List of communist parties

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

     Official ruling parties in communist states
     Communist parties as ruling parties or part of a governing coalition in multi-party states
     Formerly ruled under a one-party system
     Formerly ruled under a parliamentary majority or minority government
     Formerly ruled as a coalition partner or supporter
     Parts of countries formerly ruled under a one-party system

There are a number of communist parties active in various countries across the world and a number that used to be active. They differ not only in method, but also in strict ideology and interpretation, although they are generally within the tradition of Marxism–Leninism.

The formation of communist parties in various countries was first initiated by the Russian Bolsheviks within the Communist International. Since then, communist parties have governed numerous countries, whether as ruling parties in one-party states like the Chinese Communist Party or the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, or as ruling parties in multi-party systems, including majority and minority governments as well as leading or being part of several coalitions.

Many other communist parties did not govern any country, but did govern a state or region within a country. Others have also been represented in national, state, or regional parliaments. Some communist parties and schools of thought reject parliamentarism, instead advocating insurrection or social revolution as well as workers' councils.

Officially ruling in communist states[edit]

In the following countries, communist parties either lead the ruling coalition or hold monopoly on state power as defined by their respective country's constitutions.

Country Logo Name Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology Legislature Notes
 China Communist Party of China
中国共产党
CPC
中共
Xi Jinping 1 July 1921 (1921-07-01) National People's Congress:
2,091 / 2,980
Leads the United front
 Cuba Communist Party of Cuba
Partido Comunista de Cuba
PCC Miguel Díaz-Canel 3 October 1965 (1965-10-03) Marxism–Leninism

Left-wing nationalism
Castroism
Guevarism Socialist patriotism

National Assembly:
605 / 605
Leads the Committees for the Defense of the Revolution
 Laos Lao People's Revolutionary Party
ພັກປະຊາຊົນປະຕິວັດລາວ
LPRP
ພປປລ
Thongloun Sisoulith 22 May 1955 (1955-05-22) Marxism–Leninism
Kaysone Phomvihane Thought
National Assembly:
158 / 164
Leads the Lao Front for National Development
 North Korea Workers' Party of Korea
조선로동당
WPK
로동당
Kim Jong Un 24 June 1948 (1948-06-24) Kimilsungism–Kimjongilism Supreme People's Assembly:
607 / 687
Leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of Korea
 Vietnam Communist Party of Vietnam
Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam
CPV
ĐCSVN
Nguyễn Phú Trọng 3 February 1930 (1930-02-03) Marxism–Leninism
Ho Chi Minh Thought

Socialist patriotism Vietnamese nationalism

National Assembly:
485 / 499
Leads the Vietnamese Fatherland Front

Ruling or part of ruling coalition in multi-party states[edit]

Country Logo Name Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology Legislature Notes
 Bangladesh Workers Party of Bangladesh

বাংলাদেশের ওয়ার্কার্স পার্টি

WPB Rashed Khan Menon Marxism-Leninism

Anti-revisionism

Jatiya Sangsad:
1 / 350
Confidence and supply
 Belarus Communist Party of Belarus
Камуністычная партыя Беларусі
CPB
КПБ
Aliaksiej Sokal 2 November 1996 (1996-11-02) Marxism–Leninism

Soviet patriotism
Belarusian–Russian unionism Pro-Lukashenko

House of Representatives:
11 / 110
Supports the government of president Alexander Lukashenko
 Brazil Communist Party of Brazil
Partido Comunista do Brasil
PCdoB Luciana Santos 25 March 1922 Marxism–Leninism Chamber of Deputies:
6 / 513
Member of the ruling federation, Brazil of Hope
 Chile Communist Party of Chile
Partido Comunista de Chile
PCCh Guillermo Teillier 4 June 1912 (1912-06-04) Marxism–Leninism

Left-wing populism

Chamber of Deputies:
12 / 155
Member of the ruling Apruebo Dignidad coalition
 Colombia Colombian Communist Party
Partido Comunista Colombiano
PCC Jaime Caycedo 1930 Marxism–Leninism
Bolivarianism
Chamber of Representatives:
0 / 188
Senate:
0 / 108
Member of the ruling Historic Pact for Colombia
Commons
Comunes
Timoleón Jiménez 1 September 2017 Marxism–Leninism
Bolivarianism
Chamber of Representatives:
5 / 188
Senate:
5 / 108
   Nepal Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (एकीकृत मार्क्सवादी-लेनिनवादी)
CPN (UML) KP Sharma Oli 6 January 1991 (1991-01-06) Marxism–Leninism
People's Multiparty Democracy
House of Representatives:
78 / 275
National Assembly:
17 / 59
Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)
नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (माओवादी केन्द्र)
CPN (Maoist)
नेकपा (माओवादी)
Pushpa Kamal Dahal 1994 (1994) Prachanda Path
Left-wing nationalism
House of Representatives:
32 / 275
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist)
नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (एकीकृत-समाजवादी)
CPN (Unified Socialist)
नकप (एकीकृत-समाजवादी)
Madhav Kumar Nepal 18 August 2021 (2021-08-18) Marxism–Leninism
People's Multiparty Democracy
House of Representatives:
10 / 275
 Palestine Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير فلسطين
PFLP Ahmad Sa'adat 11 December 1967 (1967-12-11) Palestinian nationalism
Marxism–Leninism
Revolutionary socialism
One-state solution
Anti-Zionism

Secularism Anti-imperialism Pan-Arabism Arab nationalism

Legislative Council:
3 / 132
Member of the PLO
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine
الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير فلسطين
DFLP Nayef Hawatmeh 1969 (1969) Marxism–Leninism

Maoism
Palestinian nationalism
Left-wing nationalism
Anti-Zionism

Legislative Council:
1 / 132
Palestinian People's Party
حزب الشعب الفلسطيني
PPP Bassam Al-Salhi February 1982 (1982-02) Marxism
Palestinian nationalism
Left-wing nationalism
Legislative Council:
1 / 132
 South Africa South African Communist Party SACP Blade Nzimande 12 February 1921 (1921-02-12) Marxism–Leninism
Left-wing nationalism
National Assembly:
0 / 400
Participates in the ruling Tripartite Alliance
 Spain Communist Party of Spain
Partido Comunista de España
PCE Enrique Santiago 14 November 1921 (1921-11-14) Marxism–Leninism
Republicanism
Internationalism
Federalism

Feminism

Congress of Deputies:
6 / 350
Participates in the United Left and Unidas Podemos, member of the PSOE-led government
 Syria Syrian Communist Party
الحزب الشيوعي السوري
SCP Ammar Bakdash 1986 (1986) Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism
People's Assembly:
2 / 250
Participates in the ruling National Progressive Front
Syrian Communist Party (Unified)
الحزب الشيوعي السوري (الموحد)
SCP(U) Hanin Nimir 1986 (1986) Marxism–Leninism People's Assembly:
2 / 250
 Tajikistan Communist Party of Tajikistan CPT Miroj Abdulloyev 1924 Marxism–Leninism

