Mateusz Morawiecki

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Mateusz Morawiecki
Mateusz Morawiecki Prezes Rady Ministrów (cropped).jpg
Official portrait, 2019
Prime Minister of Poland
Assumed office
11 December 2017
PresidentAndrzej Duda
DeputyPiotr Gliński
Jarosław Gowin
Beata Szydło
Jacek Sasin
Jadwiga Emilewicz
Jarosław Kaczyński
Henryk Kowalczyk
Mariusz Błaszczak
Preceded byBeata Szydło
Deputy Prime Minister of Poland
In office
16 November 2015 – 11 December 2017
Prime MinisterBeata Szydło
Preceded byTomasz Siemoniak
Janusz Piechociński
Succeeded byBeata Szydło
Minister of Finance
In office
28 September 2016 – 9 January 2018
Prime MinisterBeata Szydło
Preceded byPaweł Szałamacha
Succeeded byTeresa Czerwińska
Minister of Development
In office
16 November 2015 – 9 January 2018
Prime MinisterBeata Szydło
Preceded byMaria Wasiak
Succeeded byJerzy Kwieciński
Minister of Sport
In office
15 November 2019 – 5 December 2019
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byWitold Bańka
Succeeded byDanuta Dmowska
Personal details
Mateusz Jakub Morawiecki

(1968-06-20) 20 June 1968 (age 54)
Wrocław, Poland
Political partyLaw and Justice (2016–present)
Independent (before 2016)
Spouse(s)Iwona Morawiecka
Parent(s)Kornel Morawiecki (father)
EducationUniversity of Wrocław (BA)
Wrocław University of Science and Technology
Wrocław University of Economics (MBA)
University of Hamburg
University of Basel (MAS)
OccupationEconomist, historian, magazine editor, politician

Mateusz Jakub Morawiecki (Polish pronunciation: [maˈtɛ.uʂ mɔraˈvjɛt͡skʲi] (listen); born 20 June 1968) is a Polish economist, historian and politician who has served as prime minister of Poland since 2017. A member of Law and Justice (PiS), he previously served in the cabinet of prime minister Beata Szydło as deputy prime minister from 2015 to 2017, Minister of Development from 2015 to 2018 and Minister of Finance from 2016 to 2018. Prior to his political appointment, Morawiecki had an extensive business career.

Born in Wrocław, Morawiecki became heavily engaged in anti-communist movements in his youth. He attended the University of Wrocław and extended his education at the University of Hamburg and University of Basel. He obtained degrees in arts, business administration and advanced studies. From 1996 to 2004, Morawiecki lectured at the Wrocław University of Economics, as well as from 1996 to 1998 at the Wrocław University of Technology. From 1998, Morawiecki worked for Bank Zachodni WBK from the Santander Group, where he was promoted to the position of managing director and eventually chairman.

On 11 December 2017, following prime minister Szydło's resignation, Morawiecki was nominated to succeed her by the chief staff of the Law and Justice party, which he joined in 2016.

Early life and education[edit]

Mateusz Morawiecki was born 20 June 1968 in Wrocław, Silesia, to Kornel Morawiecki (physicist and Fighting Solidarity leader) and his wife Jadwiga. Morawiecki is of distant German descent.[1] The Times of Israel also reported in 2017 that Morawiecki has "Jewish roots", however this claim has not been confirmed.[2]

Morawiecki claimed in a press interview, that at the age of 12[3] he helped his father copying underground political literature and in August 1980 he plastered the streets of Wrocław with posters calling for a general strike.[4] After martial law was declared in 1981, he helped print and distribute underground Solidarity magazines. As a son of a well known opposition activist, he was sometimes detained and intimidated by the police.[5] In an interview, he said he threw Molotov cocktails at police cars[4] and was on many occasions stopped and beaten by Poland's secret police (Służba Bezpieczeństwa, SB). Another reason for this was his sympathizing with the Hippie movement as an early teenager, a time during which he underwent an arrest due to alleged marijuana possession. This was also the time he first encountered Ryszard Terlecki – a precursor of the Hippie movement in Poland, and later one of his close coworkers. In connection to this, Morawiecki has mentioned that his colleague from the PiS party "knows perfectly well what fighting for freedom means".[6]

In the 1980s, he edited an illegal political newspaper Lower Silesia Bulletin and was active in the Independent Students' Association. He continued taking part in political demonstrations until the late 1980s and participated in occupation strikes at the University of Wroclaw in 1988 and 1989. He co-organized the Club for Political Thought "Free and Solidary".[7]

