Muzaffargarh District

Coordinates: 30°4′10″N 71°11′39″E / 30.06944°N 71.19417°E / 30.06944; 71.19417
Page protected with pending changes
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Muzaffargarh District
ضِلع مُظفّرگڑھ
Top: Tomb of Sheikh Sadan
Bottom: Fields in Muzaffargarh district
District Government Muzaffargarh
Map of Muzaffargarh District highlighted in red
Map of Muzaffargarh District highlighted in red
Coordinates: 30°4′10″N 71°11′39″E / 30.06944°N 71.19417°E / 30.06944; 71.19417
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
DivisionDera Ghazi Khan
HeadquartersMuzaffargarh
Government
 • TypeDistrict Government
 • Deputy CommissionerAmjad Shoaib Tareen[1]
 • District Police OfficerHassan Iqbal[2]
 • District Health OfficerN/A
Area
 • Total4,778 km2 (1,845 sq mi)
Population
 • Total2,981,048
 • Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Number of Tehsils3
Websitemuzaffargarh.punjab.gov.pk

Muzaffargarh District (Urdu: ضِلع مُظفّرگڑھ) is a district of the Punjab province of Pakistan. Its capital is Muzaffargarh city. It lies on the bank of the Chenab River.

Administration[edit]

The district is administratively divided into the following three tehsils (subdivisions), which contain a total of 93 Union Councils:[4]

Tehsil No. of Unions
Alipur 14
Jatoi 16
Muzaffargarh 35
Total 65

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1951 446,038—    
1961 532,015+1.78%
1972 756,221+3.25%
1981 1,048,243+3.69%
1998 1,827,465+3.32%
2017 2,981,048+2.61%
Sources:[5]

At the time of the 2017 census, Muzaffargarh district had 454,277 households and a population of 2,981,048. Muzaffargarh had a sex ratio of 944 females per 1000 males and a literacy rate of 43.41% - 53.97% for males and 32.31% for females. 444,264 (14.90%) lived in urban areas. 967,074 (32.44%) were under 10 years of age.[3]

Religion in Muzaffargarh District[a]
Religion Population (1941)[6]: 62–63  Percentage (1941) Population (2017) Percentage (2017)
Islam 360,868 86.29% 2,977,231 99.87%
Hinduism [b] 53,458 12.78% 332 0.01%
Sikhism 3,280 0.78%
Christianity 162 0.04% 2,565 0.09%
Ahmadi 845 0.03%
Others [c] 426 0.1% 75 0%
Total Population 418,194 100% 2,981,048 100%

Languages of Muzaffargarh district (2017)[3]

  Saraiki (92.38%)
  Urdu (4.16%)
  Punjabi (2.81%)
  Others (0.65%)

At the time of the 2017 census, 92.38% of the population spoke Saraiki, 4.16% Urdu and 2.81% Punjabi as their first language.[3]

Ethnicity[edit]

The most famous tribes and races are as under; Khar (offshoot of Kharal tribe), Khokhar, Dasti, Qureshi, Jatoi, Hinjra, Langrial, Thahim, Gopang, Bukhari, Gilani, Rajput, Jat and Arian.[7] The major ethnic group are the Saraiki-speaking Jat forming the majority, with Saraiki-speaking Gujjar, Baloch, Rajputs and Pathans groups in minority.[8][9]

History[edit]

Muzzaffargarh was an ancient settlement, inhabited by Mallian people of Multan region. Umayyad Arabs led by Muhammad ibn e Qasim conquered the area in early 8th century spreading Islam in the region.

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.

Muzaffargarh region became a part of the Muslim Ghaurid Sultanate when the Persian noble Sultan Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Ghauri conquered Punjab in 1185. The area slowly developed as medieval town and many Muslim Sufi missionaries converted the local population to Islam.

During the Mughal period population increased and land under cultivation increased. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh Empire invaded and occupied Muzaffargarh region. The Muslims faced restrictions during the Sikh rule.[citation needed] Between 1765 and 1846 Muzaffargarh was occupied by the Sikhs. Two main battles between British and Sikh armies were fought in this district on 22 February 1849 the British declare victory in Punjab.

Foundation as a town

Muzaffargarh was founded in 1794 by the Governor of Multan Nawab Muzaffar Khan. The Meaning of Muzaffargarh is "Fort of Muzaffar" because the old town lies inside the walls of a fort built by Nawab Muzaffar Khan of Multan. Prior to that the place was known by a shop called "Musan Hatti", on the road leading from Multan to Dera Ghazi Khan. In 1861 it became the separate Muzaffargarh District.

After Independence 1947

After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Muzaffargarh District. Muslim refugees from East Punjab, Haryana, Jammu started arriving and crossed the border into Pakistan; many were given land in Muzaffargarh District to settle.

Geography and neighborhood

Muzaffargarh spreads over an area of 8,249 km2 and forms a strip between the Chenab River on its east and Indus River on its west, which pass along the Eastern and Western boundaries respectively of the district and a triangle at Alipur tehsil of the district. The district is bounded on the north by district Layyah, on the south by Bahawalpur and Rahimyar Khan districts across the river Chenab.

