Muttahida Qaumi Movement – Pakistan

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Muttahida Qaumi Movement (Pakistan)
متحدہ قومی موومنٹ(پاکستان)
United National Movement (Pakistan)
AbbreviationMQM-P
LeaderKhalid Maqbool Siddiqui
ConvenerKhalid Maqbool Siddiqui[1]
Senior Deputy Convener(s)Syed Mustafa Kamal[1][2]
Farooq Sattar[1][2]
Nasreen Jalil[1][2]
Amir Khan[1][2]
Deputy Convener(s)Anis Kaimkhani[1][2]
Waseem Akhtar[1]
Abdul Waseem[1]
Khawaja Izharul Hassan[1]
FounderFarooq Sattar
Founded23 August 2016 (2016-08-23)
Split fromMuttahida Qaumi Movement – London
Preceded byMuttahida Qaumi Movement
HeadquartersBahadurabad, Karachi
Student wingAPMSO
(Pakistan faction)[3][4]
Charity WingKhidmat-e-Khalq Foundation[5]
Youth WingMohajir Youth Movement
IdeologyPakistani nationalism[3]
Muhajir nationalism[6]
Social liberalism[7]
Secularism[8]
Political positionCentre-left[7]
National affiliationPakistan Democratic Movement
ColorsRed, green and white
   
SloganEmpowering People
Senate
3 / 100
National Assembly
22 / 336
Sindh Assembly
36 / 168
Election symbol
Kite
Party flag
Website
mqmpakistan.net

Muttahida Qaumi Movement (Pakistan)[9] (Urdu: متحدہ قومی موومنٹ (پاکستان) Muttahidah Qọ̄mī Mūvmaṅṫ Pākistān abbr. MQM-P) is a social liberal, Muhajir nationalist, and secularist political party.[10][3] The leader of the party is Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui[9] The party's symbol is the kite. It is mostly active in Karachi where up to majority of Muhajirs currently reside.[11] The party aims to represent the Human rights of Muhajirs in Pakistan through peaceful and democratic struggle.[12] The Party is a splinter faction of Muttahida Qaumi Movement – London.[6]

History

The party came into existence due to a split within the Muttahida Qaumi Movement, and was founded as a separate party by Farooq Sattar, who split it from MQM founder and leader Altaf Hussain. The faction was announced after Sattar's release from custody by the Pakistan Rangers a paramilitary organization.[6]

Election campaigns

MQM-P participated in two major by-elections since its formation, but was defeated in both.[13][14]

Senate of Pakistan

Election Leader Seats Position Resulting Coalition
# ±
2018 Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui
5 / 104
Increase 1 5th Opposition coalition
2021 Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui
3 / 100
Decrease 2 6th Opposition coalition

National Assembly

Election Leader Votes Seats Position Resulting Coalition
# % # ±
2018 Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui 733,245 1.38
7 / 342
Decrease 17 8th PTI coalition (2018–2022)
PDM coalition (2022–2023)

Sindh Assembly

Election Leader Votes Seats Position Resulting Coalition
# %
2018 Khawaja Izharul Hassan 773,951 7.65
21 / 165
3rd Opposition coalition

Merger with PSP

On 8 November 2017, MQM Pakistan and Pak Sarzameen Party announced an "establishment-sponsored"[15][16] merger.[17][18][19] However it took a long time before PSP merger was announced by Mustafa Kamal during a MQM convention with Farooq Sattar and Khalid Maqbool on January 12, 2023 before 2023 local government elections in Sindh.[20][21][22]

Party desertion

Many MQM lawmakers left the Sattar faction in the past, including deputy mayor Arshad Vohra.[23][24][25][26][27]

PIB vs Bahadurabad faction

MQM-Pakistan was further divided into the Farooq Sattar (PIB) and Bahadurabad factions.[28]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Leadership". mqmpakistan.net. Retrieved 9 November 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Kamal, Sattar get new roles in unified MQM-P". Dawn (newspaper). 3 February 2023.
  3. ^ a b c "The all influential APMSO is now a shadow of its former self". The News International (newspaper). 15 June 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  4. ^ "MQM-P denies PPP's claim of several APMSO activists joining it". The News International (newspaper). 26 April 2021. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  5. ^ "MQM-P revives charity wing to help lockdown affectees". Geo News. 2 April 2020. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  6. ^ a b c "Farooq Sattar's MQM struggles to step out of Altaf's shadow – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 15 October 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Explainer: Pakistan's main political parties". Aljazeera.com. 6 May 2013.
  8. ^ Cohen, Stephen P. (2011). Pakistan: Arrival and Departure. The Brookings Institution. p. 22. The avowedly secular Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM)... {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  9. ^ a b "List of Enlisted Political Parties" (PDF). www.ecp.gov.pk. Election Commission of Pakistan. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  10. ^ "List of Enlisted Political Parties" (PDF). www.ecp.gov.pk. Election Commission of Pakistan. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  11. ^ "Centralised state and ethnic discontent". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 15 August 2022.
  12. ^ Paracha, Nadeem F. (23 August 2018). "Born to run: The rise and leveling of the MQM". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 15 August 2022.
  13. ^ "Clash erupts among MQM workers after PS-114 defeat – Pakistan – Dunya News". dunyanews.tv. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  14. ^ "PS-127: MQM Pakistan loses first battle after 'disconnect' from London". www.geo.tv. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Establishment brokered MQM-PSP alliance meet at Sattar's request: Mustafa Kamal". 11 November 2017.
  16. ^ "MQM-P leaders, supporters pay respects at 'Martyrs' Monument' in Karachi". 11 November 2017.
  17. ^ "'One manifesto, one symbol, one party': MQM, PSP announce plans for 2018 elections". DAWN.COM. 8 November 2017. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  18. ^ Khosa, Tariq (22 February 2016). "Power of the establishment".
  19. ^ "Democracy versus 'the establishment' in Pakistan". lubpak.com.
  20. ^ "Farooq Sattar, Mustafa Kamal join ranks of MQM-P in bid to reinvigorate party". The Nation. 12 January 2023. Retrieved 12 January 2023.
  21. ^ "Sattar, Kamal likely to join MQM-P today". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 12 January 2023.
  22. ^ Dawn.com (12 January 2023). "MQM factions reunite ahead of local govt elections in Karachi, Hyderabad". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 12 January 2023.
  23. ^ "Another MQM lawmaker jumps ship to join Kamal-led PSP". Daily Pakistan Global. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  24. ^ "Ali Raza Abidi quits MQM-P". www.geo.tv. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  25. ^ "MQM-P all set to seek ex-party MPs de-seating". The Nation. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  26. ^ "MQM-Pakistan's Arshad Vohra joins Pak Sarzameen Party – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 29 October 2017. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  27. ^ "Several MQM-P members likely to join PPP – Pakistan – Dunya News". Dunya News. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  28. ^ "Sattar, Amir lead separate MQM-P sessions after differences over Senate tickets". ARYNEWS. Retrieved 6 February 2018.

External links