Soviet patriotism

Assembly of Representatives:
2 / 63
External support to government
 Venezuela Revolutionary Movement Tupamaro
Movimiento Revolucionario Tupamaro
MRT Oswaldo Jiménez 1992 (1992) Marxism-Leninism
Guevarism

Foco theory Left-wing nationalism Revolutionary socialism

Chamber of Deputies:
7 / 277
Participates in the ruling Great Patriotic Pole
Venezuelan Popular Unity
Unidad Popular Venezolana
UPV Lina Ron 6 February 2004 (2004-02-06) Bolivarianism

Socialism Anti-imperialism Marxism

Chamber of Deputies:
2 / 277
Venezuelan Revolutionary Currents
Corrientes Revolucionarias Venezolanas
CRV Ramsés Augusto Reyes Colmenares [es] 2000 (2000) Guevarism
Chavismo
Anti-imperialism

Left-wing nationalism

Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 277

Opposition parties in multi-party states[edit]

Country Logo Name Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology Legislature Notes
 Argentina Revolutionary Communist Party PCR Otto Vargas Member of the Unión por la Patria
 Cyprus Progressive Party of Working People
Anorthotikó Kómma Ergazómenou Laoú
AKEL Stefanos Stefanou 15 August 1926 (1926-08-15) Marxism–Leninism
Pacifism
Cypriot nationalism

Federalism Soft euroscepticism

House of Representatives:
15 / 56
 France French Communist Party
Parti communiste français
PCF Fabien Roussel 30 December 1920 Marxism–Leninism

Soft Euroscepticism

National Assembly:
12 / 577
An important pillar of New Ecologic and Social People's Union
 India Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) Sitaram Yechury Marxism–Leninism Rajya Sabha:
5 / 245
Lok Sabha:
3 / 543
Member of non-organisational bloc Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance
 Moldova Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova
Partidul Comuniștilor din Republica Moldova
PCRM Vladimir Voronin 19 October 1993 (1993-10-19) Marxism–Leninism
Moldovenism

Social conservatism Soviet patriotism Russophilia

Parliament:
10 / 101
Member of BECS
 Russia Communist Party of the Russian Federation
Коммунистическая Партия Российской Федерации
CPRF Gennady Zyuganov 14 February 1993 (1993-02-14) Marxism–Leninism

Left-wing nationalism Social conservatism Soviet patriotism Neo-Stalinism

State Duma:
57 / 450
Federation Council:
4 / 178
 Transnistria Transnistrian Communist Party
Приднестровская коммунистическая партия
PKP Nadezhda Bondarenko Marxism-Leninism No members in parliament but only opposition party with the second position in the votes
 Uruguay Communist Party of Uruguay
Partido Comunista del Uruguay
PCU Juan Castillo 19 September 1920 (1920-09-19) Marxism–Leninism
Internationalism
Chamber of Representatives:
6 / 99
Member of the Broad Front
42 / 99
Movement of Popular Participation
Movimiento de Participación Popular
MPP José Mujica 6 April 1989 (1989-04-06) Marxism–Leninism
Anti-capitalism

Socialism of the 21st century Democratic socialism Progressivism

Chamber of Representatives:
25 / 99
People's Victory Party
Partido por la Victoria del Pueblo
PVP July 1975 Marxism
Guevarism

Libertarian socialism Anti-capitalism Anti-authoritarianism

Chamber of Representatives:
1 / 99

Formerly ruling[edit]

One-party system[edit]

Country Logo Name Abbr. Leaders Founded Dissolved Ideology Notes
 Afghanistan
(1978–1992)
People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan
حزب دموکراتيک خلق افغانستان
د افغانستان د خلق دموکراټیک ګوند
PDPA Nur Muhammad Taraki (first)
Mohammad Najibullah (last)
1 January 1965 (1965-01-01) 16 April 1992 (1992-04-16) Marxism–Leninism
Left-wing nationalism
Secularism

Revolutionary socialism

Abandoned Marxism–Leninism in 1987, deposed in 1992
 Albania
(1946–1992)
Party of Labour of Albania
Partia e Punës e Shqipërisë
PPSh Enver Hoxha (first)
Ramiz Alia (last)
8 November 1941 (1941-11-08) 13 June 1991 (1991-06-13) Marxism–Leninism
Hoxhaism

Stalinism
Anti-revisionism

Abandoned Marxism–Leninism for social democracy in 1991 and now known as the Socialist Party of Albania
 Angola
(1975–1992)
People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola
Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola
MPLA Agostinho Neto (first)
João Lourenço (current)
10 December 1956 (1956-12-10) Marxism–Leninism Abandoned Marxism–Leninism for social democracy
Azerbaijan People's Government
(1945–1946)
Azerbaijani Democratic Party
Azərbaycan Demokrat Firqəsi
فرقه دموکرات آذربایجان<
ADP
ADF
فدآ<
Ja'far Pishevari 3 September 1945 (1945-09-03) 1960 (1960) Marxism–Leninism
Azerbaijani nationalism
Left-wing nationalism

Pan-Turkism

Ceased to exist in exile
 Benin
(1975–1990)
People's Revolutionary Party of Benin
Parti de la révolution populaire du Bénin
PRPB Mathieu Kérékou 30 November 1975 (1975-11-30) 30 April 1990 (1990-04-30) Marxism–Leninism
Scientific socialism

Beninese nationalism

Abandoned Marxism–Leninism for social democracy and is now known as the Union of Forces of Progress
 Bulgaria
(1946–1990)
Bulgarian Communist Party
Българска комунистическа партия
PRPB
БКП
Dimitar Blagoev (first)
Aleksandar Lilov (last)
27 May 1919 (1919-05-27) 3 April 1990 (1990-04-03) Marxism–Leninism

Stalinism (until 1956)

