Montour County, Pennsylvania
|Coordinates: 41°02′N 76°40′W / 41.03°N 76.66°W|
|Founded||May 3, 1850|
|Named for||Andrew Montour|
|• Total||132 sq mi (340 km2)|
|• Land||130 sq mi (300 km2)|
|• Water||2.1 sq mi (5 km2) 1.6%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||140/sq mi (50/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Montour County is a county in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It is located in Northeastern Pennsylvania. As of the 2020 census, the population was 18,136. Its county seat is Danville. The county is named for Andrew Montour, a prominent Métis interpreter who served with George Washington during the French and Indian War. It encompasses 132 sq mi, making it the smallest county by land area in the state.
Montour County is part of the Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Fort Bosley, located near the present day border of Derry Township and the Borough of Washingtonville, was the county's only fortified location during the Revolutionary War.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 132 square miles (340 km2), of which 130 square miles (340 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (1.6%) is water. It is the smallest county by area in Pennsylvania. A total of 45% of Montour County is wooded. The entire county sits inside the Susquehanna River watershed. The other major streams in Montour County include Chillisquaque Creek and Mahoning Creek.
Montour has a humid continental climate (Dfa/Dfb) and average monthly temperatures in Danville range from 26.9 °F in January to 72.3 °F in July. 
- Lycoming County (north)
- Columbia County (east)
- Northumberland County (south & west)
Montour County is located in the Ridge-and-Valley Province of the Appalachian Mountains. A total of 65% of the soils in the county are well-drained. The Muncy Hills are located in the northern part of the county and Montour Ridge is located in the southern part of the county, not far from the Susquehanna River. Montour Ridge also is home to the highest elevation in the county, 1425 feet above sea level. The lowest elevation is 440 feet above sea level, at the Susquehanna River.
The sedimentary rocks in Montour County are from either the Devonian Period or the Silurian Period. The Devonian Period rocks are more common than Silurian Period rocks, making up two thirds of the county. These rocks are prevalent in the Muncy Hills and the lowlands in the southern portion of the county. The Devonian Period rocks in Montour County include the Catskill Formation, the Marcellus Shale, the Helderburg Formation, the Mahantango Formation, the Oriskany Formation, the Marine Beds, and the Onondaga Formation. The other one third of the rocks in Montour County are from the Silurian Period. Rocks from this period are prevalent on Montour Ridge and the adjacent valley and the hills to the northwest of Washingtonville. These areas consist of the Wills Creek formation, the Tonoloway Formation, the Bloomsburg Formation, the Tuscarora Formation, the Clinton Group, and the McKenzie Formation.
There are three major anticlines and synclines in Montour County. These are the White Deer Anticline, the Lackawanna Syncline, and the Milton Anticline. These are located in the northern, central, and Montour Ridge areas of the county, respectively. These features are situated in a northeast–southwest alignment. They were formed by regional compression and uplift approximately 200 million years ago, during the Permian Period. During the Pleistocene Period, the Illinoian glacial advance reached Montour County, although the Wisconsin glacial advance stopped slightly short of it. There are alluvial deposits in many of the river valleys in the county, especially there two streams or rivers meet. These deposits were formed fairly recently, geologically speaking.
The water supply for Montour County comes primarily from the Susquehanna River, as well as wells and springs. The rural areas especially depend on wells for their water supply, but Danville mostly uses the Susquehanna River. Wells drilled into Silurian rock have a tendency to be highly hard and prone to developing sinkholes. However, the Keyser, Wills Creek, and Tonoloway Formations are considerably better at producing water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
1990-2000 2010-2017 2010-2020
As of the census of 2000, there were 18,236 people, 7,085 households, and 4,817 families residing in the county. The population density was 140 people per square mile (54/km2). There were 7,627 housing units at an average density of 58 per square mile (23/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.67% White, 1.01% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.2% were of German, 13.2% American, 8.1% Irish, 6.6% English, 5.7% Italian and 5.6% Polish ancestry.
There were 7,085 households, out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.