Morawiecki is an alumnus of the University of Wrocław (history, 1992), Wrocław University of Technology (1993), Wrocław University of Economics (Business Administration, 1995), the University of Hamburg (European Law and Economic Integration, 1995–97), and the University of Basel (European Studies, 1995–97). While at the Wrocław University of Technology, he studied abroad at Central Connecticut State University and completed an advanced executive program at Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management.[8][9]

Business career[edit]

In 1991 Morawiecki began work at Cogito Company and co-created two publishing firms, Reverentia and Enter Marketing-Publishing. That same year he co-founded the magazine Dwa Dni (Two Days), later becoming editor-in-chief.

In 1995 he completed an internship at Deutsche Bundesbank in credit analysis, financial restructuring, banking supervision, and financial market supervision. In 1996–97 he conducted banking and macroeconomic research at the University of Frankfurt.[10] In 1998, as deputy director of the Accession Negotiations Department in the Committee for European Integration, he oversaw and participated in numerous areas, including finance, of the negotiations for Polish accession to the European Union.

With Frank Emmert, he co-authored the first textbook on The Law of the European Union published in Poland.

From 1996 to 2004 Morawiecki lectured at the Wrocław University of Economics, and from 1996 to 1998 also at the Wrocław University of Technology. He sat on policy committees at many institutions of higher education. From 1998 to 2001 he was a member of the supervisory boards of the Wałbrzych Power Company, Dialog (a local telephone-service provider), and the Industrial Development Agency. From 1998 to 2002 he was a member of the Lower Silesian Regional Assembly.[11]

From November 1998 Morawiecki worked for Bank Zachodni WBK, Santander Group, where he began his career as deputy chair of the supervisory board, and supervisor of the economic analysis bureau and the international trade department. In 2001 he became managing director and a member of the board. In 2007–15 Morawiecki was chairman of Bank Zachodni WBK.[12]

Political career[edit]

Morawiecki at opening of Campus Warsaw

On 16 November 2015, President Andrzej Duda appointed Mateusz Morawiecki as both Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Development in the Cabinet led by Prime Minister Beata Szydło.[13] (This took place soon after Mateusz Morawiecki's father, Kornel Morawiecki, was elected to Poland's lower chamber of the parliament[14] and the Law and Justice party won the 2015 parliamentary elections.)

In March 2016, Mateusz Morawiecki announced that he had joined the Law and Justice party.

On 28 September 2016, in addition to his other positions, Morawiecki was appointed Minister of Finance, becoming the second most powerful member of the Government, overseeing the budget, government finances, European Union funds, and overall economic policy.[15]

As Finance Minister, Morawiecki outlined an ambitious "Plan for Responsible Development", known colloquially as the "Morawiecki Plan", aimed at stimulating economic growth and raising revenues for generous government plans, including "Family 500+" child benefits for all families with two or more children.[16] In March 2017, he took part in a meeting of G20 finance ministers in Baden-Baden, becoming Poland's first-ever representative at that summit.[17][18]

Prime Minister of Poland (2017–present)[edit]

Morawiecki with Visegrád Group (V4) leaders and European Commission President Jean Claude Juncker, Brussels 2017

In December 2017, Jarosław Kaczyński, the Chairman of the Law and Justice party, declared that he no longer had confidence in Beata Szydło to be the party's prime ministerial candidate, in part due to perceived conflict between her and other European Union leaders. With her position untenable, Szydło resigned, and Morawiecki quickly won internal party approval to be nominated as her successor. He was sworn in as prime minister of Poland on 11 December, immediately appointing Szydło as his deputy.[19] In his first major address to Sejm, he pledged "continuity" rather than radical change.[20]

In January 2018, following a highly public racist incident in Warsaw, Morawiecki declared: "There is no place in Poland for racism. The attack on a girl because of her skin color deserves the strongest condemnation. We shall do everything to make Poland safe for everyone."[21]

Morawiecki with Angela Merkel, Berlin, February 2018

At the Munich Security Conference on 17 February that year, Morawiecki said "it is not going to be seen as criminal to say that there were Polish perpetrators, as there were Jewish perpetrators, as there were Russian perpetrators, as there were Ukrainian perpetrators, not only German perpetrators."[22][23] His remark roused controversy and prompted criticism by prominent Israeli politicians, including Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu[22][24] and Israeli President Reuven Rivlin.[25] The crisis was resolved in late June that year when the Polish and Israeli prime ministers issued a joint communiqué endorsing research into the Jewish Holocaust and condemning the expression, "Polish concentration camps".[26]

