List of political parties in the Ottoman Empire

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List of parties in Ottoman Empire gives an overview of political parties in Ottoman Empire. Although the First Constitutional Era established the parliament in 1876 through the constitution, it was short-lived and did not involve political parties. The declaration of the Second Constitutional Era in 1908 was the first time political parties were allowed participation in the Ottoman government.

Jewish workers march in Salonica (Socialist Workers' Federation)
Committee of Union and Progress

Second Constitutional Era parties (1908–1912)[edit]

The 1913 coup d'état and the aftermath of Mahmud Shevket Pasha's assassination meant the CUP took full control over Ottoman politics, effectively suspending the constitution and suppressing opposition parties. No political parties were founded between 1912 and 1918.

Armistice era parties (1918–1922)[edit]

Ethnic parties[edit]