Coordinates: 11°15′15.9″N 75°46′47.9″E / 11.254417°N 75.779972°E / 11.254417; 75.779972
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Mananchira square
View of the Mananachi pond gardens
Mananchira square entrance
Location of Mananachira lake within Kerala
Location of Mananachira lake within Kerala
Mananchira square
LocationKozhikode, Kerala, India
Coordinates11°15′15.9″N 75°46′47.9″E / 11.254417°N 75.779972°E / 11.254417; 75.779972
Max. length130 m (430 ft)
Max. width109 m (358 ft)
Surface area14,120 m2 (152,000 sq ft)
A sculpture by Jacek Tylicki: "Give If You Can - Take If You Have To"
Mananchira Gardens

mananchira square is a man-made freshwater pond park situated in the centre of the city of Kozhikode (Calicut) in Kerala, southern India. The pond is 3.49 acres (14,120 m2) in area, is rectangular in shape and is fed by a natural spring.


Mananchira was built as a bathing pool by the Zamorin Mana Vikrama, the feudal ruler of Kozhikode in around the 14th century. at the time of Tippu sultan Mysore ruler he made this as drinking water source as a gift For Sayed Jifri. The laterite obtained from excavating the pond was used to construct two palaces to the east and west.[1]

In the late 19th century, Calicut's municipal council decreed that the pond was to be reserved exclusively for drinking purposes, and prohibited its use for bathing, washing and recreational activities—a ruling that has remained in place ever since.[2] The pond is an important source of drinking water for Kozhikode, but is susceptible to pollution from municipal sewage, domestic waste, and pollutants from nearby textile factories. An analysis of the water in 2000 by scientists from the Central Water Analysis Laboratory and Pondicherry Central University found that the pond was particularly bacteriologically contaminated during the monsoon season, and was highly alkaline afterwards.[3]

New park[edit]

Mananchira Square, a park complex surrounding the lake was opened in 1994. Previously the Mananchira Square was known as Mananchira Maidanam (Playground) and was famous for football. Several football tournaments were conducted here. The Mananchira Maidanam was also famous for the religious activity called Mananchira Ayyappan Vilakku. The Mananchira Maidanam was transformed and named as Mananchira Square up on the leadership of then Kozhikode District Collector Mr Amitabh Kant, who was the administrator, by closing two roads in the vicinity. The place for conducting the Mananchira Ayyappan Vilakku (a religious function held every December) was shifted to Muthalakulam Maidanam (A ground near by to Mananchira Square / Maidanam, which was developed after filling a pond named Muthalakkulam).

Cultural events[edit]

The officials also kept a rule that Mananchira Square will not be used for any cultural or religious purpose, whereas nowadays its widely used for cultural purposes. There are many beautiful statues of Dhoti-clad Malayalam writers inside the park. The park opens after two pm and entrance is free. Other places of tourist attraction like the Pattala Pally and the Mittayi Theruvu are located near the park. The town hall and art gallery are also adjacent to the park. A hangout of non-Malayali residents called the Crown Theatre is on the western side of the park. The park has 250 beautiful lamp posts, an artificial rivulet and an open-air theater. The public library near the park has a huge collection of Malayalam and English books.

CSI Church, Mananchira, Kozhikode


The northern side of Mananchira is called Muthalakkulam. Muthalakkulam is traditional cloth drying ground used even now by the professionals in the laundry field. Touring Bookstall (TBS) Women's Hospital and Ahmadiyya Mosque are located here. Palayam Juma Masjid and the old Palayam bus station are also located here. Palayam junction boasts of the historic imperial building which was the first concrete building of Calicut city.

Mananchira Square[edit]

Mananchira Square is a park in the centre of Kozhikode, Kerala state, southern India. The historic maithan, adjacent to Mananchira has been converted into an acadia with trees and plants, an artificial hill, shrubs, sculpture, an open-air theatre, and a musical fountain.

Mananchira Square is named after the man-made lake Mananchira around which it is situated in the centre of the city. It is named after Mahadevan Samoothiri, the erstwhile ruler of the Kozhikode Kingdom, known as Mana-vedan Chira (pond) and later transformed to Mana-an-Chira.

100 years ago Valiyangadi and the beach area was the centre of Kozhikode city. In the 1970s the downtown shifted to Mananchira area and again, in the 1980s, Mavoor Road became the centre of attraction. In 2010s, Thondayad Bypass area and Palazhi on the Airport road has emerged as the new city centre with a vibrant night life.

The mythical Pathumma's Goat at Mananchira

Oyitti Road[edit]

Oyitti Road connects Mananchira with the railway station.

Important landmarks[edit]

  • LIC Divisional Office
  • Mathrubhumi newspaper office
  • Court Road
  • Calicut Nursing Home
  • S.M Street
  • Paramount Tower
  • Crown Cinema
  • Income tax office
  • State Bank of India
  • Head Post Office
  • District Police Chief office
  • Vaikom Mohammed Basheer Road
  • Calicut Townhall
  • Pattala palli (mosque)
  • Public Library
  • comtrust (Now closed)
  • Regional Office of National Child Development Council[4]



  1. ^ Ayyar, K.V. Krishna (1966). A short history of Kerala. Pai.
  2. ^ Nagarlok. Centree for Training and Research in Municipal Administration. 6. 1974. {{cite journal}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "Water Quality Status on Mananchira Lake in Kozhikode, Kerala". Environmental crisis and security in the new millennium. Delhi: Anmol Publications. 2000. ISBN 81-261-2178-5.
  4. ^ "National Child Development council". National Child Development council. Retrieved 15 January 2021.