Meghna Division

Coordinates: 23°27′N 91°12′E / 23.450°N 91.200°E / 23.450; 91.200
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Meghna Division
মেঘনা বিভাগ
Samatata– Roshanbad [1]
Comilla division.png
Coordinates: 23°27′N 91°12′E / 23.450°N 91.200°E / 23.450; 91.200
Country Bangladesh
 • Total12,848.53 km2 (4,960.85 sq mi)
 (2011 census)
 • Total16,918,446
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
ISO 3166 codeBD-B
Main Language(s)Bengali
Other languagesEnglish

Meghna Division (Bengali: মেঘনা বিভাগ) is a proposed administrative division within Bangladesh for the north-western parts of the existing Chittagong Division,[2] comprising Brahmanbaria, Comilla, Chandpur, Noakhali, Feni, and Laxmipur Districts of Chittagong Division.[3][4][5][6] The headquarter of the division is in Comilla. It covers the south-easternmost areas of the country, with a total area of 12,848.53 km2 (4,960.85 sq mi)[7] and a population at the 2011 census of 16,708,000.[8][9][10]

Terminology and naming dispute[edit]

Various terms are used to describe the different (and sometimes overlapping) geographical and political areas of the proposed Meghna division. In brief, the main terms and their simple explanations are as follows:

  • Geographical terms:
  • Samatata (or Samatat) (Bengali: সমতট); was an ancient kingdom. Cumilla region and greater Nokhali region were within The Kingdom of Samatata.Geographically, the proposed Division is made up of two distinct cultural regions – Cumilla and Greater Noakhali.
    • Greater Noakhali (Bengali: নোয়াখালী);- The ancient name of Noakhali is Bhulua. The Noakhali district was created by the British Indian Government in 1787. It included the Sub-divisions of Lakshmipur and Feni which eventually became separate districts in 1984.
    • Comilla, (Bengali: কুমিল্লা)- Established as the Tippera or Tipperah district of Bengal by the British in 1790[11] and later renamed as Comilla in 1960.[12] It included the Sub-divisions of Brahmanbaria and Chandpur which eventually became separate districts in 1984.
  • Roshanbad (or Rowshanabad) (Bengali: রসানবাদ): (roughly equating to the proposed Cumilla Division, excluding Rangamati Hill District). It was a district level administrative unit (Chakla) in Bengal Subah during Mughal period.


The Greater Noakhali District was established in 1868 as a renaming of the Bhola District, which the British founded on 29 March 1822. It headquarters was in the town of Noakhali until the town vanished in the river-bed in 1951, as a result of the Meghna River erosion. A new headquarters for the Noakhali District was then established at Maijdee.

The present Cumilla was once under ancient Kingdom of Samatata and was joined with Tripuri Kingdom. Lalmai Mainamati was ruled by Deva dynasty (eighth century AD), and (during tenth and mid-eleventh century AD). In 1732, it became the center of the Bengal-backed domain of Jagat Manikya.[13]

The Peasants Movement against the king of Tripura in 1764, which originally formed under the leadership of Shamsher Gazi.[14] It came under the rule of East India Company in 1765 and was established as Tippera district (also known as Chakla Roshanbad) in 1790. Later, it was reorganized in three phases into six districts.

Administrative districts[edit]

The Division will be subdivided into six districts (zilas) and thence into 59 sub-districts (upazilas). The six districts listed below comprise the north-western portion (37.6%) of the present Chittagong Division, while the remaining five districts (zilas) comprise the south-eastern portion (62.4%) being separated by the lower (or Bangladeshi) stretch of the Feni River.

Name Capital Area (km2) Population
1991 Census
2001 Census
2011 Census
Brahmanbaria District Brahmanbaria 1,927.11 2,141,745 2,398,254 2,840,498
Cumilla District Cumilla 3,085.17 2,132,666 2,495,539 5,387,288
Chandpur District Chandpur 1,704.06 2,032,449 2,271,229 2,416,018
Lakshmipur District Laxmipur 1,440.39 1,312,337 1,489,901 1,729,188
Noakhali District Noakhali 4,202.87 2,217,134 2,577,244 3,108,083
Feni District Feni 990.36 1,096,745 1,240,384 1,437,371
Total Division 6 13,349.96 12,833,076 14,572,551 16,918,446


The division would have a population of 16,918,446. 16,008,777 (94.62%) are Muslims, 899,286 (5.32%) Hindus.[15]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gumming, J. G. (1899). Survey and settlement of the Roshanbad estate in the districts of Tippera and Noakhali, 1892–99.
  2. ^ কুমিল্লা বিভাগ দ্রুত বাস্তবায়নের দাবি [Cumilla Division demanded quick implementation]. Prothom Alo (in Bengali). Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  3. ^ প্রতিবেদক, নিজস্ব; ডটকম, বিডিনিউজ টোয়েন্টিফোর. "কুমিল্লা বিভাগের নাম হবে 'ময়নামতি'". (in Bengali).
  4. ^ ময়মনসিংহ বিভাগ গঠনে কাজ শুরুর নির্দেশ প্রধানমন্ত্রীর [Mymensingh Division worked on the instruction of the Prime Minister]. Prothom Alo (in Bengali). Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  5. ^ "Mymensingh to become new division". The Daily Star. 26 January 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  6. ^ "3 new divisions to be formed". The Independent. Dhaka. Archived from the original on 15 February 2015. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  7. ^ Miah, Sajahan (2012). "Chittagong Division". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  8. ^ "Noakhali Division Implementation Unity Committee". Daily Observer. 30 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  9. ^ বিভাগ করার দাবিতে নোয়াখালী শহরে মানববন্ধন আজ. Prothom Alo (in Bengali). 11 March 2017.
  10. ^ পদ্মা ও মেঘনা নামে নতুন বিভাগের কথা জানালেন প্রধানমন্ত্রী. Samakal (in Bengali). 21 October 2021. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Gazetteer - Bengal District Gazetteer Tipperah District - South Asia Archive".
  12. ^ Siddiqi, Mamun (2012). "Comilla District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  13. ^ Bidhas Kanti Kilikhar. Tripura of the 18th Century with Samsher Gazi Against Feudalism: A Historical Study. (Chapa Kathi, Agartula: Tripura State Tribal Cultural Research Institute and Museum, 1995) p. 55
  14. ^ Nawaz, Ali (2012). "Shamsher Gazi". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  15. ^ "Zila Series: Bangladesh 2011 Census". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.