Moscow Conservatory

Coordinates: 55°45′23″N 37°36′16″E / 55.75639°N 37.60444°E / 55.75639; 37.60444
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Moscow State Tchaikovsky Conservatory
The Great Hall, the main performance auditorium
Established1866; 158 years ago (1866)
RectorProf. Sokolov Alexander Sergeevich
Address13, Bolshaya Nikitskaya Street, Moscow, 125009
Location
Websitehttp://www.mosconsv.ru

The Moscow Conservatory, also officially Moscow State Tchaikovsky Conservatory (Russian: Московская государственная консерватория им. П. И. Чайковского, romanizedMoskovskaya gosudarstvennaya konservatoriya im. P. I. Chaykovskogo) is a musical educational institution located in Moscow, Russia. It grants undergraduate and graduate degrees in musical performance and musical research. The conservatory offers various degrees including Bachelor of Music Performance, Master of Music and PhD in research.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

In 1766, the future site of the conservatory was bought by Princess Ekaterina Romanovna Dashkova (1743-1810), later president of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy. The building was completed in the 1790s. Its author was Vasily Bazhenov, the design of the building was corrected by the hostess herself. Toward the end of her life, she spent winters here.

In 1810, the building was inherited by her nephew, Count Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov, a future war hero, participant in the Battle of Borodino, then governor of Novorossiya and Bessarabia, governor of the Caucasus. He was renting out the house. The house burned in 1812, rebuilt by 1824.[1]

Establishment of a conservatory[edit]

The idea of establishing a conservatory in Moscow was first suggested in 1819 by Friedrich Scholz, Kapellmeister of the Bolshoi Theater, but the idea was not supported. Eleven years later, in 1830, he managed to get permission to open at his home "free teaching of figured bass and composition". In 1860, Nikolai Rubinstein, together with Vasily Kologrivov, organized in Moscow musical classes of the Moscow branch of the Imperial Russian Musical Society. Rubinstein's co-founder was Prince Nikolai Petrovitch Troubetzkoy, chairman of the Moscow branch of the Russian Musical Society (1863-1876). Initially, the music classes were held in Rubinstein's apartment (who lived on Sadovaya Street, in Volotsky's house). First of all, classes in choral singing (Konstantin Albrecht) and elementary music theory (Eduard Langer, then Nikolai Rubinstein and Nikolay Kashkin) were organized. Since the fall of 1863, most of the classes moved to the new address of Rubinstein's residence (Myasnoy alley, house of Burkin). Solo singing (Bertha Walzek and Adolf Osberg) and playing various instruments began to be taught: violin (Karl Klamroth and Vasily Bezekirsky), piano (Nikolai Rubinstein, Eduard Langer and Nikolai Kashkin), cello (Karl Ezef), flute (Ferdinand Büchner), trumpet (Fyodor Richter). In 1864 the number of pupils exceeded two hundred, and the Russian Musical Society rented Voeikova's house on Mokhovaya Street, where Rubinstein's apartment was located.

It was co-founded in 1866 as the Moscow Imperial Conservatory by Nikolai Rubinstein and Prince Nikolai Troubetzkoy.[2] It is the second oldest conservatory in Russia after the Saint Petersburg Conservatory. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was appointed professor of theory and harmony at its opening. Since 1940, the centenary of his birth, the conservatory has borne his name.

Choral faculty[edit]

Prior to the October Revolution, the choral faculty of the conservatory was second to the Moscow Synodal School and Moscow Synodal Choir, but in 1919, both were closed and merged into the choral faculty. Some of the students now listed as being of the conservatory were in fact students of the Synodal School.

Great Hall[edit]

A renovation of the hall was completed in 2011.

Some notable graduates[edit]

Notable current professors[edit]

The Moscow Conservatory in 1940

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Moscow Conservatory". Retrieved 1 March 2024.
  2. ^ "Московская государственная консерватория им. П.И. Чайковского". Культура.РФ (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  3. ^ Levin, Neil M. Biography: Jacob Weinberg 1879–1956. Milken Archive. Retrieved 29 August 2014.

External links[edit]

55°45′23″N 37°36′16″E / 55.75639°N 37.60444°E / 55.75639; 37.60444