Abandoned Marxism–Leninism for social democracy and is now known as the Bulgarian Socialist Party
 Cambodia
(1975–1979)
Communist Party of Kampuchea
បក្សកុម្មុយនីស្តកម្ពុជា
CPK
ប.ក.ក
Tou Samouth (first)
Pol Pot (last)
30 September 1960 (1960-09-30) 6 December 1981 (1981-12-06) Maoism
Khmer nationalism
Agrarianism
Anti-intellectualism
Autarky
Succeeded by the exiled, non-ruling and now defunct Party of Democratic Kampuchea
 Cambodia
(1979–1992)
Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party
គណបក្សប្រជាជនបដិវត្តន៍កម្ពុជា
KPRP Pen Sovan (first)
Heng Samrin (last)
28 June 1951 (1951-06-28)
5 January 1979 (1979-01-05)
17 October 1991 (1991-10-17) Marxism–Leninism
Revisionism
Abandoned Marxism–Leninism for centrism and is now known as the Cambodian People's Party
 Cape Verde
(1981–1990)
African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde PAICV Aristides Pereira 20 January 1981 Marxism–Leninism
Left-wing nationalism
Abandoned Marxism–Leninism for democratic socialism
 Congo
(1979–1992)
Congolese Party of Labour
Parti congolais du travail
PCT Marien Ngouabi (first)
Denis Sassou Nguesso (current)
29 December 1969 (1969-12-29) Marxism–Leninism
Scientific socialism
Abandoned Marxism–Leninism for social democracy
 Croatia
(1945–1990)
League of Communists of Croatia
Savez komunista Hrvatske
SKH Pavle Gregorić (first)
Ivica Račan (last)
1 August 1937 (1937-08-01) 3 November 1990 (1990-11-03) Marxism–Leninism
Titoism (from 1948)
Abandoned Marxism–Leninism and Titoism for social democracy in 1989–1990 and is now known as the Social Democratic Party of Croatia
 Czechoslovakia
(1948–1990)
Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
Komunistická strana Československa
KSČ Václav Šturc (first)
Ladislav Adamec (last)
16 May 1921 (1921-05-16) 3 November 1992 (1992-11-03) Marxism–Leninism
Socialism with a human face (1968)
Husakism (1969–1989)
Split into the non-ruling Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia and the social democratic Party of the Democratic Left (Slovakia)
 Ethiopia
(1979–1984)
Commission for Organizing the Party of the Working People of Ethiopia
የኢትዮጵያ የሥራ ሕዝብ ፓርቲ የማደራጀት ኮሚሽን
COPWE Mengistu Haile Mariam 17 December 1979 (1979-12-17) 12 September 1984 (1984-09-12) Marxism–Leninism Succeeded by the Workers' Party of Ethiopia
 Ethiopia
(1984–1991)
Workers' Party of Ethiopia
የኢትዮጵያ ሠራተኞች ፓርቲ
WPE
የሠፓ
12 September 1984 (1984-09-12) 21 May 1991 (1991-05-21) Marxism–Leninism Deposed in 1991
 East Germany
(1949–1989)
Socialist Unity Party of Germany
Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands
SED Wilhelm Pieck & Otto Grotewohl (first)
Egon Krenz (last)
21 April 1946 (1946-04-21) 16 December 1989 (1989-12-16) Marxism–Leninism
Socialist patriotism

Stalinism (until 1956)

Became the Party of Democratic Socialism and is now a part of The Left
 Greece
(1944, 1947–1949)
Communist Party of Greece
Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας
KKE
ΚΚΕ
Avraam Benaroya (first)
Dimitris Koutsoumpas (current)
17 November 1918 (1918-11-17) Marxism–LeninismInternationalismAnti-capitalism
Euroscepticism
Overthrown during the Greek Civil War
 Grenada
(1979–1983)
New Jewel Movement NJM Maurice Bishop 11 March 1973 (1973-03-11) 29 October 1983 (1983-10-29) Marxism–Leninism
State atheism
Revolutionary socialism
RepublicanismLeft-wing populism

Pan-AfricanismAnti-colonialism

Lost power and ceased to exist after an internal party split, a military coup and the American invasion, succeeded by the Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement
 Hungary
(1919)
Hungarian Communist Party
Magyar Kommunista Párt
MKP Béla Kun (first)
Mátyás Rákosi (last)
24 November 1918 (1918-11-24) 22 July 1948 (1948-07-22) Marxism–Leninism
State atheism
Revolutionary socialism
Republicanism

Stalinism

Deposed in August 1919
 Hungary
(1948–1989)
Merged with the Social Democratic Party of Hungary in the Hungarian Working People's Party
Hungarian Working People's Party
Magyar Dolgozók Pártja
MDP Mátyás Rákosi (first)
János Kádár (last)
22 July 1948 (1948-07-22) 31 October 1956 (1956-10-31) Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Reorganized into the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
Magyar Szocialista Munkáspárt
MSZMP János Kádár (first)
Rezső Nyers (last)
31 October 1956 (1956-10-31) 7 October 1989 (1989-10-07) Marxism–Leninism
Kádárism
Abandoned Marxism–Leninism for social democracy and is now known as the Hungarian Socialist Party
 Madagascar
(1976–1992)
Vanguard of the Malagasy Revolution
Antokin'ny Revolisiona Malagasy
AREMA Didier Ratsiraka (first)
Annick Zoary Ratsiraka (current)
30 November 1976 (1976-11-30) Marxism–Leninism
Left-wing nationalism
Abandoned Marxism–Leninism for social democracy and is now known as the Malagasy Revolutionary Party
 Mongolia
(1921–1992)
Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Монгол Ардын Хувьсгалт Нам
MAKhN
МАХН
Damdin Sükhbaatar (first)
Luvsannamsrain Oyun-Erdene (current)
25 June 1920 (1920-06-25) Marxism–Leninism

Stalinism (1928-1956)

Abandoned Marxism–Leninism for social democracy
 Mozambique
(1975–1990)
FRELIMO Party
Partido FRELIMO
FRELIMO Eduardo Mondlane (first)
Filipe Nyusi (current)
25 June 1962 (1962-06-25) Marxism–Leninism

Left-wing nationalism

Abandoned Marxism–Leninism for democratic socialism
 Poland
(1944–1989)
Polish Workers' Party
Polska Partia Robotnicza
PPR Władysław Gomułka 5 January 1942 (1942-01-05) 16 December 1948 (1948-12-16) Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Merged with the Polish Socialist Party to form the Polish United Workers' Party
Polish United Workers' Party
Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza
PZPR Bolesław Bierut (first)
Mieczysław Rakowski (last)
16 December 1948 (1948-12-16) 30 January 1990 (1990-01-30) Marxism–Leninism
Left-wing nationalism

Stalinism (until 1956)

Abandoned Marxism–Leninism for social democracy and later known as the Democratic Left Alliance
 Romania
(1945–1989)
Romanian Communist Party
Partidul Comunist Român
PCR Gheorghe Cristescu (first)
Nicolae Ceaușescu (last)
8 May 1921 (1921-05-08) 22 December 1989 (1989-12-22) Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism

Left-wing nationalism Socialist patriotism Neo-Stalinism (post-1971)
National Communism (post-1971)

Dissolved after the Romanian Revolution
 Somalia
(1976–1991)
Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
Xisbiga Hantiwadaagga Kacaanka Soomaaliyeed
XHKS Siad Barre 26 June 1976 (1976-06-26) 26 January 1992 (1992-01-26) Marxism–Leninism
Islamic socialism
Pan-Somalism
Scientific socialism
Somali nationalism
Militarism
Deposed in 1991
 Soviet Union
(1922–1991)
Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Коммунистическая партия Советского Союза
CPSU
КПСС
Vladimir Lenin (first)
Mikhail Gorbachev (last)
May 1917 (1917-05) 6 November 1991 (1991-11-06) Leninism (1922–1927)
Stalinism (1927–1953)
Marxism–Leninism (1953–1991)
Soviet patriotism
Banned in 1991, de facto succeeded by UCP-CPSU and CPRF
 South Yemen
(1967–1990)
National Liberation Front
الجبهة القومية للتحرير
NLF Qahtan Muhammad al-Shaabi 1963 (1963) 13 October 1978 (1978-10-13) Marxism–Leninism
Arab nationalism
Reorganized itself into the Yemeni Socialist Party
Yemeni Socialist Party
الحزب الاشتراكي اليمني
YSP Abdul Fattah Ismail (first)
Abdulraham Al-Saqqaf (current)
13 October 1978 (1978-10-13) Marxism–Leninism
Arab nationalism

