Mumtaz Bhutto

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Mumtaz Bhutto
ممتاز علی بھٹو
8th Governor of Sindh
In office
22 December 1971 – 20 April 1972
PresidentZulfikar Ali Bhutto
Preceded byLt Gen Rakhman Gul And Irfan Soomro
Succeeded byMir Rasool Bux Talpur
13th Chief Minister of Sindh
In office
1 May 1972 – 20 December 1973
GovernorMir Rasool Bux Talpur
Preceded byM. A. Khuhro
Succeeded byGhulam Mustafa Jatoi
Personal details
Born(1933-11-28)28 November 1933
Pir Bux Bhutto, Larkana District, Sindh, British India
(now Pakistan)
Died18 July 2021(2021-07-18) (aged 87)[1]
Karachi, Pakistan
Political partyPakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (2017–2021)
Other political
affiliations
Pakistan Peoples Party (1967–1989)
Sindh National Front (1989–2017)
RelationsAmir Bux Bhutto (son)
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (cousin)
Shah Nawaz Bhutto (uncle)
Ghulam Murtaza Bhutto (grandfather)
Parent(s)Nabi Bux Khan Bhutto (father)
Residence(s)Sindh
ProfessionChief of Bhutto Tribe, Politician

Mumtaz Ali Khan Bhutto (Urdu: ممتاز علی بھٹو, Sindhi: ممتاز علي ڀٽو) (28 November 1933[2] – 18 July 2021), was a Pakistani politician who served as 8th Governor of Sindh and later the 13th Chief Minister of Sindh. He was also the first cousin of late Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, who was the Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977.

Personal life[edit]

Mumtaz Ali Bhutto was born on 28 November 1933 in the village of Pir Bux Bhutto, Larkana District, Sindh, British Raj. Before the partition his father Nawab Nabi Bux Khan Bhutto was a member of the legislative assembly and had a strong political background.

Bhutto attended St George's College in Mussoorie and then Lawrence College, Murree, after the independence of Pakistan. He earned his barrister degree from Lincoln's Inn, and undergraduate and master's degrees in 1959 from Oxford University in the United Kingdom.

He had four children including politician Ameer Bux Bhutto and journalist Ali Haider Bhutto.[3]

Political career[edit]

Bhutto became a member of the National Assembly at the age of 32 years on 5 March 1965. When he and his cousin Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announced a new political party, Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) on 30 March 1967, he also became the founding member and principal executive committee member of the party.

He and his cousin Zulfikar Ali Bhutto fought the election of 17 March 1970 against Muhammad Ayub Khuhro and Qazi Fazlullah Ubaidullah. He earned a victory against Qazi Fazlullah.[citation needed]

His cousin, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, became the first democratically elected Prime Minister of Pakistan and Mumtaz Ali Bhutto became Governor of Sindh on 24 December 1971, then Chief Minister of Sindh Province on 1 May 1972. His cousin always used to call him a "talented cousin".[citation needed]

Citing differences with Benazir Bhutto, Bhutto split from Pakistan Peoples Party and created his own party, Sindh National Front (SNF) in 1989.[4] In May 2012, prior to the 2013 Pakistani general election, he announced his party's alliance with the Pakistan Muslim League (N) (PML-N).[5] In August 2016, Bhutto quit the PML-N and revived the Sindh National Front.[6] In November 2017, prior to the 2018 Pakistani general election, he merged SNF with the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf.[7]

Chief Ministership[edit]

As a Chief Minister, he announced Sindhi language as the official language of the Province. Sindhi Language Bill, 1972 was introduced by the Chief Minister Mumtaz Bhutto on 3 July 1972, in the Sindh Assembly, Pakistan.[8] The 1972 Language violence in Sindh occurred starting on 7 July 1972, when the Sindh Assembly passed The Sind Teaching, Promotion and Use of Sindhi Language Bill, 1972 which established Sindhi language as the sole official language of the province resulting in language violence in Sindh. Due to the clashes, Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, compromised and announced that Urdu and Sindhi will both be official languages of Sindh. The making of Sindhi as an equal language to Urdu for official purposes frustrated the Urdu-speaking people as they did not speak the Sindhi language.[9] On 7 March 1977 he won a National Assembly seat and became a Federal Minister. In the year of 1977, his cousin nominated him as president of 'PPP-Sindh'. He was arrested[10] during the struggle against the arrest of his cousin and then exiled by General Zia's government. On 31 March 1985 he announced a new political Alliance named "Sindhi–Baloch–Pashtun Front" at London to propagate ethnic nationalism in Pakistan. He also announced support for a new constitutional framework for Pakistan as a weak federation. He became the convenor of the alliance for Pakistan, returned to Pakistan, and once again was arrested by the military government of Zia. On 31 March 1989, he called the workers' convention at Hyderabad Sindh and announced a new political party named 'Sindh National Front'. He was elected to a seat in the provincial assembly from Larkana on 6 October 1993. On 6 November 1996, he became the caretaker Chief Minister of Sindh.

Political views[edit]

Mumtaz Bhutto has been a critic of Asif Ali Zardari who he accused of corruption and usurping the Pakistan Peoples Party by using the Bhutto family name to gain power.[11]

Death[edit]

Mumtaz Bhutto was suffering from multiple diseases in lungs and cardiac issues and he was admitted in a private Hospital of Karachi. He expired on 18 Jul 2021 at Karachi and he was buried at his native graveyard at Larkana.[12]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • "I like to get involved in my job and give it my best: Mumtaz Ali Bhutto". India Today. 15 August 1978.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Former CM Sindh Mumtaz Bhutto passes away". Geo News. 18 July 2021.
  2. ^ Sardar Mamtaz Ali Khan Bhutto Archived 31 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Former Sindh CM Mumtaz Ali Bhutto passes away in Karachi". Dawn. 18 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Mumtaz Bhutto Profile". Pak Voter. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Mumtaz Bhutto reinvents himself, acts to strengthen anti-PPP front". Dawn. 11 May 2012.
  6. ^ "Mumtaz Bhutto quits PML-N, revives Sindh National Front". Geo News. 16 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Mumtaz Bhutto's Sindh National Front merges with PTI". Dawn. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  8. ^ "1972 riots: Was it a language issue?". Herald (Pakistan). 23 September 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  9. ^ "A leaf from history: Language frenzy in Sindh". Dawn. 6 October 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  10. ^ "Bhutto Is Reported Arrested Again". The New York Times. 17 September 1977. Reuters, quoting reliable sources in Islamabad, said the others arrested ineluded former Finance Minister Abdul Hafeez Pirzada and Communications Minister Mumtaz Bhutto the former, prime minister's cousin.
  11. ^ "'Zardaris' have taken over PPP, says Mumtaz Bhutto". Daily Times. 18 July 2018. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  12. ^ "Mumtaz Ali Bhutto". Retrieved 1 December 2021.
Political offices
Preceded by
Rakhman Gul
Governor of Sindh
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Mir Rasool Bux Talpur
Preceded by Chief Minister of Sindh
1972–1973
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Minister of Sindh (caretaker)
1996–1997
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief of Bhutto Tribe
1979–2021
Vacant