mpv (media player)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Original author(s)Vincent Lang,[1] MPlayer and mplayer2 developers
Initial releaseAugust 7, 2013; 9 years ago (2013-08-07)[2]
Stable release
0.35.1[3] Edit this on Wikidata / 28 January 2023
Written inC, Objective-C, Lua[4]
  • FFmpeg
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Operating systemBSD-based, Linux, macOS, Windows
PlatformARM, PowerPC, x86 / IA-32, x86-64, and MIPS architecture[5]
SizeSource code: 2.9 MB (tar.gz)
TypeMedia player
LicenseGPLv2+, parts under LGPLv2.1+, some optional parts under GPLv3[6] Edit this at Wikidata

mpv is free and open-source media player software based on MPlayer, mplayer2 and FFmpeg. It runs on several operating systems, including Unix-like operating systems (Linux, BSD-based, macOS) and Microsoft Windows, along with having an Android port called mpv-android.[7] It is cross-platform, running on ARM, PowerPC, x86/IA-32, x86-64, and MIPS architecture.[5]


mpv was forked by Vincent Lang, also known as wm4, in 2012 from mplayer2, which was forked in 2010 from MPlayer.[8] The motive for the fork was to encourage developer activity by removing unmaintainable code and dropping support for very old systems. As a result, the project had a large influx of contributions.[9]

Since June 2015, the project's source code is in the process of being relicensed from GNU General Public License version 2 (GPLv2) or later to GNU Lesser General Public License version 2.1 (LGPLv2.1) or later to allow using mpv as a library in more applications.[10]

Changes from MPlayer[edit]

mpv has had several notable changes[11] since it was forked from MPlayer; the most user-visible being the addition of an on-screen-controller (OSC) minimal GUI integrated with mpv to offer basic mouse-controllability. This was intended to make interaction easier for new users and to enable precise and direct seeking.

  • Audio scaling algorithm
    The player is equipped with a scaletempo2 parameter for speed changing at constant pitch, for which it uses the Waveform Similarity Overlap-and-add (WSOLA) algorithm, citing more smoothness than the original scaletempo used in the original mplayer, and rubberband.[16]
  • Improved client API
    Beyond working as a stand-alone media player, mpv is designed to be used directly by other applications through a library interface called libmpv. This required making all mpv code thread safe. An example of an application which uses libmpv is Plex.[17] This form of player control, along with a JSON IPC mechanism, replaces MPlayer's "slave mode".
  • Encoding subsystem
    mpv includes a new video encoding mode that can be used to save files being played under different formats. This allows mpv to work as a transcoder, supporting many video formats.[18] This feature serves as a direct replacement for the MEncoder component of MPlayer, which was a separate program rather than being built into the player.
  • Lua scripting
    mpv's behavior and functions are customizable via use of small programs written in the Lua scripting language, which can be used for tasks like cropping video, providing a graphical user interface (GUI) or automatically adjusting the display's refresh rate.[19]

Removed functions[edit]

  • all support for VCD discs

Interface and graphical front-ends[edit]

Like the original MPlayer, mpv is still primarily a command-line application although it has a more advanced user interface than MPlayer that can use not only the keyboard but also the mouse for mpv’s on screen controller (OSC). However, this OSC is still not a full-featured GUI, and there are a number of front-ends available, which use GUI widgets for Qt, GTK, or some other widget toolkit to give mpv a more complete graphical interface.

The following are all open source front-ends of mpv (based on "libmpv" or the command-line version of mpv) which try to provide more features and more user-friendly interface than mpv, and/or better integration with various operating systems or desktop environments.[20]

