M. M. Sharif

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M. M. Sharif
Islamabad, Pakistan
Alma materCambridge University
Aligarh Muslim University
AwardsTamgha-e-Imtiaz (1964)
RegionWestern Philosophy
SchoolAnalytic philosophy
InstitutionsPunjab University
Main interests
Religion, thoughts, dialectical monadism contemporary and Western Philosophy
Notable ideas
Muslim philosophy

Mian Mohammad Sharif (Urdu:محمد شریف ) (1965 – 1893) TI, was an influential Pakistani philosopher, Islamic scholar, and college professor. He is noted for his notable work in analytical philosophy and pioneered the idea of Muslim philosophy. He wrote on this subject and his work was published in international philosophical journals.[1]

He remained politically active with the Muslim League and advocated for the "idea" of establishing a separate state in British India, meaning a separate new state of Pakistan for the Muslims. He remained a vital member of the Islamic Ideology Council and taught at Islamia College, Lahore for the rest of his life.

Early life and career[edit]

Mian Mohammad Sharif was born in the suburban area of Lahore, situated in Shalimar Garden of Lahore, British Punjab, British Indian Empire, in 1893.[2]

Sharif was educated at the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, Aligarh and the famous Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) where he studied Philosophy. He received a BA degree in Philosophy from the Aligarh Muslim University before moving to the United Kingdom for higher education.[3] Settled at the Cambridge, Sharif began attending the graduate school of philosophy at the Cambridge University where he completed his MA and studied for his doctoral studies under reputed English philosopher G. E. Moore.[4]

His interest in realism and analytic philosophy under professor G. E. Moore further widened and M. M. Sharif extensively wrote on Monadism which was supervised by GE Moore as his PhD thesis which was submitted to the university. After receiving the PhD degree, his interest further shifted to Western Philosophy and he once noted "Philosophy must find a place for the sciences in the systematic whole of knowledge."[5]

Upon returning to British India, he served as chairman of philosophy department of the Aligarh Muslim University and briefly participated in Pakistan Movement.[3] In 1945, he was appointed as the General– President of the Indian Philosophical Congress until he moved to Lahore to accept the professorship of philosophy at the Punjab University after the 1947 partition of British India. In 1950, he founded and served as the first president of Pakistan Philosophical Congress, and remained associated with the society for the rest of his life. This organisation played a role in reviving interest in the study of modern philosophy.[6] In addition, he also served as principal of Islamia College, Lahore and Director of the Institute of Islamic Culture based in Lahore.[3] In 1956, he represented Pakistan in the UNESCO conference held in the United States. He was a member of the American Philosophical Association (Pacific Division) and a Director of the International Federation of Philosophical Societies, Paris. He already was the Founder-Life-President of Pakistan Philosophical Congress. Sharif died and was buried in Lahore in 1965.[3]


  1. ^ Muslim thought: its origin and achievements - by M. M. Sharif Boston University website, Published in 2013, Retrieved 20 November 2017
  2. ^ Qadir, C.A. (1966). The World of Philosophy: Studies Prepared in Honour of Professor M. M. Sharif. 1. Vol. 1 (1 ed.). Lahore: Sharif Presentation Volume Committee (Pakistan Philosophical Congress). GoogleBooks. p. 367. zoRWAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d Martin, Mathew. "Biographical annotations: M. M. Sharif". Martin Mathews, the Council for Research on Values and philosophy, Washington, U.S. Council for Research on Values and philosophy. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  4. ^ Ahmad, Naeem, ed. (1998). Philosophy in Pakistan. Washington, DC: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy (Book). ISBN 1565181085.
  5. ^ De Smet, S.J., Richard V. "Philosophical activity in Pakistan: 1947–1961". De Nobili College, Poona, India. Archived from the original on 9 May 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  6. ^ Philosophy in mumbo-jumbo land Dawn (newspaper), Published 4 May 2006, Retrieved 21 November 2017

Annotations and bibliography[edit]

  • Choudhury, Masudul Alam (27 January 2011). "A History of Muslim Philosophy". Islamic economics and finance an epistemological inquiry (1st ed.). Bingley, UK: Emerald Group. ISBN 978-0857247223.
  • Baldwin, Thomas, ed. (2003). "An Idealist View of Life". The Cambridge history of philosophy : 1870–1945 (1. publ. ed.). Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 052159104X.