Anti-imperialism

Abandoned Marxism–Leninism for social democracy
 Tannu Tuva
(1921–1944)
Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party
Тьва arat-хuviskaalçь nam
Тувинская народно-революционная партия
TPRP
ТAХN
ТНРП
Namachyn (first)
Salchak Toka (last)
21 October 1921 (1921-10-21) 11 October 1944 (1944-10-11) Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Became the Tuvan Regional Committee of the VKP(b), later CPSU
 Yugoslavia
(1945–1990)
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
Савез комуниста Југославије
Savez komunista Jugoslavije
SKJ
СКJ
Josip Broz Tito (1939–1980)
Milan Pančevski (last)
20 April 1919 (1919-04-20) 22 January 1990 (1990-01-22) Marxism–Leninism
Titoism
Splintered into its many constituent parties in 1990

Parliamentary majority or minority government[edit]

Country Logo Name Abbr. Leaders Founded Dissolved Ideology Notes
 Austria
(1945–1949)
Communist Party of Austria
Kommunistische Partei Österreichs
KPÖ Ruth Fischer & Franz Koritschoner & Lucien Laurat (first)
Mirko Messner (current)
3 November 1918 (1918-11-03) Marxism–Leninism
Anti-fascism

Socialism

Participated in the provisional coalition of the Government of Austria after World War II and for four years after the 1945 Austrian legislative election
 Bangladesh
(1975)
Bangladesh Worker's-Peasants' People's League
বাংলাদেশ কৃষক শ্রমিক আওয়ামী লীগ
BAKSAL
বাংকশ্আল
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman 24 February 1975 (1975-02-24) 15 August 1975 (1975-08-15) State socialism
Bengali nationalism

Mujibism

Dissolved after the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
 Chad
(1993)
Chadian Action for Unity and Socialism
Action Tchadienne pour l'unité et le socialisme
ACTUS Fidèle Moungar 1 May 1981 (1981-05-01) Marxism–Leninism
Ecologism

Stalinism

The party's leader was chosen as Prime Minister in April 1993 by the Sovereign National Conference, but subsequently lost an October 1993 vote of no-confidence and resigned.
 Cyprus
(2008–2013)
Progressive Party of Working People
Ανορθωτικό Κόμμα Εργαζόμενου Λαού
AKEL
ΑΚΕΛ
Ploutis Servas (first)
Stefanos Stefanou (current)
15 August 1926 (1926-08-15) Marxism–Leninism
Pacifism
Cypriot nationalism

Federalism Soft euroscepticism

Won the 2008 election and ruled until 2013
 Guyana
(1992–2015)
People's Progressive Party/Civic PPP/С Cheddi Jagan & Janet Jagan (first)
Bharrat Jagdeo (current)
1 January 1950 (1950-01-01) Social democracy
Left-wing populism
Left-wing nationalism
Nominally:
Marxism–Leninism
The party de facto abandoned Marxism–Leninism in favor of social democracy by 2015.
 India
(1996–1998)
Communist Party of India CPI Sachchidanand Vishnu Ghate (first)
D. Raja (current)
26 December 1925 (1925-12-26) Marxism–Leninism
Left-wing nationalism
Member of the United Front and its coalition government
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) Puchalapalli Sundarayya (first)
Sitaram Yechury (current)
7 November 1964 (1964-11-07) Marxism–Leninism
Left-wing nationalism
Member of the United Front and its coalition government
 Moldova
(2001–2009)
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova
Partidul Comuniștilor din Republica Moldova
PCRM Vladimir Voronin 22 October 1993 (1993-10-22) Marxism–Leninism
Moldovenism

Social conservatism Soviet patriotism Russophilia

Deposed after the 2009 protests
   Nepal
(1994–1995, 2008–2013, 2015–2017, 2018–2021)
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (एकीकृत मार्क्सवादी-लेनिनवादी)
CPN (UML)
नेकपा (एमाले)
Madan Bhandari (first)
K. P. Sharma Oli (current)
6 January 1991 (1991-01-06)
8 March 2021 (2021-03-08)
17 May 2018 (2018-05-17) Marxism–Leninism
People's Multiparty Democracy
Merged with the CPN (MC) to form the Nepal Communist Party in 2018, refounded in 2021
Nepal Communist Party
नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी
NCP
नेकपा
K. P. Sharma Oli
Pushpa Kamal Dahal
17 May 2018 (2018-05-17) 8 March 2021 (2021-03-08) Marxism–Leninism
People's Multiparty Democracy
Prachanda Path
Democratic centralism
Secularism
Federalism
Dissolved as a result of internal conflicts in 2021
 San Marino
(1945-1957, 1978-1992)
Sammarinese Communist Party
Partidul Comuniștilor din Republica Moldova
PCS Ermenegildo Gasperoni 22 October 1993 (1993-10-22) Communism Deposed by coup d'etat orchestrated by Italy and America in Fatti di Rovereta

Coalition partner or supporter[edit]

Modern non-ruling[edit]

Country/Territory Logo Name Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology Legislature Notes
 Abkhazia Communist Party of Abkhazia
Аԥсны Акомунисттә Апартиа
CPA
ААА
Lev Shamba March 1921 Marxism–Leninism People's Assembly:
0 / 35
 Afghanistan Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan
حزب كمونيست (مائوئيست) افغانستان
CMPM 2004 Marxism–Leninism–Maoism Banned Participant in the ongoing anti-Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan
Afghanistan Liberation Organization
سازمان رهایی افغانستان
ALO 1973 Marxism–Leninism–Maoism

Anti-revisionism

Marxist–Leninist Organization of Afghanistan MLOA 1973 Marxism-Leninism

Mao Zedong Thought Anti-revisionism

 Albania Communist Party of Albania
Partia Komuniste e Shqipërisë
PKSh Qemal Cicollari 1991 Marxism–Leninism
Hoxhaism

