A Morton's fork is a type of false dilemma in which contradictory observations lead to the same conclusion. It is said[by whom?] to have originated with the rationalising of a benevolence by the 15th century English prelate John Morton.
Under Henry VII, John Morton was made archbishop of Canterbury in 1486 and Lord Chancellor in 1487. He rationalised requiring the payment of a benevolence (tax) to King Henry by reasoning that someone living modestly must be saving money, and therefore could afford the benevolence, whereas someone living extravagantly was obviously rich, and therefore could also afford the benevolence. Morton's Fork may have been invented by another of Henry's supporters, Richard Foxe.
- "Morton's Fork". Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
- Morton's Fork. Oxford English Dictionary. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013.
- Chrimes, S. B. (1999-07-11). Henry VII. Yale University Press. p. 203. ISBN 978-0-300-21294-5.
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- Gray, Robert. The Bridge World, March 1973