old Brahmaputra, Meghna, Shitalakshya and Dhaleswari rivers are affected by river water and receive fresh silt deposits. A wide variety of soils occurs in this district.
Mammals that are commonly seen in the district are Indian pipistrelle (Pipistrellus coromandra).
In the river, canals, beels, and ponds there are various kinds of fish, but because of water pollution, it is very hard to see fish in the river.
- Population and Housing Census 2022: Preliminary Report. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. August 2022. pp. viii, 29, 38, 45. ISBN 978-984-35-2977-0.
- Bhuiyan, Mokammal H (2012). "Narayanganj District". In Sirajul Islam; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. OL 30677644M. Retrieved 25 September 2023.
- Mufakharul Islam (2012). "Jute Industry". In Sirajul Islam; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. OL 30677644M. Retrieved 25 September 2023.
- "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011 Zila Report – Narayanganj" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
- "Census of India, 1941 Volume VI Bengal Province" (PDF).