Tomb of Shah Ali Akbar

Coordinates: 30°13′04″N 71°26′16″E / 30.21778°N 71.43778°E / 30.21778; 71.43778
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(Redirected from Mausoleum of Shah Ali Akbar)

30°13′04″N 71°26′16″E / 30.21778°N 71.43778°E / 30.21778; 71.43778

The Tomb of Shah Ali Akbar is a tomb in Suraj Miani Multan, in Punjab province, Pakistan.

History[edit]

Shah Ali Akbar, a direct descendant of Shamsuddin Sabzwari, an early propagator of Isma'ili Islam in South Asia, had his ministry thrive in the mid-16th century.[1] A 1585 foundation stone on his tomb, coupled with oral traditions, suggest Ali Akbar personally funded the tomb, indicating significant personal wealth and probable favorable relations with local authorities, suggesting some level of official acceptance of Ismai'li activities during this period.[1]

Architecture[edit]

The tomb is often called the "little Rukn-e Alam" due to its architectural similarities with the nearby Rukn-e Alam mausoleum.[1] Both share elements of the Tughluq style, like battered walls, tapering turrets, and an octagonal layout with domes.[1] Despite the Tughluqs' long-gone reign, their architectural style persisted in Multan and nearby regions, particularly Uch Sharif.[1]

The tomb subtly incorporates contemporary architectural trends of the late 16th century.[1] During this period, the reign of the third Mughal emperor, Akbar, saw Mughal architects experiment with plaster for easily carvable surfaces.[1] In a first for Multan, plaster was extensively used inside the tomb, mirroring the contemporary use at the Maryam Zamani mosque and Fatehpur Sikri.[1] The architects, Ibrahim and Rajab, sons of Musa of Lahore, may have introduced this trend from one of the Mughal Empire's main cities.[1]

Initially, the tomb's interior plaster surfaces were adorned with high-quality murals and frescoes, which have suffered significant damage due to time and continuous exposure to pigeon droppings.[1]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Shah Ali Akbar Tomb, Multan, Pakistan". Asian Architecture.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bloom, Jonathan, and Sheila Blair (2009). The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture
  • Khan, Ahmad Nabi (1990). Islamic Architecture of Pakistan: An Analytical Exposition
  • Khan, Ahmad Nabi (1983). Multan History and Architecture
  • Khan, Hasan Ali (2016). Constructing Islam on the Indus : the Material History of the Suhrawardi Sufi Order, 1200-1500 AD
  • Koch, Ebba (2002). Mughal Architecture
  • Michell, George (1978). Architecture of the Islamic World: Its history and Social Meaning
  • Muhammad Wali Ulla Khan (1973). Lahore and its Important Monuments
  • Mumtaz, Kamil Khan (1985). Architecture in Pakistan
  • Rajput, A. B (1963). Architecture in Pakistan
  • Suvorova, A. A (2004). Muslim Saints of South Asia the eleventh to fifteenth centuries