Mohammad Hasan Afshar

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Self-portrait of Mohammad Hasan Afshar, dated 1840–1860

Mohammad Hasan Afshar (Persian: محمد حسن افشار) was an Iranian court painter and portraitist under the Qajar shahs (kings) Mohammad Shah Qajar (r. 1834–1848) and Naser al-Din Shah Qajar (r. 1848–1896).[1]

Mohammad Hasan belonged to the Afshar tribe of Urmia. He was one of the few Iranian artists of the 19th-century who drew the praise of European observers, including the French explorer Xavier Hommaire de Hell. The modern Iranian historian Mohammad Ali Karimzadeh Tabrizi has brought out the confusion in writings surrounding Mohammad Hasan and his namesakes. Due to his congenital deafness, he has been mistaken for another Afshar painter, Abu'l-Hasan Afshar, who may have had the same condition but otherwise seemed to have been a different individual.[2]

Mohammad Hasan died in c. 1880.[3]



  • Bloom, Jonathan M.; Blair, Sheila S. (2009). "Muhammad Hasan Afshar". Oxford University Press. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • Szántó, Iván (2012). "Allah-Wirdī Afšār, Court Painter of 'Abbās Mīrzā". In Jeremiás, Eva M. (ed.). At the Gate of Modernism: Qajar Iran in the Nineteenth Century. Gorgias Press. pp. 1–8. ISBN 978-6155343018.