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Geheime Korrespondenz (secret correspondence), by Carl von Bergen
A headstone message in the Jerusalem British World War I Cemetery on Mount Scopus

A message is a discrete unit of communication intended by the source for consumption by some recipient or group of recipients. A message may be delivered by various means, including courier, telegraphy, carrier pigeon and electronic bus. A message can be the content of a broadcast. An interactive exchange of messages forms a conversation.[1]

One example of a message is a press release, which may vary from a brief report or statement released by a public agency to commercial publicity material.


Roles in human communication[edit]

In communication between humans, messages can be verbal or nonverbal:

  • A verbal message is an exchange of information using words. Examples include face-to-face communication, telephone calls, voicemails, email etc.
  • A nonverbal message is communicated through actions or behaviors rather than words, such as conscious or unconscious body language.

In computer science[edit]

There are two main senses of the word "message" in computing: messages between the human users of computer systems that are delivered by those computer systems, and messages passed between programs or between components of a single program, for their own purposes.

Safety and privacy concerns[edit]

Safety and privacy concerns have been expressed in the computer science industry regarding messages. There have been cases where instant messaging apps were found to present a risk of spyware infection.[2] Text messaging is one of the larger causes of distracted driving, and the act of texting and driving has been made illegal in many states as a result.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Carney, Dan (2009-04-08). "Dashboards meet the 21st century". Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  2. ^ Sunku, Durgaprasad (2019-11-01). "Hyderabad: WhatsApp is vulnerable to spyware attacks". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  3. ^ "Distracted Driving | NHTSA". Retrieved 2022-10-09.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Messages at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of message at Wiktionary
  • Quotations related to Message at Wikiquote