Muhajir Province

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Muhajir Province
مہاجر صوبہ
Red (Majority Urdu speaking regions), Yellow (Minority Urdu speaking regions)
Red (Majority Urdu speaking regions), Yellow (Minority Urdu speaking regions)
Country Pakistan
Largest cityKarachi
 • Total16,643,045[1]
Time zoneUTC+05:00 (PST)
Main Language(s)Urdu
Notable sports teamsKarachi Kings

The Muhajir Province is a proposed province in pakistan for the ethnic muhajir people. Who migrated from India during the Partition and majority of them is settled in sindh province of Pakistan rather then the other provinces of Pakistan. This movement is backed by a Muhajir pan-nationalist political and ethnic movement seeking to establish a separate province in Karachi, Sindh which seeks to represent the Muhajir people of Pakistan.[2][3] Muhajir province will consist of Muhajir-majority areas of Sindh which would either be autonomous or either independent from Sindh government.


In 1954, the Muhajir Politician Mahmud-ul-Haq Usmani proposed the Muhajir Province and demanded Karachi as an separate province for Muhajirs.[4] This idea was later revived by Muhajir nationalist Politician Altaf Hussain the founder and leader of Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) which is currently active as an Muttahida Qaumi Movement – London (MQM-L).[5]

Ethnic violence[edit]

Since 1954 the tensions raised between the Sindhis and Muhajirs over province as both are the main ethnic groups of karachi, the Sindhi nationalists strongly opposed the Muhajir Province movement and in 1988 thousands of Muhajirs killed in Hyderabad, Sindh by Sindhi nationalists for demanding separate province in Sindh. Altaf Hussain blamed Pakistani establishment and Pakistan's main intelligence agency for orchestrating the massacre he believed that the Sindhi nationalists are sponsored by establishment to suppressed the muhajir province movement, however the government denied the allegations of Altaf and condemned the massacre.[6][7]

Mystery Movement (2012)[edit]

In 2012 there was an unexplained, mysterious, political development in Karachi, and partly in Hyderabad, where a hitherto unknown organisation has started a campaign for the creation of a separate province. It began with some wall chalking (graffiti) on the main thoroughfares for a ‘muhajir suba’.[8]

State operation against MQM for promoting violence against state[edit]

On 11 March 2015, Pakistan Rangers carried out a raid at Nine Zero, the headquarters of MQM in Nine Zero, Karachi as well as the party’s public secretariat, Khursheed Begum Memorial Hall, recovered small and heavy weapons and arrested over 100+ activists of MQM.[9] In August 2016, after the Altaf Hussain's 22 August hate speech against Pakistan leds riots and unrest the Government of Pakistan declared MQM as an proscribed party and military launched crack down on the party leadership and party headquarters in Nine Zero, Karachi was sealed by military and Pakistan Rangers the party's leaders including Farooq Sattar were arrested and disappeared by Pakistan Rangers and intelligence agencies, and most elected parliamentarians in the MQM were forced to disassociate themselves from Altaf Hussain. MQM-L terminated the Farooq Sattar's party membership for party rules violations,which resulted in him forming his own separate "establishment-sponsored" party faction Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan (MQM-P) after release from custody by the Pakistan Rangers.[10] MQM-P also supports the idea of Muhajir Province through peaceful and democratic struggle opposing violence.


  1. ^ PakistanToday. "Ten major cities' population up by 74pc | Pakistan Today". Retrieved 2023-01-30.
  2. ^ "Altaf for 'Sindh One' and 'Sindh Two'". Jan 5, 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  3. ^ Z, Ali (January 4, 2014). "New province: Altaf Hussain kicks up a firestorm". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  4. ^ Paracha, Nadeem F. (2019-01-13). "SMOKERS' CORNER: THE EVOLUTION OF MOHAJIR CONSCIOUSNESS". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2023-01-29.
  5. ^ (2014-01-03). "Altaf threatens separate province for Urdu speaking Sindhis". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2023-02-02.
  6. ^ "Phony Nobel Prize nominee linked to leader of Controversial Pakistan political group deported". US Fed News Service  – via HighBeam (subscription required). 20 November 2006. Archived from the original on 11 June 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  7. ^ Zaidi, S. Akbar (1991). "Sindhi vs Mohajir in Pakistan: Contradiction, Conflict, Compromise". Economic and Political Weekly. 26 (20): 1295–1302. ISSN 0012-9976. JSTOR 4398031.
  8. ^ Newspaper, From the (2012-05-20). "'Muhajir Suba' movement shrouded in mystery". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2023-02-02.
  9. ^ "27 MQM workers arrested in Nine Zero raid presented in ATC". Geo TV News website. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  10. ^ "MQM London dismisses Farooq Sattar from party's primary membership — Pakistan — Dunya News". Retrieved 2016-10-14.