As other Visegrád Group leaders, Morawiecki opposes any compulsory EU long-term quota on redistribution of migrants. In May 2018, Morawiecki said: "Proposals by the European Union that impose quotas on us hit the very foundations of national sovereignty."[27]

In July 2018 Morawiecki said he "will not rest" until "the whole truth" of the World War II-era massacres in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia has been explained. Between 1942 and 1945, members of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) killed up to 100,000 civilians in nowadays Western Ukraine.[28][29]

On the issue of Brexit, Morawiecki told the BBC in January 2019 that more and more Polish people are returning to Poland from the UK and he hoped the trend would continue to help boost the Polish economy.[30]

In January 2019 Morawiecki said that "Hitler's Germany fed on fascist ideology... But all the evil came from this (German) state and we cannot forget that, because otherwise we relativise evil."[31]

Morawiecki wants Germany to pay World War II reparations for the destruction it caused during World War II.[32][33] In August 2019, he said that "Poland has yet to receive proper compensation from Germany… We lost six million people over the course of the war — many more than did countries that received major reparations."[34]

On 15 September 2020, Wojewódzki sąd administracyjny (administrative court) (pl:Wojewódzki sąd administracyjny) in Warsaw ruled that the decision of prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki to hold the elections only by postal vote on 10 May 2020 was a "gross violation of the law and was issued without [legal] grounds" and violated article 7 of the Polish Constitution, article 157, paragraph 1 and article 187, paragraph 1 and 2 of the Electoral Code.[35] The opposition demanded Morawiecki's resignation.[36]

Meeting with President Joe Biden in Warsaw, March 2022

In October 2021, Morawiecki accused the European Union of blackmail over several issues, however, he downplayed the possibility of a "Polexit" and said that the threat of economic sanctions was a "direct challenge".[37]

In December 2021, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz came to Warsaw for talks with Morawiecki. They discussed Poland’s dispute with the EU over the rule of law, the long-term EU climate policies and the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, which would bring Russian gas to Germany and bypass Poland.[38] Morawiecki said "we do not want people to suffer as a result" of EU's Green Deal, accusing the bloc's Emissions Trading System of contributing to the 2021 global energy crisis.[39]

In March 2022, Morawiecki announced that Poland would be prepared to give MiG-29 fighter jets to Ukraine, but only via NATO as a whole. He stated that such a decision had to be unanimously made by the member states of NATO.[40]

Other posts[edit]


In 2008 Morawiecki was made Honorary Consul of the Republic of Ireland in Poland. In 2013 he was awarded the Cross of Freedom and Solidarity. In 2015, he became the recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta.[12] In 2019, he was awarded the title Man of the Year at the annual Krynica Economic Forum.[43] He has also received other distinctions from economic clubs, universities, publishing houses, and cultural institutions.

Personal life[edit]

Morawiecki is married to Iwona Morawiecka, with whom he has four children: two daughters (Olga and Magdalena) and two sons (Jeremiasz and Ignacy).[44][45]

Two of his aunts married Jewish men and converted to Judaism. One aunt was saved during the Jewish Holocaust by a Righteous among the Nations.[46]

State-visits gallery[edit]


