List of typographical symbols and punctuation marks

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Typographical symbols and punctuation marks are marks and symbols used in typography with a variety of purposes such as to help with legibility and accessibility, or to identify special cases. This list gives those most commonly encountered with Latin script. For a far more comprehensive list of symbols and signs, see List of Unicode characters. For other languages and symbol sets (especially accents), see below

In this table,

  • The first cell in each row gives a symbol;
  • The second, a link to the article that details it, using its Unicode standard name or common alias (holding the mouse pointer on the hyperlink will pop up a summary of the symbol's function);
  • The third, symbols listed elsewhere in the table that is similar to it in meaning or appearance or that may be confused with it;
  • The fourth (if present) links to related article(s) or adds a clarification note.
Typographical symbols and punctuation marks
 Symbol    Name of the symbol[a]  Similar glyphs or concepts See also
◌́ Acute (accent) Apostrophe, Grave, Circumflex
❦ ❧ Aldus leaf Dingbat, Dinkus, Hedera, Index Fleuron
Almost equal to Tilde, Double hyphen Approximation, Glossary of mathematical symbols, Double tilde
& Ampersand plus sign Ligature (writing)
⟨ ⟩ Angle brackets Bracket, Parenthesis, Greater-than sign, Less-than sign, Guillemet Bracket
' ’ Apostrophe Quotation mark, Guillemet, Prime, Grave
* Asterisk Asterism, Dagger Footnote
Asterism Dinkus, Therefore sign
@ At sign
\ Backslash Slash, Solidus (/)
` Backtick
(non-Unicode name)
('Backtick' is an alias for the grave accent symbol)
Basis point (per ten thousand) Per cent, per mille (per 1,000)
Because sign Therefore sign
[ ] { } Brackets Angle bracket, Parenthesis
Bullet Interpunct
‸ ⁁ ⎀ Caret (proofreading) Caret (computing) (^)
⟨ ⟩ Chevron
(non-Unicode name)
('Chevron' is an alias for Angle bracket)
^ Circumflex (symbol) Caret (The freestanding circumflex symbol is known as a caret in computing and mathematics) Circumflex (diacritic), Caret (computing), Hat operator
◌̂ Circumflex (diacritic) Grave, Tilde Combining Diacritical Marks, Diacritic
: Colon Semicolon
, Comma Cedilla, Decimal separator
Commercial minus sign Minus sign, Division sign, Per cent, Obelus
🄯, (ɔ) Copyleft sign Copyright sign
© Copyright sign Sound recording copyright Circled latin capital letter C
¤ Currency sign Square lozenge ("Pillow") various Currency symbols
† ‡ Dagger Obelus Footnotes, Latin cross,
(and more)
Dash Hyphen, Hyphen-minus, minus sign Em dash, En dash
° Degree sign Masculine ordinal indicator
* * * Dinkus Asterism, Fleuron, Dingbat
(many) Dingbat Dinkus, Fleuron
Diameter Ø (Scandinavian orthography),
Slashed zero; empty set
" Ditto mark Quotation mark
÷ Division sign Slash (Solidus) (/), Obelus
Dotted circle (Used as a generic placeholder when describing diacritics) Combining Diacritical Marks
⹀ ⸗ Double hyphen Almost equal to
= Equals sign
Estimated sign
! Exclamation mark Inverted exclamation mark, Interrobang
ª Feminine ordinal indicator Masculine ordinal indicator, Degree sign
(many) Fleuron Dinkus, Dingbat
❦ ❧ Floral heart Dingbat, Dinkus, Hedera, Index Fleuron
. Full stop Interpunct, Period Decimal separator
♀ ♂ ⚥ Gender symbol LGBT symbols
` Grave (symbol) Quotation mark#Typewriters and early computers
◌̀ Grave (diacrictic) Acute, Circumflex, Tilde Combining Diacritical Marks, Diacritic
> Greater-than sign Angle bracket
« » Guillemet Angle brackets, quotation marks Much greater than
❦ ❧ Hedera Dingbat, Dinkus, Index, Pilcrow Fleuron
Hyphen Dash, Hyphen-minus
- Hyphen-minus Dash, Hyphen, Minus sign
Index Manicule, Obelus (medieval usage)
· Interpunct Full-stop, Period, Decimal separator
Interrobang (combined
'Question mark' and 'Exclamation mark')
Inverted question and exclamation marks
¡ Inverted exclamation mark Exclamation mark, Interrobang
¿ Inverted question mark Question mark, Interrobang
< Less-than sign Angle bracket, Chevron, Guillemet
Lozenge Square lozenge ("Pillow")
Manicule Index, Obelus
º Masculine ordinal indicator Feminine ordinal indicator, Degree sign
Minus sign Hyphen-minus, Commercial minus
× Multiplication sign X mark
# Number sign Numero sign. Also known as "octothorpe" and "hash" Pound sign
Numero sign Number sign
Image of manuscript annotation symbols Obelus Division sign, Dagger, Commercial minus, Index
( ) Parenthesis Bracket, Angle bracket
% Percent sign Per mille (per 1,000), Basis point (per 10,000)
Per mille Percent, Basis point
. Period
Pilcrow Paragraph mark, paragraph sign, paraph, alinea, or blind P Section sign ('Silcrow')
(non-Unicode name)
'Pillow' is an informal nick-name for the 'Square lozenge' in the travel industry. The generic Currency sign is superficially similar
| Pipe
(non-Unicode name)
(formally, "vertical bar")
+ Plus sign minus sign, ampersand
± Plus–minus sign ('plus or minus') Approximately equal to
′ ″ ‴ Prime (symbol) Apostrophe, quotation marks foot (unit), Inch, Minute, Second
? Question mark Inverted question mark, Interrobang
“ ”   " "
‘ ’   ' '
Quotation marks Apostrophe, Ditto, Guillemets, Prime Inch, Second
® Registered trademark symbol Trademark symbol
¤ Scarab
(non-Unicode name)
('Scarab' is an informal name for the generic Currency sign)
§ Section sign section symbol, section mark, double-s, 'silcrow' Pilcrow
; Semicolon Colon
Service mark symbol Trademark symbol
(and more)
(non-Unicode name)
Division sign, Backslash also known as "stroke"
/ Solidus
(the most common of the slash symbols)
Division sign Called "slant" in ASCII
Sound recording copyright symbol Copyright sign
Square lozenge Currency sign
Therefore sign Asterism, Because
~ Tilde (symbol) Tilde (diacritic)
Wave dash
Double tilde
◌̃ Tilde (diacritic) Circumflex, Grave Combining Diacritical Marks, Diacritic
Trademark symbol Registered trade mark
_ Underscore
| Vertical bar also known as a 'pipe'
/ Virgule Slash Virgule (disambiguation)

See also[edit]

Lists of other typographic entities[edit]


  1. ^ As defined in the Unicode standards

External links[edit]