In Montour County, the population was spread out, with 24.40% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.00 males.
|Black or African American (NH)||320||1.7%|
|Native American (NH)||27||0.2%|
|Pacific Islander (NH)||0||0%|
|Hispanic or Latino||487||2.7%|
Metropolitan Statistical Area
The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Montour County as the Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census the metropolitan area ranked 20th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 368th most populous in the United States with a population of 82,562. Montour County is also a part of the larger Bloomsburg-Berwick-Sunbury, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the populations of Montour County as well as Columbia, Northumberland, Snyder and Union Counties in Pennsylvania. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 8th in the State of Pennsylvania and 115th most populous in the United States with a population of 264,739.
There are approximately 350 farms in Montour County. The majority of these farms produce beef, hogs, and dairy. Limestone is mined in some areas in the county.
Montour County is heavily Republican, with the Republican winning it in every presidential election since 1968.
The county is run by three locally elected commissioners, each of whose term of office lasts for four years.
State House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
United States Senate
Central Susquehanna Intermediate Unit #16 provides a wide variety of services to children living in Montour County. These include early intervention, special education support services, driver education on road training, speech and hearing therapy and autistic support. Services for children during the preschool years are provided without cost to their families when the child is determined to meet eligibility requirements.
Danville Area Head Start
Public school districts
- Danville Area School District (also in Northumberland County)
- Warrior Run School District (also in Northumberland and Union Counties)
As reported by the Pennsylvania Department of Education - EdNA. February 2014
- Alternative Education Program - Danville
- Breezy Meadow - Danville 
- Chillisquaque Valley Parochial School - Bloomsburg
- County Line Parochial School - Danville
- Creek Side School - Turbotville
- Danville Child Development Center - Danville
- Danville Mennonite School - Danville
- Delong Alternative Educ Program - Washingtonville
- Limestone Mennonite Parochial School - Milton
- Ridgeview Amish School - Watsontown
- St Cyril Kindergarten - Danville
- St Joseph School - Danville
- The Learning Tree Child Care Center, LLC - Danville
CSIU16 School Directory 2014 
- Thomas Beaver Free Library - Danville
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in one case, towns. The following boroughs and townships are located in Montour County:
- Danville (county seat)
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Montour County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
- ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Montour County, Pennsylvania". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2022.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- ^ Donehoo, Dr. George P. (1999) . A History of the Indian Villages and Place Names in Pennsylvania (PDF) (Second Reprint ed.). Lewisburg, Pennsylvania: Wennawoods Publishing. p. 290. ISBN 1-889037-11-7. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved March 7, 2007.
ISBN refers to a 1999 reprint edition, URL is for the Susquehanna River Basin Commission's web page of Native American Place names, quoting and citing the book. Some older sources say the county was named for Madame Montour, Andrew's mother.
- ^ The State Museum (April 12, 2013). "Montour County - Our Smallest County THIS WEEK IN PENNSYLVANIA ARCHAEOLOGY".
- ^ Buckalew, John M., Captain The Frontier Forts Within The North and West Branches of the Susquehanna River Pennsylvania. Read Before The Wyoming Historical And Geological, Society, October 1, 1895. Reprinted From The State Report, 1896. Wilkes-Barre, PA.: E. B. Yoruy, Printer. 1896 AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 21 February 2016.
- ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- ^ a b c d e f Joseph J. Eckenrode (1985), Soil Survey of Montour County, Pennsylvania, retrieved July 15, 2013
- ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
- ^ "Census 2020".
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Montour County, Pennsylvania".
- ^ "Office of Management and Budget | The White House". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- ^ "2010 Census". census.gov. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved December 26, 2020.
- ^ a b Center, Legislativate Data Processing. "Find Your Legislator". The official website for the Pennsylvania General Assembly. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
- ^ Central Susquehanna Intermediate Unit 16 Administration (2014). "About the CSIU". Archived from the original on October 29, 2014.
- ^ Danville Area School District Administration (2014). "Danville Head Start web site". Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (February 6, 2014). "PDE Education Names and addresses".
- ^ "Entity Detail". Archived from the original on April 15, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
- ^ "Creek Side School in Turbotville, PA 17772". localschooldirectory.com. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- ^ "CSIU16 School Directory 2014" (PDF). January 20, 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 23, 2014.
- ^ Bureau, US Census. "Decennial Census by Decades". www.census.gov. Retrieved November 29, 2018.