List of rivers of Pakistan

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Rivers in Pakistan
Population density of Pakistan 2017.The Population of Pakistan is Concentrated mainly around the Indus River and its tributaries.

This is a list of rivers wholly or partly in Pakistan, organised geographically by river basin, from west to east. Tributaries are listed from the mouth to the source. The longest and the largest river in Pakistan is the Indus River. Around two-thirds of water supplied for irrigation and in homes come from the Indus and its associated rivers.[1]

Flowing into the Arabian Sea[edit]

Some of these rivers flow only during the rainy season, so for part of the year the water may or may not reach the sea.

Indus River basin[edit]

Tributary river of River Indus; flows from Tangir Valley District Diamer down to the river Indus with Karakuram Highway.

Flowing into endorheic basins[edit]


Sistan Basin[edit]

  • Helmand River (Iran/Afghanistan)
    • Arghandab River (Afghanistan)

Indus Plains[edit]

  • Nari River
    • Mula River
    • Bolan River
    • Beji River
      • Anambar River
        • Loralai River
    • Loe Manda River

Thar Desert[edit]

Tarim Basin[edit]

Ancient rivers[edit]

  • Ghaggar-Hakra River: An intermittent river in India and Pakistan that flows only during the monsoon season. While it is often identified with the Sarasvati River,[2] this is not a consensus view.[3] The Hakra is the dried-out channel of a river in Pakistan that is the continuation of the Ghaggar River in India. Several times, but not continuously, it carried the water of the Sutlej during the Bronze Age period [4] Many settlements of the Indus Valley civilisation have been found along the Ghaggar and Hakra rivers.
  • Saraswati River: Also known as Sarasvati River. This river was one of the major rivers of Ancient India which no longer exists.


  1. ^ "Introduction to Pakistan: Section 4: Rivers".
  2. ^ Oldham, R. D. (1893). "The Saraswati and the Lost River of the Indian Desert". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society: 49–76.
  3. ^ Agarwal, Vishal (2003). "A Reply to Michael Witzel's 'Ein Fremdling im Rgveda'" (PDF). Journal of Indo-European Studies. 31 (1–2): 107–185. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 May 2018. It may be noted that the Nara is still called the Sarasvati by rural Sindhis and its dried up delta in Kutch is still regarded as that of Sarasvati by the locals.
  4. ^ Mughal 1997[citation needed]

External links[edit]