  • Baka MPlayer - media player on Windows, Linux, and macOS although macOS version requires the user to compile from source, with Qt5 widgets, written in C++. Its main goal is uncluttered, simple design.[21] Its development stalled in January 2017 in favor of another mpv frontend by the same developers, Mochi Player, which is not quite finished yet.
  • Deepin Movie - for Linux - Written by and default video player for the Chinese Deepin distro and desktop environment.[22]
GNOME MPV (Celluloid) 0.18 with its preferences
  • IINA - macOS 10.10+ media player with native macOS Cocoa interface It is a full-featured native macOS graphical interface for mpv that makes use of new features in the most recent versions of macOS. mpv config file and script system are also integrated.[24]
  • Media Player Classic Qute Theater (mpc-qt) - Linux and Windows media player with Qt5 widgets, written in C++. Its goal is to reproduce and ultimately improve upon the functionality of Media Player Classic Home Cinema (mpc-hc), a Windows-only program, as a cross-platform mpv-based multimedia player that also works on Unix-like operating systems like Linux.
  • - Windows media player with native Windows interface. Its goal is to provide the standard mpv OSC interface on Windows along with a customizable Windows context menu, C# scripting, and a Managed Extensibility Framework (MEF) for addons. [26]
  • OvoPlayer - Linux and Windows music player that supports many backends, based on LCL widgetsets, written in Pascal. Its goal is to be a flexible audio player that supports as many audio engine backends like mpv as possible. [27]
  • Sugoi Player - media player on Windows (that might work on Linux and macOS but those are untested) forked from Baka MPlayer, with Qt5 widgets, written in C++. It aims to improve upon and continue development of an mpv frontend based on Baka MPlayer, since Baka MPlayer’s development stalled in January 2017. [29]
  • xt7-player-mpv - Linux media player with Qt5 or Qt4 widgets, written in Gambas 3 (a dialect of BASIC). Its goal is usability, and a variety of extra features like YouTube and SHOUTcast integration, media tagging, library and playlist management, as well as adding more features beyond that. [30]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Contributors to mpv-player". GitHub. 2017-11-04. Archived from the original on 2021-09-15. Retrieved 2021-09-15.
  2. ^ wm4 (2013-08-07). "Release 0.1". MPV.
  3. ^ "v0.35.1". 28 January 2023. Retrieved 29 January 2023.
  4. ^ "mpv-player", Analysis Summary, Open Hub, archived from the original on 2017-08-02, retrieved 2016-08-11
  5. ^ a b Debian - Details of package mpv
  6. ^ "Copyright". mpv. Retrieved 2015-03-21.
  7. ^ "mpv-android - Apps on Google Play". Retrieved 2020-03-28.
  8. ^ "MPV, A New Fork Of MPlayer/MPlayer2". Phoronix. Retrieved 2015-01-28.
  9. ^ "Contributors to mpv-player/mpv". GitHub. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  10. ^ wm4. "LGPL relicensing (#2033)". mpv-player/mpv (source code repository). GitHub. Archived from the original on 2017-09-14. Retrieved 2017-09-14. ... GPL-incompatible dependencies such as OpenSSL are a big issue for library users, even if the library user is ok with the GPL. ...
  11. ^ "list of changes from MPlayer". GitHub. Retrieved 2018-04-05.
  12. ^ "youtube-dl: Supported sites". Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  13. ^ Sneddon, Joey (2017-09-13). "MPV 0.27 Released with Minor Fixes, New OpenGL Options". OMG! Ubuntu!. Ohso Ltd. Retrieved 2017-02-13.
  14. ^ Larabel, Michael (2017-12-25). "MPV Player 0.28 Adds Initial Vulkan Support". Phoronix. Phoronix Media. Archived from the original on 2017-12-26. Retrieved 2017-12-26.
  15. ^ "mpv manual (opengl video output driver section)". Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  16. ^ "".
  17. ^ "Introducing the Plex Media Player". Retrieved 2015-03-21.
  18. ^ "mpv manual (encoding section)". Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  19. ^ "User Scripts - mpv-player/mpv Wiki". GitHub. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  20. ^ "Applications using mpv". GitHub. Retrieved 2020-12-28.
  21. ^ "Baka MPlayer Github page". Retrieved 2022-09-15.
  22. ^ "Deepin Movie". Retrieved 2022-09-15.
  23. ^ "Celluloid". Retrieved 2022-09-15.
  24. ^ "IINA". Retrieved 2022-09-15.
  25. ^ "Kawaii Player Github Repository". GitHub. Retrieved 2022-09-15.
  26. ^ " Github Repository". GitHub. Retrieved 2022-09-15.
  27. ^ "OvoPlayer on Lazarus Wiki". Retrieved 2022-09-15.
  28. ^ "SMPlayer". Retrieved 2022-09-15.
  29. ^ "Sugoi Player Github Repository". GitHub. Retrieved 2022-09-15.
  30. ^ "xt7-player Github Repository". GitHub. Retrieved 2022-09-15.

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