Stalinism Anti-revisionism

Kuvendi:
0 / 140
Communist Party of Albania 8 November
Partia Komuniste e Shqipërisë 8 Nëntori
PKSh 8 Nëntori Preng Çuni 2003 Marxism-Leninism Kuvendi:
0 / 140
 Algeria Algerian Party for Democracy and Socialism
الحزب الجزائري للديمقراطية والاشتراكية
PADS Abdelhamid Benzine 1993 Marxism–Leninism People's National Assembly:
0 / 407
Council:
0 / 174
 Angola Party of the Angolan Communist Community
Partido da Comunidade Comunista Angolana
PCCA Baptista André José Simão 1994 Marxism–Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 200
 Argentina Liberation Party
Partido de la Liberación
PL Sergio Ortiz 5 April 1965 Marxism–Leninism Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 257
Senate:
0 / 72
 Armenia Armenian Communist Party
Հայաստանի կոմունիստական կուսակցություն
HKK
ՀԿԿ
Tachat Sargsyan 29 July 1991 Marxism–Leninism
Pro-Russia
Euroscepticism
Soviet patriotism
National Assembly:
0 / 107
United Communist Party of Armenia
Հայաստանի Միավորված Կոմունիստական Կուսակցության
HMKK
ՀՄԿԿ
7 July 2003 Marxism–Leninism
Euroscepticism
National Assembly:
0 / 107
Progressive United Communist Party of Armenia
Հայաստանի Առաջադիմական Միացյալ Կոմունիստական Կուսակցություն
HAMK
ՀԱՄԿ
Vazgen Safaryan 28 January 1998 Marxism–Leninism
Soviet patriotism
National Assembly:
0 / 107
 Republic of Artsakh Communist Party of Artsakh
Արցախի կոմունիստական կուսակցություն
AKK
ԱԿԿ
Hrant Melkumyan 1996 Marxism–Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 33
 Australia Communist Party of Australia (1971) CPA Vinicio Molina 1971 Marxism–Leninism House of Representatives:
0 / 151
Senate:
0 / 76
Communist Party of Australia (Marxist–Leninist) CPA (ML) 15 March 1964 Marxism–Leninism
Maoism
Anti-revisionism
House of Representatives:
0 / 151
Senate:
0 / 76
 Austria Communist Party of Austria
Kommunistische Partei Österreichs
KPO Florian Birngruber 3 November 1918 Marxism–Leninism

Socialism

National Council:
0 / 183
Federal Council:
0 / 62
Party of Labour of Austria
Partei der Arbeit Österreichs
PdA Tibor Zenker 12 October 2013 Marxism–Leninism

Hard Euroscepticism

National Council:
0 / 183

Federal Council:

0 / 62
 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Communist Party (1993)
Azərbaycan Kommunist Partiyası
AzKP Haji Hajiyev 1993 Marxism–Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 125
New Generation Communist Party of Azerbaijan
Azərbaycan Yeni Nəsil Kommunist Partiyası
AYNKP Niyazi Rajabov 2008 Marxism–Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 125
United Communist Party of Azerbaijan
Azərbaycan Birləşmiş Kommunist Partiyası
AVKP Sayad Sayadov 1993 Marxism–Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 125
 Bahrain National Liberation Front
جبهة التحرير الوطني—البحرين
NLF 15 February 1955 Marxism–Leninism

Republicanism

Council of Representatives:
0 / 40
Shura Council:
0 / 40
Led the 1965 March Intifada
Progressive Democratic Tribune
جمعية المنبر الديمقراطي التقدمي
PDT Hassan Madan 14 September 2001 Market socialism
Arab nationalism
Anti-globalization
Anti-imperialism
Council of Representatives:
1 / 40
Shura Council:
0 / 40
 Bangladesh Communist Party of Bangladesh
বাংলাদেশের কমিউনিস্ট পার্টি
CPB Ruhin Hossain Prince 1971 Marxism–Leninism Jatiya Sangsad:
0 / 350
Former member of the Bangladesh Worker's-Peasants' People's League and its coalition government
Workers Party of Bangladesh
বাংলাদেশের ওয়ার্কার্স পার্টি
WPB Fazle Hossain Badsha 1980 Marxism–Leninism

Anti-revisionism

Jatiya Sangsad:
4 / 350
Socialist Party of Bangladesh
বাংলাদেশের সমাজতান্ত্রিক দল
BASAD Khalequzzaman 7 November 1980 Marxism–Leninism

Stalinism Maoism Anti-revisionism

Jatiya Sangsad:
0 / 350
Revolutionary Workers Party of Bangladesh
বাংলাদেশের বিপ্লবী ওয়ার্কার্স পার্টি
RWPB Saiful Haque 14 June 2004 Marxism–Leninism Jatiya Sangsad:
0 / 350
Communist Party of Bangladesh (Marxist–Leninist) (Dutta)
বাংলাদেশের সাম্যবাদী দল (মার্কসবাদী-লেনিনবাদী)
BSD-ML Ajoy Dutta Marxism-Leninism-Maoism Jatiya Sangsad:
0 / 350
Communist Party of Bangladesh (Marxist–Leninist) (Umar)
বাংলাদেশের সাম্যবাদী দল (মার্কসবাদী-লেনিনবাদী)
BSD-ML Badruddin Umar Marxism-Leninism-Maoism Jatiya Sangsad:
0 / 350
Purba Banglar Sarbahara Party
পূর্ব বাংলার সর্বহারা পার্টি
PBSP Siraj Sikder 3 June 1971 Marxism-Leninism-Maoism Jatiya Sangsad:
0 / 350
Maoist Bolshevik Reorganisation Movement of the Purba Banglar Sarbahara Party
পূর্ববাংলার সর্বহারা পার্টি – মাওবাদী বলশেভিক পুনর্গঠন আন্দোলন
PBSP (MBRM) 2001 Marxism-Leninism-Maoism

Anti-revisionism

Jatiya Sangsad:
0 / 350
Workers Peasants Socialist Party
শ্রমিক কৃষক সমাজবাদী দল
SKSD 1969 Marxism–Leninism
Revolutionary socialism
Jatiya Sangsad:
0 / 350
United Communist League of Bangladesh
বাংলাদেশের ইউনাইটেড কমিউনিস্ট লীগ
UCLB Mosharraf Hossain Nannu April 2013 Marxism–Leninism Jatiya Sangsad:
0 / 350
 Belarus Belarusian Left Party "A Just World"
Беларуская партыя левых «Справядлівы свет»
Sergey Kalyakin 25 October 2009 Democratic socialism

Revolutionary nationalism Left-wing nationalism Socialism
Anti-Lukashenko

House of Representatives:
0 / 110
Council of the Republic:
0 / 64
 Belgium Workers' Party of Belgium
Partij van de Arbeid van België
Parti du Travail de Belgique
PTB
PVDA
Raoul Hedebouw 1979 Marxism
Feminism

Socialism

Chamber of Representatives:
12 / 150
Senate:
5 / 60
Communist Party of Belgium
Communistische Partij van België
Parti Communiste de Belgique
PCB Arne Baillière 1989 Marxism–Leninism
Hard Euroscepticism
Chamber of Representatives:
0 / 150
Senate:
0 / 60
 Benin Communist Party of Benin
Parti Communiste du Bénin
PCB Philippe Noudjenoume 1977 Marxism–Leninism
Hoxhaism

Stalinism Anti-revisionism

National Assembly:
0 / 83
Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Benin
Parti communiste marxiste-léniniste du Bénin
PCMLB Magloire Yansunnu 1999 Marxism–Leninism
Hoxhaism

Anti-revisionism

National Assembly:
0 / 83
 Bhutan Communist Party of Bhutan (Marxist–Leninist–Maoist) CPB (MLM) Comrade Umesh (nom de guerre) 22 April 2003 Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
New Democratic Revolution

Republicanism

Banned Engaged in guerrilla warfare against the government of Bhutan, with the goal of starting a people's war
 Bolivia Communist Party of Bolivia
Partido Comunista de Bolivia
PCB Ignacio Mendoza 1950 Marxism–Leninism Deputies:
0 / 183