  1. ^ "Rodzinna lustracja premiera". Wprost. 11 February 2018.
  2. ^ JTA (8 December 2017). "Poland appoints ex-banker with Jewish roots as prime minister". Times of Israel. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Kim jest kandydat na premiera Mateusz Morawiecki [SYLWETKA]". 7 December 2017.
  4. ^ a b (11 February 2020). "Morawiecki o czasach PRL: Rzucałem koktajlami Mołotowa (...) do tej pory koledzy wspominają moje poranione plecy". Wprost (in Polish). Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  5. ^ "To spotkało Morawieckiego w latach 80. "Kazano mu kopać swój grób"".
  6. ^ "PM defends deputy speaker Terlecki over his criticism of Tsikhanouskaya". Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  7. ^ ""W domu nigdy o tym nie opowiadał. Nie chciał martwić matki". Dzieciństwo premiera wspomina jego mama". Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  8. ^ "Mateusz Morawiecki". Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  9. ^ "Mateusz Morawiecki". Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  10. ^ "Mateusz Morawiecki". Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  11. ^ "I Kadencja Sejmiku Województwa Dolnośląskiego". Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Mateusz Morawiecki". Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  13. ^ "Oficjalna strona Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej / Aktualności / Nominacje / Prezydent powołał rząd". 16 November 2015. Archived from the original on 16 November 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  14. ^ "Kornel Morawiecki". Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  15. ^ Cienski, Jan (29 September 2016). "Polish reshuffle puts sights on prime minister". POLITICO. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  16. ^ "Trillions needed to modernise Poland: deputy minister". Radio Poland. 30 September 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  17. ^ "Morawiecki wśród ministrów finansów G20 - Gospodarka -". Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  18. ^ "Rzeczy, które musisz wiedzieć o szczycie G20 | Ze świata". TVN24 BiS (in Polish). Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  19. ^ "Komitet Polityczny PiS desygnował Mateusza Morawieckiego na Premiera". Prawo i Sprawiedliwość. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  20. ^ Michał Broniatowski (12 December 2017), Poland's new PM won't change anything after leadership swap Politico Europe.
  21. ^ "No place for racism in Poland, says PM after attack on teen". Radio Poland. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  22. ^ a b ""Jewish perpetrators" remark reignites Poland Holocaust dispute". CBS News. 19 February 2018.
  23. ^ Zieve, Tamara (19 February 2018). "Polish MP: I hope my prime minister is being stupid and not ruthless". The Jerusalem Post.
  24. ^ Oppenheim, Maya (18 February 2018). "Benjamin Netanyahu attacks Polish PM for saying Jews were among perpetrators of the Holocaust". The Independent. Archived from the original on 12 May 2022. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  25. ^ "Polish Embassy in Israel Vandalized After Polish PM's Controversial Remarks". VOA News. 18 February 2018.
  26. ^ "The Latest: Party Head: Israel Confirms Polish View on Nazis". Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  27. ^ "Refugee quotas 'hit foundations of national sovereignty': Polish PM". Radio Poland. 14 May 2018.
  28. ^ "Polish PM pledges to fight for 'whole truth' of WWII massacres". Radio Poland. 11 July 2018.
  29. ^ "Ukrainian nationalists plan protests against Polish anti-defamation law". Radio Poland. 5 February 2018.
  30. ^ Geoghegan, Ian (24 January 2019). "Polish PM to UK: 'Give us our people back'". POLITICO.
  31. ^ "Polish PM says Hitler's Germany responsible for Holocaust, not Nazis". France 24. 27 January 2019.
  32. ^ "Poland upholds WWII reparation claims from Germany - DPA". The First News. 26 November 2021.
  33. ^ "New Chancellor Meets Old Resentments. Polish PM Receives Olaf Scholz in Warsaw, Talks of War Reparations and a "Europe of Sovereign States"". Gazeta Wyborcza. 13 December 2021.
  34. ^ "Feeling its WWII wounds, Poland seeks German reparations 80 years on". The Times of Israel. 28 August 2019.
  35. ^ "Sąd uchylił decyzję premiera w sprawie wyborów kopertowych. "Rażąco narusza prawo, wydana bezpodstawnie"". 15 September 2020. Archived from the original on 15 September 2020.
  36. ^ ""Oczekujemy dymisji premiera". Opozycja po wyroku ws. wyborów 10 maja". 15 September 2020. Archived from the original on 15 September 2020.
  37. ^ "Polish PM accuses EU of blackmail as row over rule of law escalates". BBC News. 19 October 2021. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  38. ^ Scally, Derek (14 December 2021). "Tensions overshadow Olaf Scholz's inaugural visit to Warsaw". The Irish Times.
  39. ^ von der Burchard, Hans (13 December 2021). "Leaders of Poland, Germany call for 'swift' solution to Warsaw's rule of law row with EU". Politico.
  40. ^ Tom Ozimek (9 March 2022). "Poland Ready to Give MiG-29 Fighter Jets to Ukraine but Only via NATO". NTD. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  41. ^ Board of Governors Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
  42. ^ Board of Governors International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  43. ^ "Forum Ekonomiczne w Krynicy-Zdroju. Mateusz Morawiecki z nagrodą Człowieka Roku". Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  44. ^ "".
  45. ^ "Oto rodzina Morawieckiego. Uchylamy rąbka tajemnicy!". Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  46. ^ Poland appoints ex-banker with Jewish roots as prime minister By JTA, 8 December 2017

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Deputy Prime Minister of Poland
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of Development
Succeeded by
Jerzy Kwieciński
Preceded by Minister of Finance
Succeeded by
Teresa Czerwińska
Preceded by Prime Minister of Poland
Preceded by Minister of Sports and Tourism
Succeeded by