11 June 1970
|Occupation(s)||Journalist, human rights activist|
Marvi Sirmed is a Pakistani political commentator, journalist, and human rights activist. She is a social democrat.
Early life and education
Marvi Sirmed was born in Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan on 11 June 1970. Her paternal family was agriculturist from Bhawalpur. Her father, Chaudhry Anwar ul Haq, was Directorate General of Public Relations Punjab until 2003. In her childhood she accompanied her mother in women's protests.
Before entering teaching and journalism careers she was a sciences student. She was a pre-med student and obtained her master's degree in science and education from the University of Punjab and taught at secondary schools in Lahore.
Sirmed is a social democrat, advocating for secular polity and minority rights in Pakistan. She has advocated for improved domestic violence legislation and governmental secularism.
In 1990s, Sirmed started getting involved in NGO activities along with her journalistic activities. In 2001–2002 she joined the Aurat Foundation's Legislative Watch Programme. In 2004, she worked for The United Nations Development Programme in Pakistan, and simultaneously with the National Commission on the Status of Women, Federal Ministry of Women's Development, and the Parliament of Pakistan.
Marvi Sirmed received the National Human Rights Award of the government of Pakistan in 2010 and Friend of the Parliament Award in 2012. Sirmed was a member of the executive council of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan and serves as board chair of Bytes for All. She is fellow at National Endowment for Democracy. She has been a freelance journalist since 2016.
Advocacy and controversies
As an outspoken advocate for human rights and secular democracy, Sirmed has attracted controversy among conservatives. In November 2007 she was arrested when she protested the 2007 emergency declared in Pakistan by then military dictator Pervez Musharraf.
When the United States Embassy in Pakistan invited LGBT people to an event, Sirmed's defense of their decision was met with attacks on YouTube. In another televised debate broadcast on YouTube, Sirmed again spoke in defense of LGBT rights, leading her to be threatened with both death and sexual violence. The Coalition For Women In Journalism (CFWIJ) condemned an online harassment and misinformation campaign targeting Sirmed. CFWIJ Founding Director Kiran Nazish complained that the amount of propaganda and harassment of women journalists in Pakistan was unprecedented, with many inciting violence against women journalists in general and Sirmed in particular. Senior journalist member of CFWIJ, Beena Sarwar, said that while social media can be put to good use, it is being misused for negative purposes that violate fundamental rights and human dignity.
In 2016, Sirmed appeared on a live television debate with conservative Islamic scholar and parliamentarian Hafiz Hamdullah. Their argument escalated, leading Hamdullah to threaten her. Later when Hamdullah's citizenship was challenged, she publicly supported him on the issue to criticize officials who saw a problem only with his citizenship and not with his other behavior.
On 3 March 2020, during live TV debates on Neo News, Sirmed interrupted Khalil-ur-Rehman Qamar with the chant "Mera Jism Meri Marzi" ("My Body My Choice"). Qamar called the slogan shameful and made derogatory misogynist remarks about her and shamed her body which led to criticism and boycott of him by media fraternity.
Sirmed explained her position in interviews given to Daud Khattak and DW.com. When asked whether "my body my choice" was priority for women of non-elite social classes, and whether "my life" might be better wording than "my body," Sirmed retorted that "my body, my choice" is an issue relevant to Pakistani women across all classes, and that '“My body, my choice” means that no society can wage their wars at the expense of a woman's body. We ask the men not to use our bodies for their ghairat or honor. We ask them to stop killing us in the name of honor and give us the right to say no because we have the right to say no to anything that we don't feel comfortable with. We must have the right to say that we can't tolerate sexual harassment and to say no to decisions regarding our marriages by other [family members]. Our religion gives us the right to choose our life partner, so why not society?"
In 2012 and again in 2018, she was shot at by unidentified gunmen and escaped unhurt. Her home has three times been ransacked, with passports and documents being taken.
She is married to journalist Sirmed Manzoor.
- ^ a b c "Journalist couple shot at in Pakistan, both unhurt". Hindustan Times. 2 November 2012. Archived from the original on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
- ^ "Marvi Sirmed". Pride of Pakistan. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- ^ a b c d "'Hijab is Still a Shit' Marvi Sirmed". Next TV. 9 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- ^ a b c d e admin (5 March 2020). "Shocking History You Don't Know About Marvi Sirmed". Reviewit.pk. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- ^ "Marvi Sirmed Reflects on Future of Pakistan @TAG TV". TAG TV. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- ^ a b c "Marvi Sirmed". Pakistan Herald. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- ^ "Time to pass the domestic violence bill – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 12 April 2012. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- ^ "Beating up women still not a crime". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- ^ "Secularism, 'patriotism' and Marvi Sirmed". Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- ^ a b c "Marvi Sirmed – NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY". www.ned.org. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- ^ a b Chris, Cynthia; Gerstner, David A. (15 February 2013). Media Authorship. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-48571-8.
- ^ a b c "CFWIJ urges government to act after trolls now target Marvi Sirmed - Journalism Pakistan". www.journalismpakistan.com. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- ^ "CFWIJ condemns death threats to Marvi Sirmed - Pakistan Today". www.pakistantoday.com.pk. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- ^ "Mahira Khan calls out Khalil Ur Rehman Qamar for his blatant misogyny". Dawn Images. 5 March 2020. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
- ^ Shakeel, Madiha (6 March 2020). "Media production house suspends Khalil ur Rehman Qamar". Business Recorder. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
- ^ Gulzar, Falah. "Pakistan: Director Khalil-ur-Rehman abuses journalist Marvi Sirmed on air for supporting #AuratMarch2020". Gulf News. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
- ^ "Pakistani Women's Rights Activist Sees Victory". RFE/RL. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- ^ "Well-known Pakistani journalist Marvi Sirmed shot at". NDTV. 2 November 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- ^ "Columnist Marvi Sarmad escapes attempt on life". The News. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
- ^ Dawn.com (22 June 2018). "Journalist Marvi Sirmed's home ransacked; electronic devices, travel documents stolen". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
- ^ "SAMC seeks probe into 'robbery' - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 10 October 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- ^ "Robbery at journalist's home condemned". DAWN.COM. 10 October 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Official website at the Wayback Machine (archived April 27, 2021)