Muse Bihi Abdi
موسى بيحي عبدي
|5th President of Somaliland|
|Assumed office |
13 December 2017
|Vice President||Abdirahman Saylici|
|Preceded by||Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud|
|Chairman of Peace, Unity, and Development Party|
31 December 2010 – 21 August 2023 
|Preceded by||Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud|
|Succeeded by||Mohamed Kahin Ahmed|
|Minister of Interior|
|President||Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal|
|Preceded by||Suleiman Mohamoud Adan|
|Succeeded by||Ahmed Jaambiir Suldan|
|Born||1948 (age 74–75)|
Hargeisa, British Somaliland
|Political party||Peace, Unity, and Development Party|
|Spouse(s)||Zahra Abdilahi Absia |
Roda Ahmed Omar
|Alma mater||University of Hargeisa|
Musa Bihi Abdi (Somali: Muuse Biixi Cabdi, Arabic: موسى بيحي عبدي) (born 1948 in Hargeisa, British Somaliland, now Somaliland) is a Somaliland politician and former military officer who has been President of Somaliland since December 2017. During the 1970s, he served as a pilot in the Somali Air Force under the Siad Barre administration. In 2010, Bihi was appointed the chairman of the ruling Kulmiye of Republic of Somaliland. In November 2015, Bihi was selected as the party's Presidential Candidate at the 5th annual central committee convention.
He joined the Somali Air Force in 1970 and trained to be an officer in the Soviet Union until 1973, where he graduated with a bachelor's degree from the Academy of Pilots in Dushanbe, modern-day Tajikistan. Upon the completion of the training he was stationed in air bases in Baledogle, Baidoa as well as the air force's main base in Mogadishu.
From 1981 to 1985 Muse Bihi received further military training in the United States, including at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio from 1981 to 1982, as well as Fort Lee in Virginia from 1983 to 1985.
In 1985, he defected from the Somali Army and joined the rebel Somali National Movement (SNM) that eventually helped to successfully oust the Somali dictator's regime during the Somaliland War of Independence in 1991.
From 1985 to 1988 Bihi took part in conducting intensive guerrilla war operations conducted by the SNM during the Somaliland War of Independence against the Siad Barre regime. Until 1990, Bihi served as rebel commander before joining politics and serving as home affairs minister under the late President Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal in 1994.
Somali Democratic Republic
From 1973 to 1985 Muse Bihi held high ranking positions in the government of the Somali Democratic Republic, including the head of the training department of the Somali Air Force as well as the military attaché of the Somali embassy in Washington.
After the rebirth and declaration of Independence of Somaliland in 1991, Col. Muse Bihi Abdi played a vital role in the reconciliation process of the Somaliland clans in Burao, Berbera, Sheekh and Borama.
In 2010, Bihi became the chairman of Somaliland's Kulmiye Party, after serving as the vice chairman of the party from 2008. In 2015, Bihi was elected by the Party Congress as the Kulmiye presidential candidate in the forthcoming 2017 presidential election.
President of Somaliland
2017 presidential election
Muse Bihi Abdi was officially sworn in as the 5th President of the Republic of Somaliland on 13 December 2017 in the capital Hargeisa with dignitaries from Ethiopia, Djibouti, the European Union and the United Kingdom in attendance.
Muse Bihi has two wives and seven children, three sons and four daughters.
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- "UNSOM CONGRATULATES MR. MUSE BIHI ABDI ON HIS ELECTION AS PRESIDENT OF "SOMALILAND"". UNSOM. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
- AfricaNews (2017-12-13). "Somaliland hailed as it swears in new president". Africanews. Retrieved 2019-05-08.
- "Abiy holds talks with President of Somaliland Administration". Nazret. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
- "Somaliland gets the red carpet". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 18 April 2020.