Districts Multan and Khanewal are on the eastern side of district Muzaffargarh, across the river Chenab. District Jhang touches it on the northeast. Dera Gahzi Khan and Rajanpur districts lie on the western side across the river Indus. It is one of oldest districts of Punjab. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the population of the district was 2,635,903, of which 12.75% were urban.[10] Muzaffargarh is one of oldest districts of Punjab.

2010 floods

Muzaffargarh was especially hard hit by the 2010 Pakistan floods, given its position between the Chenab and Indus rivers It is spread over an area of 8,249 km2. Muzaffargarh District lies in the strip between the rivers Chenab and Indus.

Geography and climate[edit]

Muzaffargarh
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
7.2
 
 
21
5
 
 
9.5
 
 
23
8
 
 
20
 
 
29
14
 
 
13
 
 
36
20
 
 
9.8
 
 
40
24
 
 
12
 
 
42
29
 
 
61
 
 
39
29
 
 
33
 
 
38
28
 
 
11
 
 
37
25
 
 
1.7
 
 
35
18
 
 
2.3
 
 
29
11
 
 
6.9
 
 
23
6
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: World Meteorological Organization
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
0.3
 
 
70
40
 
 
0.4
 
 
74
46
 
 
0.8
 
 
83
56
 
 
0.5
 
 
96
67
 
 
0.4
 
 
105
76
 
 
0.5
 
 
108
83
 
 
2.4
 
 
103
84
 
 
1.3
 
 
100
82
 
 
0.4
 
 
99
77
 
 
0.1
 
 
94
65
 
 
0.1
 
 
83
52
 
 
0.3
 
 
73
42
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

The city of Muzaffargarh is located in southern Punjab province at almost the exact centre of Pakistan. The closest major city is Multan. The area around the city is a flat, alluvial plain and is ideal for agriculture, with many citrus and mango farms. There are many canals that cut across the Muzaffargarh District, providing water from nearby farms. This makes the land very fertile. However usually land close to the Chenab are usually flooded in the monsoon season.

Climate

Muzaffargarh features an arid climate with very hot summers and mild winters. The city witnesses some of the most extreme weather in the country. The highest recorded temperature is approximately 54 °C (129 °F), and the lowest recorded temperature is approximately −1 °C (30 °F). The average rainfall is roughly 127 millimetres (5.0 in). Dust storms are a common occurrence within the city.

The district's towns include Basti Malik Wala, Taliri, Mauza Bahadur Dawana, Dawana Bahadur Peer Rajan Bukhsh, Kot Addu, Khangarh and Hayat Nagar.

Education[edit]

Although Muzaffargarh is one of the oldest and largest districts of Pakistan by area and population, it still has only a single campus of Virtual University of Pakistan. The literacy rate is one of the lowest in the country.[11] District Muzaffargarh has a total of 1,072 male and 1,009 female public sector schools.[12] According to the School Education Department's data, a total of 5,023 male and 4,130 female teachers are employed in public school education sector of the district.[citation needed]

Forests[edit]

An area of 100,864 acres is forested in the district biggest Lashari wala Forest. There is also linear plantation of 1250 A.V. mile the roads/rails/canals in the district. Trees grown in the area are kikar, shisham, millbury, eucalyptus, bamboo and coconut.

Notable people[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 1941 figures are for Muzaffargarh and Alipur tehsils of Muzaffargarh District, which roughly corresponds to present-day Muzaffargarh district. Historic district borders may not be an exact match in the present-day due to various bifurcations to district borders — which since created new districts — throughout the historic Punjab Province region during the post-independence era that have taken into account population increases.
  2. ^ 1941 census: Including Ad-Dharmis
  3. ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, or not stated

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Administration of Muzaffargarh District". mgarh.com. Archived from the original on 24 December 2017. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  2. ^ "DPO Muzaffargarh District Police". www.mgarh.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d "District Wise Results / Tables (Census - 2017)". www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  4. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Muzaffargarh – Government of Pakistan Archived 2012-02-09 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Population by administrative units 1951-1998" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  6. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI PUNJAB PROVINCE". Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  7. ^ Fiaz, Hafiz Muhammad; Akhtar, Dr Sohail; Rind, Ayaz Ahmad (31 December 2021). "Socio-cultural Condition of South Punjab: A Case of Muzaffargarh District". International Research Journal of Education and Innovation. 2 (3): 15–34. doi:10.53575/irjei.v2.03(21)2.15-34. ISSN 2710-0448.
  8. ^ "Gazetteer of the Muzaffargarh District". Punjab Government Press. 19 June 1884 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ 1998 District Census report of Muzaffargarh. Census publication. Vol. 120. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000. pp. 21–22.
  10. ^ "Urban Resource Centre". urckarachi.org. Archived from the original on 13 May 2006.
  11. ^ "Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey 2014–15 Report".
  12. ^ "Punjab Annual Schools Census Data 2014–15". Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to Muzaffargarh District at Wikimedia Commons