Mirpur Khas–Nawabshah Railway
|Mirpur Khas-Nawabshah Railway|
ميرپور خاص ـ نواب شاھ ريلوي لائين
|Opened||1 January 1912|
|Line length||325 km (202 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3+3⁄8 in)|
The Mirpur Khas–Nawabshah Railway (Urdu: ميرپورخاص–نوابشاهه ریلوے, Sindhi: ميرپور خاص ـ نواب شاھ ريلوي لائين) was one of several branch lines in Pakistan, operated and maintained by Pakistan Railways. The line was unique in that it was one of the few 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+3⁄8 in) Metre gauge railways in the region. The line began at Mirpur Khas Junction and ended at Nawabshah Junction. The total length of this railway line was 325 kilometers (202 mi) with 15 railway stations.
Following the completion of the Hyderabad–Jodhpur Railway in 1892, and its subsequent conversion from broad gauge to metre gauge in 1901, plans to extend the metre gauge network through Sindh were proposed. In 1909, the metre gauge railway was extended from Mirpur Khas northwards to Nawabshah and southwards to Jhudo. The railway reached Khadro in 1912 and Nawabshah in 1939. The railway heavily used for freight transport, most of which was cotton, fresh vegetables and large quantities of red chilies.
The railway continued to operate through the 1990s despite degradation of the line and was closed in February 2005.
The stations on this line are as follows:
- ^ "[IRFCA] The Meter Gauge of Sindh". Irfca.org. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- ^ "Administration Report on the Railways in India – corrected up to 31st March 1918"; Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta; page 191; Retrieved 9 Feb 2016
- ^ "Salman Rashid: Once upon a Line: Metre Gauge Steam". Odysseuslahori.blogspot.com. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- ^ " Administration Report on the Railways in India – corrected up to 31st March 1918"; Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta; page 188; Retrieved 6 Feb 2016
- ^ "IR History: Part III (1900-1947)". IRFCA. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- ^ "British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue" - Search; Retrieved 10 Apr 2016
- ^ "The Oil Burners of Pakistan's Metre Gauge, February 1985". Internationalsteam.co.uk. Retrieved 24 May 2017.