Muhammad Habibur Rahman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Habibur Rahman
মুহাম্মদ হাবিবুর রহমান
Rahman in 2011
Acting Prime Minister of Bangladesh
In office
31 March 1996 – 23 June 1996
PresidentAbdur Rahman Biswas
Preceded byKhaleda Zia
Succeeded bySheikh Hasina
7th Chief Justice of Bangladesh
In office
1 February 1995 – 30 April 1995
Appointed byAbdur Rahman Biswas
PresidentAbdur Rahman Biswas
Prime MinisterKhaleda Zia
Preceded byShahabuddin Ahmed
Succeeded byA. T. M. Afzal
Personal details
Born(1928-12-03)3 December 1928
Murshidabad, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died11 January 2014(2014-01-11) (aged 85)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Political partyIndependent
Alma materUniversity of Dhaka
University of Oxford

Muhammad Habibur Rahman (3 December 1928 – 11 January 2014) was a Chief Justice of Bangladesh Supreme Court in 1995.[1] He was the Chief Adviser of the 1996 caretaker government which oversaw the Seventh parliamentary elections in Bangladesh.[1] He was a faculty member at the Department of Law, University of Rajshahi and University of Dhaka. Besides, being a language activist, advocate of the Bengali language, he wrote extensively and published eight books on the subject.[2] He played a significant role to implement Bengali in the Supreme Court of Bangladesh.[3] He wrote Jathashabdo (1974), the first thesaurus in the Bengali language.[4]

Rahman was awarded Bangla Academy Literary Award in 1984 and Ekushey Padak in 2007 by the Government of Bangladesh. He served as a Fellow of Bangla Academy, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh and Worcester College, Oxford.[1]


Rahman was educated in Kolkata, Dhaka, Oxford and London. He attended the University of Dhaka[1] and was an activist in the Bengali Language Movement.[5]


Rahman began his career as a lecturer in history of Dhaka University in 1952. Later he joined Department of Law, University of Rajshahi where he subsequently held the office of Dean of the Faculty of Law (1961) and of Reader in History (1962–64). He changed his profession in 1964 when he took to law and joined the Dhaka High Court Bar. In his legal career, he held the offices of Assistant Advocate General (1969), Vice President of High Court Bar Association (1972) and member of Bangladesh bar council(1972).[1]


Rahman was an author of seventy books in Bengali on law, language, literature, poetry and religion and five books in English, including two books of verse. Law of Requisition (1966), Rabindra Prabandhey Sanjna O Parthakya Bichar (1968), Jatha-sabda (1974), Matri-bhashar Sapakshey Rabindranath (1983), Qur'an-sutra (1984), Bachan O Prabachan (1985), Gangariddhi thekey Bangladesh (1985), Rabindra Rachanar Rabindra-byaksha (1986), Rabindra-kabyey Art, Sangeet O Sahitya (1986), Koran-shorif Sorol Banganubad, On Rights and Remedies, Amara ki Jabo-na Tader Kachhey Jara Shudhu Banglai Katha Baley (1996).


Rahman made notable contributions to the Language Movement, 21 February 1952 of the then East Pakistan. He was the first person to break the Section 144 lead the first batch of a procession and was arrested soon after that. On that day, the police and parliamentary forces resorted to widespread tear gas shelling, clubbing and finally shooting. Consequently, several students were killed, hundreds were injured and thousands were arrested.


On 11 January 2014, at the age of 85, Rahman died at United Hospital, Gulshan, Dhaka.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Khan, Muazzam Hussain (2012). "Rahman, Justice Muhammad Habibur". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  2. ^ Anisuzzaman (2014-03-24). মুহাম্মদ হাবিবুর রহমান. কালি ও কলম (in Bengali). Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  3. ^ Khan, Salimullah (2014-01-12). বিচারপতি হাবিবুর রহমান: মহাপ্রয়াণের পর. (in Bengali). Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  4. ^ "Remembering Justice Muhammad Habibur Rahman". The Daily Star. 2019-01-15. Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  5. ^ "Habibur Rahman passes away". 11 January 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2017.