Maria Sokil

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Maria Sokil (Rudnytsky) (October 18, 1902 – January 20, 1999) was a Ukrainian opera singer.[1]


Sokil was born in the village of Zherebets' (now Tavriiske) in the Zaporizhzhia Oblast on October 18, 1902. She studied at the conservatory in Katerynoslav from 1920 to 1925. She later studied in Italy, France, and Germany.[2]

She made her opera debut in Kharkiv in 1927 in the role of Marguerite in Gounod's opera Faust and became the prima donna lyric soprano of that opera theater. In 1929, she and bass Ivan Patorzhynsky, representative singer from Ukraine, went on a concert tour to Germany and Italy. Maria remained in Kharkiv until 1930; later, she joined the Kyiv Opera (1930–1932).[3] While in Kharkiv she met Antin Rudnytsky [Wikidata] (1902–1975), whom she married in 1931.[2] Rudnytsky was a composer, conductor, and pianist from Lviv, and he had recently been named an orchestra conductor in Kharkiv.[2] Later, in 1932, Maria Sokil performed at the Lviv Opera and Ballet Theater[3] and, with her husband, toured a number of countries in Eastern and Central Europe for the next several years coming with concerts to the United States and Canada in 1937 and then again in 1938–1939 and then remaining in the United States when World War II started.[4]

She had success with the roles of Desdemona (Verdi's Otello), Mimi (Puccini's La Bohème), Liu (Puccini's Turandot), Elsa (Richard Wagner's Lohengrin), Tatiana (Tchaikovsky's Eugene Onegin), Lisa (Tchaikovsky's The Queen of Spades), Odarka (Hulak-Artemovsky's Zaporozhets za Dunayem), and Natalka (Lysenko's Natalka Poltavka). In 1939, Sokil had the leading role (Odarka) in the motion picture Cossacks in Exile (Zaporozhets za Dunayem), made in the United States. Maria Sokil and her husband subsequently continued their musical activities in several different ways for many years in the United States.

She died on January 20, 1999, in Youngstown, Ohio, at the age of 96.[3]



  • Tara Palmer (Rudnytsky)
  • Evan Rudnytsky
  • Oksana McStowe (Rudnytsky)
  • Damian Rudnytsky


  1. ^ "Марія Сокіл – співуча українська зірка ХХ ст" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). 2015-12-10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-12-10. Retrieved 2023-06-28.
  2. ^ a b c "Prima Donna from Ukraine Gives Recital in Regina Friday". The Leader-Post. Regina, SK. March 6, 1939. p. 6. Retrieved June 12, 2022 – via Open access icon
  3. ^ a b c d e "Maria Rudnytsky, 96, Sang Opera in Ukraine". The Courier-News. Bridgewater, NJ. January 22, 1999. p. 17. Retrieved June 10, 2022 – via Open access icon
  4. ^ "55 Years Apart, Family Reunited". The Times. Shreveport, LA. May 31, 1987. p. 10. Retrieved June 11, 2022 – via Open access icon

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