Senate:

0 / 36
People's Revolutionary Front (Marxist−Leninist−Maoist)
Frente Revolucionario del Pueblo (Marxista–Leninista–Maoísta)
FRP-MLM Marxism–Leninism–Maoism Deputies:
0 / 183

Senate:

0 / 36
Communist Party of Bolivia (Marxist–Leninist–Maoist)
Partido Comunista de Bolivia (Marxista-Leninista-Maoísta)
PCB-MLM Luis Alberto Echazú 1983 Marxism–Leninism–Maoism Deputies:
0 / 183

Senate:

0 / 36
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Workers' Communist Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Radničko-komunistička partija Bosne i Hercegovine / Радничко-комунистичка партија Босне и Херцеговине
RKP-Bih / РКП-БиХ Goran Marković 2000 Luxemburgism
Workers' self-management
Anti-nationalism
Yugoslavism
House of Representatives:
0 / 42
House of Peoples:
0 / 15
Communist Party
Komunistička partija / Комунистичка партија
KP / КП Muhamed Imamović 21 February 2012 Democratic socialism
Yugo-nostalgia
House of Representatives:
0 / 42
House of Peoples:
0 / 15
 Botswana Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin Movement MELS Mosalage Ditshoto 1994 Marxism–Leninism
Maoism

Maoism Anti-revisionism Pan-Africanism

Parliament:
0 / 63
 Brazil Communist Party of Brazil
Partido Comunista do Brasil
PCdoB Luciana Santos 23 June 1988 Marxism–Leninism Chamber of Deputies
8 / 513
Federal Senate
0 / 81
Socialism and Liberty Party
Partido Socialismo e Liberdade
PSOL Juliano Medeiros 6 June 2004 Democratic socialism
Eco-socialism
Socialism of the 21st century
Libertarian socialism
Chamber of Deputies:
8 / 513
Brazilian Communist Party
Partido Comunista Brasileiro
PCB Edmilson Costa 25 March 1922 Marxism–Leninism Chamber of Deputies
0 / 513
Federal Senate
0 / 81
United Socialist Workers' Party
Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores Unificado
PSTU Zé Maria 5 June 1994 Trotskyism
Morenism
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 513
Federal Senate
0 / 81
Workers' Cause Party
Partido da Causa Operária
PCO Rui Costa Pimenta 7 December 1995 Marxism
Trotskyism
Social libertarianism
Anti-imperialism
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 513
Federal Senate
0 / 81
Revolutionary Communist Party
Partido Comunista Revolucionário
PCR May 1966 Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Guevarism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
Foco theory
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 513
Federal Senate
0 / 81
Not registered in Brazil's Superior Electoral Court
Popular Unity
Unidade Popular
UP Leonardo Péricles 16 June 2016 Revolutionary socialism
Anti-capitalism
Anti-imperialism
Anti-racism

Factions: Marxism-Leninism Syndicalism Marxist feminism

Chamber of Deputies
0 / 513
Federal Senate
0 / 81
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Communist Party
Българска комунистическа партия
BKP Zonka Zlatkova Spasov 1990 Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism

Anti-revisionism

National Assembly:
0 / 240
Communist Party of Bulgaria
Комунистическа Партия на България
CPB Aleksandar Paunov 1996 Marxism–Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 240
Party of the Bulgarian Communists
Партия на Българските комунисти
PBK Collective leadership 15 July 2006 Marxism–Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 240
Union of Communists in Bulgaria
Съюз на Комунистите в България
SKB Pavel Ivanov 1995 Marxism National Assembly:
0 / 240
 Burkina Faso Party for Democracy and Socialism/Metba
Parti pour la démocratie et le socialisme/Metba
PDS/

Metba

Hama Arba Diallo 31 March 2012 Socialism National Assembly:
1 / 127
Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party
Parti communiste révolutionnaire voltaïque
PCRV 1 October 1978 Marxism–Leninism
Hoxhaism
National Assembly:
0 / 127
 Canada Communist Party of Canada
Parti communiste du Canada
CPC
PCC
Elizabeth Rowley 28 May 1921 Marxism–Leninism House of Commons:
0 / 338
Senate:
0 / 105
Communist Party of Canada (Marxist–Leninist)
Parti communiste du Canada (marxiste–léniniste)
CPC (ML)
PCC (ML)
Anna Di Carlo 31 March 1970 Marxism–Leninism

Anti-revisionism Maoism (1970-1977) Hoxhaism (1977-1990)

House of Commons:
0 / 338
Senate:
0 / 105
 China Maoist Communist Party of China
中国毛泽东主义共产党
MCPC Ma Houzhi 28 November 2008 Marxism–Leninism–Maoism

Anti-revisionism

Banned De facto banned in China due to not being a member of the United Front.
Revolutionary Communist Party of China
中国革命共产党
RCPC September 1948 Marxism
Trotskyism
Legislative Council:
0 / 183
Active in Hong Kong. Participant in the 1970s Hong Kong student protests.
 Colombia Communist Party of Colombia (Marxist–Leninist)
Partido Comunista de Colombia (Marxista-Leninista)
PCdeC (M-L) 1965 Marxism–Leninism
Hoxhaism

Stalinism Anti-revisionism

Chamber of Representatives:
0 / 188
Senate:
0 / 108
Colombian Communist Party – Maoist
Partido Comunista de Colombia - Maoista
PCC-M 7 August 2001 Marxism–Leninism–Maoism Chamber of Representatives:
0 / 188
Senate:
0 / 108
Revolutionary Communist Group
Grupo Comunista Revolucionario
GCR 1982 Marxism-Leninism
Maoism
Anti-revisionism
Chamber of Representatives:
0 / 188
Senate:
0 / 108
Revolutionary Independent Labour Movement
Movimiento Obrero Independiente y Revolucionario
MOIR Gustavo Triana 1970 Maoism

Marxism-Leninism
New Democracy
Francisco Mosquera Thought

Chamber of Representatives:
0 / 188
Senate:
0 / 108
 Costa Rica People's Vanguard Party
Partido Vanguardia Popular
PVP Humberto Vargas Carbonell 16 June 1931 Marxism–Leninism Legislative Assembly:
0 / 57
Banned from 1949 to 1975
 Ivory Coast Revolutionary Communist Party of Ivory Coast
Parti Communiste Révolutionnaire de Côte d'Ivoire
PCRCI Achy Ekissi 1990 Marxism–Leninism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
 Croatia Socialist Labour Party of Croatia
Socijalistička radnička partija Hrvatske
SRP Kristofor Stokić 25 October 1997 ¸Titoism

Democratic socialism

Sabor:
0 / 151
Workers Front
Radnička fronta
RF Collective leadership 9 May 2014 Democratic socialism
Social progressivism

Labour rights
Socialist feminism
Anti-fascism
Anti-clericalism
Eco-socialism Left-wing populism Anti-militarism

