Mian Abdul Rashid
Mian Abdul Rashid
سر میاں عبد الرشيد
|1st Chief Justice of Pakistan|
27 June 1949 – 29 June 1954
|Appointed by||Muhammad Ali Jinnah|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Muhammad Munir|
29 June 1889
Lahore, Punjab, British India
|Died||6 November 1981 (aged 92)|
|Alma mater||FC College University|
(Law Tripos), and (LLM)
Inns of Court School of Law (Bar Exam)
Star of India
Hilal-e-Pakistan (Crescent of Pakistan) Award by the President of Pakistan
Sir Mian Abdul Rashid, KCSI (Urdu: سر میاں عبد الرشيد; 29 June 1889 – 6 November 1981) was the first Chief Justice of Pakistan, legal philosopher, one of the founding fathers of Pakistan, and a jurist.
He was born on 29 June 1889 in a well-known Arain family, namely Mian family of Baghbanpura of Lahore. He received his early education at Central Model School in Lahore, and got his B.A. from Forman Christian College, also in Lahore, and a Tripos and Masters from Christ's College, Cambridge University in 1912.
He started practising law at Multan and later shifted to Lahore in 1913 where he joined the chambers of Mian Muhammad Shafi. He was then appointed Assistant Legal Remembrancer. In the summer of 1923, he was appointed acting judge of Lahore High Court on recommendation of Shadi Lal, who was then Chief Justice of the said court. From 1927 to 1931, he officiated as Government of Punjab's Advocate. He was appointed Judge, Lahore High Court in 1933. In 1946, he was made Chief Justice of Judicature at Lahore, and was knighted in that year's Birthday Honours list.
First Chief Justice of Pakistan
On 15 August 1947, when Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was sworn in as the first Governor-General of Pakistan, Rashid, as the most senior Muslim judge in British India, administered the oath of office to him.
Awards and recognition
- In 2005, the Government of Pakistan honoured him by naming a main road (7th Avenue) after him in the federal capital, Islamabad. The former Seventh Avenue down to Khayaban-i-Suhrawardy and the Kashmir Highway has been renamed Justice Sir Mian Abdul Rashid Avenue.
- Hilal-e-Pakistan (Crescent of Pakistan) Award by the President of Pakistan
- "Road in capital being named after Justice Sir Abdul Rashid". Dawn (newspaper). 2 September 2005. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
- "پاکستان کی خدمت کرنے والے 'روشن خیال' اینگلو انڈینز جنھیں بھلا دیا گیا". BBC News اردو – via BBC News website.
- "35th death anniversary of first CJP Abdul Rashid today". Dunya TV News website. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
- Gauba 1944:
In the summer of 1923, Mian Abdul Rashid, then one of the Assistant Legal Remembrancers was appointed on the recommendation of Sir Shadilal to be an acting Judge of the Court.
- Qasim Khan (9 July 2015). "Lahore Memories - The Mian's Of Baghbanpura". Lahore History website. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
- "Supplement To The London Gazette, 13 June 1946 (page 2757)" (PDF). london-gazette.co.uk. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
- Khalid Latif Gauba (1944), The Rt. Hon'ble Sir Shadi Lal: Chief Justice of the High Court of Judicature at Lahore, 1920-1934; a Bibliographical Sketch, Law Book Depot, p. 126