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The sixteen constituent states of Germany are divided into a total of 401 administrative Kreis or Landkreis; these consist of 294 rural districts (German: Landkreise or Kreise – the latter in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein only), and 107 urban districts (Kreisfreie Städte or, in Baden-Württemberg only, Stadtkreise – cities that constitute districts in their own right).
- Districts of Germany
- States of Germany
- List of rural districts with populations and area (in German)
- List of urban districts with populations and area (in German)
- "Country Compendium, A companion to the English Style Guide" (PDF). Directorate-General for Translation of the European Commission. May 2014. pp. 47–48. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-04-01.
- "Verwaltungsgliederung in Deutschland am 30.06.2017 — Gebietsstand: 30.06.2017 (2. Quartal)" (XLS) (in German). Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland. July 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
- "Kreisfreie Städte und Landkreise nach Fläche und Bevölkerung auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011 und Bevölkerungsdichte — Gebietsstand: 31.12.2015" (XLS) (in German). Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland. July 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
- The districts of Aachen, Hanover and Saarbrücken have a different statute, as a Kommunalverband besonderer Art.
- Although not formally an urban district, Aachen, Göttingen and Hanover have certain rights of urban districts, and consequently are listed twice.
- Seat of the rural district's administration, but not part of the district (being an urban district itself). Urban district and adjacent rural district often share the name of the central city.
- As constituent states of Germany, Berlin and Hamburg also function as separate urban districts.
- The cities Bremen and Bremerhaven are two separate urban districts, together they form the "city-state" Bremen.