Sabor:
1 / 151
 Cyprus Progressive Party of Working People
Ανορθωτικό Κόμμα Εργαζόμενου Λαού
Emekçi Halkın İlerici Partisi
AKEL Stefanos Stefanou 15 August 1926 Marxism–Leninism
Pacifism
Cypriot nationalism

Federalism Soft euroscepticism

House of Representatives
15 / 56
Won the 2008 election and ruled until 2013
 Czech Republic Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy
KSČM Kateřina Konečná 31 March 1990 Marxism
Euroscepticism

Socialism
Anti-capitalism
Anti-fascism

Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 200
Senate:
0 / 81
Czech successor to the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. Served as confidence and supply to the second government of Andrej Babiš in 2018.
 Denmark Communist Party of Denmark
Danmarks Kommunistiske Parti
DKP Henrik Stamer Hedin 9 November 1919 Marxism–Leninism Folketing:
0 / 179
Communist Party
Kommunistisk Parti
KP Lotte Rørtoft-Madsen 2006 Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism

Factions: Hoxhaism

Folketing:
0 / 179
Workers' Communist Party
Arbejderpartiet Kommunisterne
APK Dorte Grenaa April 2000 Marxism–Leninism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
Folketing:
0 / 179
Communist Party in Denmark
Kommunistisk Parti i Danmark
KPiD Rikke G.F. Carlsson 1990 Marxism–Leninism Folketing:
0 / 179
 Dominican Republic Communist Party of Labour
Partido Comunista del Trabajo
PCT Manuel Salazar 1980 Marxism–Leninism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 190
Senate:
0 / 32
 Donetsk People's Republic Communist Party of the Donetsk People's Republic
Коммунистическая партия Донецкой Народной Республики
CPDPR
КПДНР
Boris Litvinov 8 October 2014 Marxism–Leninism
Soviet patriotism

Left-wing nationalism

People's Council:
0 / 100
 East Timor Socialist Party of Timor
Partido Socialista de Timor
PST Avelino Coelho da Silva 11 February 1997 Marxism–Leninism National Parliament:
0 / 65
 Ecuador Communist Party of Ecuador
Partido Comunista del Ecuador
PCE Winston Alarcón Elizalde 23 May 1926 Marxism–Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 137
Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador
Partido Comunista Marxista-Leninista del Ecuador
PCMLE Oswaldo Palacios 1 August 1964 Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
National Assembly:
0 / 137
Workers' Party of Ecuador
Partido de los Trabajadores del Ecuador
PTE 1996 Marxism-Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 137
Not registered with Ecuador's National Electoral Council
Communist Party of Ecuador – Red Sun
Partido Comunista de Ecuador - Sol Rojo
PCE-SR 1 June 1987 Marxism-Leninism-Maoism
Gonzalo Thought
Anti-revisionism
Revolutionary socialism
Banned Engaged in minor guerrilla warfare against the government of Ecuador, with the goal of starting a people's war
 Egypt Egyptian Communist Party
الحزب الشيوعي المصري
ECP Salah Adli 1975 Marxism–Leninism House of Representatives:
0 / 596
Senate:
0 / 300
 El Salvador Communist Party of El Salvador
Partido Comunista de El Salvador
PCS 27 March 2005 Marxism–Leninism Legislative Assembly:
0 / 84
 Estonia Communist Party of Estonia
Eestimaa Kommunistlik Partei
EKP vacant 26 March 1990 Marxism–Leninism

Soviet patriotism

Banned Banned in Estonia following the 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt, continues to operate underground
 Eswatini Communist Party of Swaziland CPS Thokozane Kenneth 9 April 2011 Marxism–Leninism
Republicanism
Banned Participant in the 2021–2023 Eswatini protests
 Ethiopia All-Ethiopia Socialist Movement
መላ ኢትዮጵያ ሶሻሊስት ንቅናቄ
MEISON 1968 Marxism–Leninism House of Peoples' Representatives:
0 / 547
House of Federation:
0 / 112
Supported and participated in the 1974 Ethiopian Revolution. Initially supported the Derg government, though later broke with Mengistu Haile Mariam's leadership during the Red Terror and was forced underground. Resumed legal activity following the end of the Ethiopian Civil War.
 Finland Communist Party of Finland
Suomen Kommunistinen Puolue
SKP Juha-Pekka Väisänen 1984 Marxism–Leninism Parliament :
0 / 200
Communist Workers' Party – For Peace and Socialism
Kommunistinen Työväenpuolue – Rauhan ja Sosialismin puolesta
KTP Mikko Vartiainen 1988 Marxism–Leninism
Hard Euroscepticism
Parliament:
0 / 200
League of Communists
Kommunistien Liitto
KL Kalevi Wahrman 14 September 2002 Marxism–Leninism Parliament:
0 / 200
 France French Communist Party
Parti communiste français
PCF Fabien Roussel 30 December 1920 Eurocommunism
Soft Euroscepticism
National Assembly:
12 / 577
Senate:
14 / 348
Lutte Ouvrière LO Nathalie Arthaud 1956 Trotskyism
Anti-capitalism
National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
New Anticapitalist Party
Nouveau Parti anticapitaliste
NPA Collective leadership 8 February 2009 Trotskyism
Alter-globalisation
National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
Pole of Communist Revival in France
Pôle de renaissance communiste en France
PRCF Léon Landini January 2004 Marxism-Leninism

Left-wing nationalism Hard Euroscepticism

National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
Workers' Communist Party of France
Parti communiste des ouvriers de France
PCOF Collective leadership 1979 Marxism-Leninism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
Marxist–Leninist Communist Organization – Proletarian Way
Organisation communiste marxiste-léniniste – Voie prolétarienne
OCML-VP September 1976 Marxism-Leninism

Maoism

National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
Revolutionary Left
Gauche révolutionnaire
GR 1992 Marxism
Trotskyism
National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
 Georgia Communist Party of Georgia
საქართველოს კომუნისტური პარტია
SKP
სკპ
1992 Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism
Parliament:
0 / 150
Unified Communist Party of Georgia
საქართველოს ერთიანი კომუნისტური პარტია
SEKP
სეკპ
Nugzar Shalvovich Avaliani June 1994 Marxism–Leninism
Soviet patriotism
Parliament:
0 / 150
New Communist Party of Georgia
საქართველოს ახალი კომუნისტური პარტია
SAKP
საკპ
2001 Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism
Parliament:
0 / 150
 Germany German Communist Party
Deutsche Kommunistische Partei
DKP Patrik Köbele 1968 Marxism-Leninism Bundestag:
0 / 709
Marxist–Leninist Party of Germany
Marxistisch-Leninistische Partei Deutschlands
MLPD Gabi Fechtner 1982 Marxism-Leninism Bundestag:
0 / 709
Communist Party of Germany (Red Dawn)
Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands (Roter Morgen)
KPD-RM 1985 Marxism-Leninism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
Bundestag:
0 / 709
 Greece Communist Party of Greece
Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας
KKE
KKE
Dimitris Koutsoumpas 17 November 1918 Marxism-Leninism

