Muttahida Qaumi Movement – Pakistan

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Muttahida Qaumi Movement (Pakistan)
متحدہ قومی موومنٹ(پاکستان)
United National Movement (Pakistan)
AbbreviationMQM-P
ConvenerKhalid Maqbool Siddiqui
Deputy ConvenerAmir Khan
FounderFarooq Sattar
Founded23 August 2016 (6 years ago) (2016-08-23)
Split fromMuttahida Qaumi Movement – London
Preceded byMuttahida Qaumi Movement
HeadquartersBahadurabad, Karachi
Student wingAPMSO
(Pakistan faction)[1][2]
Charity WingKhidmat-e-Khalq Foundation[3]
IdeologyPakistani nationalism[1]
Muhajir nationalism[4]
Social liberalism[5]
Secularism[6]
Political positionCentre-left[7]
National affiliationPakistan Democratic Movement
ColorsRed, green and white
   
Senate
3 / 100
National Assembly
7 / 342
Sindh Assembly
21 / 168
Election symbol
Kite
Kite.svg
Party flag
Flag of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement.svg

Muttahida Qaumi Movement (Pakistan)[8] (Urdu: متحدہ قومی موومنٹ (پاکستان) Muttaḥidah Qọ̄mī Mūwmaṅṫ Pākistān abbr. MQM-P) is a Liberal Muhajir nationalist Secular political party.[8][1] The leader of the party is Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui.[8] The party's symbol is the kite. It is mostly active in Karachi where up to majority of Muhajirs currently reside.[9] The party aims to represent the Human rights of Muhajirs in Pakistan through peaceful and democratic struggle.[10] The Party is the spliter faction of Muttahida Qaumi Movement – London.[11]

History[edit]

The party came into existence due to a split within the Muttahida Qaumi Movement, and was founded as a separate party by Farooq Sattar, who split it from MQM founder and leader Altaf Hussain. The faction was announced after Sattar's release from custody by the Pakistan Rangers, a paramilitary organization.[12]

Election campaigns[edit]

MQM-P participated in two major by-elections since its formation, but was defeated in both.[13][14]

Senate of Pakistan[edit]

Election Leader Seats Position Resulting Coalition
# ±
2018 Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui
5 / 104
Increase 1 5th Opposition coalition
2021 Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui
3 / 100
Decrease 2 6th Opposition coalition

National Assembly[edit]

Election Leader Votes Seats Position Resulting Coalition
# % # ±
2018 Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui 733,245 1.38
7 / 342
Decrease 17 8th PTI coalition

Sindh Assembly[edit]

Election Leader Votes Seats Position Resulting Coalition
2018 Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui 773,951 -
21 / 165
Decrease 31 3rd Opposition coalition

Merger with PSP[edit]

On 8 November 2017, MQM Pakistan and Pak Sarzameen Party announced an "establishment-sponsored"[15][16] merger.[17][18][19]

Party desertion[edit]

Many MQM lawmakers left the Sattar faction, including deputy mayor Arshad Vohra.[20][21][22][23][24]

PIB vs Bahadurabad faction[edit]

MQM-Pakistan further divided into the Farooq Sattar (PIB) and Bahadurabad factions.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The all influential APMSO is now a shadow of its former self". The News International (newspaper). 15 June 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  2. ^ "MQM-P denies PPP's claim of several APMSO activists joining it". The News International (newspaper). 26 April 2021. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  3. ^ "MQM-P revives charity wing to help lockdown affectees". Geo News. 2 April 2020. Retrieved 18 September 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ "Farooq Sattar's MQM struggles to step out of Altaf's shadow - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 15 October 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Explainer: Pakistan's main political parties". Aljazeera.com. 6 May 2013.
  6. ^ Cohen, Stephen P. (2011), "Pakistan: Arrival and Departure", The future of Pakistan, The Brookings Institution, p. 22, The avowedly secular Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM)...
  7. ^ "Explainer: Pakistan's main political parties". Aljazeera.com. 6 May 2013.
  8. ^ a b c "LIST OF ENLISTED POLITICAL PARTIES" (PDF). www.ecp.gov.pk. Election Commission of Pakistan. Retrieved 21 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) Cite error: The named reference ":ECP List" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  9. ^ "Centralised state and ethnic discontent | Political Economy | thenews.com.pk". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 15 August 2022.
  10. ^ Paracha, Nadeem F. (23 August 2018). "Born to run: The rise and leveling of the MQM". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 15 August 2022.
  11. ^ "Farooq Sattar's MQM struggles to step out of Altaf's shadow - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 15 October 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  12. ^ "Farooq Sattar's MQM struggles to step out of Altaf's shadow - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 15 October 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  13. ^ "Clash erupts among MQM workers after PS-114 defeat - Pakistan - Dunya News". dunyanews.tv. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  14. ^ "PS-127: MQM Pakistan loses first battle after 'disconnect' from London". www.geo.tv. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  15. ^ Dawn.com (11 November 2017). "Establishment brokered MQM-PSP alliance meet at Sattar's request: Mustafa Kamal".
  16. ^ Dawn.com (11 November 2017). "MQM-P leaders, supporters pay respects at 'Martyrs' Monument' in Karachi".
  17. ^ Ali, Dawn.com | Imtiaz (8 November 2017). "'One manifesto, one symbol, one party': MQM, PSP announce plans for 2018 elections". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  18. ^ Khosa, Tariq (22 February 2016). "Power of the establishment".
  19. ^ "Democracy versus 'the establishment' in Pakistan".
  20. ^ "Another MQM lawmaker jumps ship to join Kamal-led PSP". Daily Pakistan Global. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  21. ^ "Ali Raza Abidi quits MQM-P". www.geo.tv. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  22. ^ "MQM-P all set to seek ex-party MPs de-seating". The Nation. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  23. ^ "MQM-Pakistan's Arshad Vohra joins Pak Sarzameen Party - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 29 October 2017. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  24. ^ "Several MQM-P members likely to join PPP - Pakistan - Dunya News". Dunya News. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  25. ^ "Sattar, Amir lead separate MQM-P sessions after differences over Senate tickets". ARYNEWS. Retrieved 6 February 2018.

External links[edit]