Louis, Duke of Vendôme

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Duke of Vendôme
Louis in 1630, by Daniel Dumonstier
BornOctober 1612
Paris, France
Died6 August 1669 (aged 56)
Aix-en-Provence, France
(m. 1651; died 1657)
Louis de Bourbon-Vendôme
FatherCésar de Bourbon
MotherFrançoise de Lorraine
SignatureLouis's signature

Louis de Bourbon (October 1612 – 6 August 1669), was Duke of Mercœur and later the second Duke of Vendôme, and the grandson of Henry IV of France and Gabrielle d'Estrées. He became Duke of Vendôme in 1665, after the death of his father.


Louis was the son of César de Bourbon, Légitimé de France, Duke of Vendôme and Françoise de Lorraine (1592–1669), daughter of Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur (d. 1602).[1] Louis had a military career and was Governor of Provence from 1653 to 1669. After the death of his wife in 1657, he entered the church and became a cardinal and legate of France.[1] As a cardinal, he was styled as the cardinal de Vendôme.[2]

Marriage and issue[edit]

Louis married Laura Mancini, niece of Cardinal Mazarin, on 4 February 1651.[3] Their children:


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Kamen 2000, p. 301.
  2. ^ a b c Orr 2004, p. 19.
  3. ^ Pitts 2000, p. 55.


  • Kamen, Henry (2000). Who's who in Europe, 1450-1750. Routledge.
  • Orr, Clarissa Campbell, ed. (2004). Queenship in Europe 1660-1815: The Role of the Consort. Cambridge University Press.
  • Pitts, Vincent Joseph (2000). La Grande Mademoiselle at the Court of France: 1627-1693. Johns Hopkins University Press.
French nobility
Preceded by Duke of Mercœur
Succeeded by
Duke of Vendôme