Anti-imperialism Hard Euroscepticism

Hellenic Parliament:
26 / 300
Banned by the government of Greece from 1936 to 1974. Led the Political Committee of National Liberation during World War II and the Provisional Democratic Government and Democratic Army of Greece during the 1946–1949 Greek Civil War.
Marxist Leninist Communist Party of Greece
Μαρξιστικό-Λενινιστικό Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας
M-L KKE
Μ-Λ ΚΚΕ
Collective leadership November 1976 Marxism-Leninism
Maoism
Anti-revisionism

Euroscepticism

Hellenic Parliament:
0 / 300
Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist)
Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας (μαρξιστικο-λενινιστικό)
KKE (m-l)
ΚΚΕ (μ-λ)
Grigoris Konstantopoulos November 1976 Marxism-Leninism
Maoism
Anti-revisionism

Hoxhaism Euroscepticism

Hellenic Parliament:
0 / 300
Organization for the Reconstruction of the Communist Party of Greece
Οργάνωση για την Ανασυγκρότηση του Κομουνιστικού Κόμματος Ελλάδας
OAKKE
OAKKE
Elias Zafiropoulos. 20 July 1985 Marxism-Leninism
Maoism
Hellenic Parliament:
0 / 300
Movement for the Reorganization of the Communist Party of Greece 1918–1955
Κίνηση για την Ανασύνταξη του Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας 1918–1955)
Anasintaxi
Ανασύνταξη
Tasos Mpallos 1996 Marxism-Leninism
Stalinism
Hoxhaism
Zachariadism
Anti-revisionism
Hellenic Parliament:
0 / 300
Communist Renewal
Κομμουνιστική Ανανέωση
KA
KA
Collective leadership 2000 Marxism
Euroscepticism
Hellenic Parliament:
0 / 300
Left Anti-capitalist Group
Αριστερή Αντικαπιταλιστική Συσπείρωση
AR.A.S
ΑΡ.Α.Σ
Collective leadership 1998 Maoism
Anti-capitalism
Hellenic Parliament:
0 / 300
Left Group
Αριστερή Συσπείρωση
ARI.S
ΑΡΙ.Σ
Collective leadership 25 October 2012 Marxism-Leninism
Maoism
Anti-capitalism
Anti-revisionism
Hellenic Parliament:
0 / 300
Left Recomposition
Αριστερή Ανασύνθεση
AR.ΑΝ
ΑΡ.ΑΝ
2003 Maoism
Anti-capitalism
Hellenic Parliament:
0 / 300
New Left Current
Νέο Αριστερό Ρεύμα
NAR
ΝΑΡ
Collective leadership 1989 New Left
Eco-socialism

Anti-capitalism

Hellenic Parliament:
0 / 300
Revolutionary Communist Movement of Greece
Επαναστατικό Κομμουνιστικό Κίνημα Ελλάδας
EKKE
EKKE
Collective leadership 1970 Marxism-Leninism
Maoism
Anti-revisionism
Hellenic Parliament:
0 / 300
 Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Communist Party
Parti communiste guadeloupéen
PCG Alain-Félix Flémin 30 March 1958 Marxism
Guadeloupean autonomy
National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
 Guatemala Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity
Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca
URNG-MAIZ Gregorio Chay 7 February 1982 Left-wing nationalism

Socialism
Indigenismo
Christian socialism
Socialism of the 21st century
Anti-capitalism

Congress:
3 / 160
Founded as an umbrella organization uniting various leftist militant groups active in the Guatemalan Civil War. Laid down arms in 1996 and became a legally registered opposition party in 1998.
 Haiti New Haitian Communist Party (Marxist–Leninist)
Nouveau Parti Communiste Haïtien (Marxiste–Léniniste)
NPCH(ML) Vania Lubin 2000 Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Maoism
Anti-revisionism
Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 119
Senate:
0 / 30
 Hungary Hungarian Workers' Party
Magyar Munkáspárt
MMP Gyula Thürmer 17 December 1989 Marxism-Leninism
Euroscepticism
National Assembly:
0 / 199
Workers' Party of Hungary 2006 - European Left
Magyarországi Munkáspárt 2006 - Európai Baloldal
EB Attila Vajnai November 2005 Marxism
Eurocommunism
National Assembly:
0 / 199
 India Communist Party of India CPI D. Raja 26 December 1925 Marxism–Leninism Lok Sabha:
2 / 543
Rajya Sabha:
2 / 245
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) Sitaram Yechury 7 November 1964 Marxism–Leninism Lok Sabha:
3 / 543
Rajya Sabha:
5 / 245
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP Manoj Bhattacharya 19 March 1940 Marxism–Leninism
Trotskyism
Lok Sabha:
1 / 543
Rajya Sabha:
0 / 245
Revolutionary Communist Party of India RCPI Biren Deka 1 August 1934 Marxism-Leninism
Anti-Stalinism
Lok Sabha:
0 / 543
Rajya Sabha:
0 / 245
All India Forward Bloc AIFB Debabrata Biswas 22 June 1939 Marxism
Left-wing nationalism

Socialism Anti-imperialism

Lok Sabha:
0 / 543
Rajya Sabha:
0 / 245
Marxist Forward Bloc MFB Jaihind Singh 12 November 1953 Marxism
Left-wing populism
Lok Sabha:
0 / 543
Rajya Sabha:
0 / 245
Bolshevik Party of India BPI 1939 Marxism–Leninism Lok Sabha:
0 / 543
Rajya Sabha:
0 / 245
Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Liberation CPI(ML)L Dipankar Bhattacharya 1974 Marxism–Leninism
Mao-Zedong-Thought

Naxalism

Lok Sabha:
0 / 543
Rajya Sabha:
0 / 245
Revolutionary Socialist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) RSPI(ML) 1969 Marxism–Leninism Lok Sabha:
0 / 543
Rajya Sabha:
0 / 245
Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) SUCI(C) Provash Ghosh 24 April 1948 Shibdas Ghosh Thought
Marxism–Leninism

Anti-revisionism

Lok Sabha:
0 / 543
Rajya Sabha:
0 / 245
Revolutionary Marxist Party of India RMPI Mangat Ram Pasla 2016 Marxism–Leninism Lok Sabha:
0 / 543
Rajya Sabha:
0 / 245
Communist Marxist Party CMP C. P. John 1986 Marxism–Leninism

Marxism
Luxemburgism

Lok Sabha:
0 / 543
Rajya Sabha:
0 / 245
Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) New Democracy CPIML ND Yatendra Kumar 1988 Naxalism
New Democracy

Mao Zedong Thought

Lok Sabha:
0 / 543
Rajya Sabha:
0 / 245
Communist Party of India (Maoist) CPI (Maoist) Nambala Keshava Rao 21 September 2004 Naxalism
Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Banned Leading the ongoing Naxalite–Maoist insurgency, designated a terrorist organization by the government of India
 Iran Tudeh Party of Iran
حزب تودۀ ایران
Collective leadership 2 October 1941 Marxism-Leninism
Stalinism
Left-wing nationalism
Anti-revisionism
Banned
Komalah
کۆمەڵە ڕێکخراوی کوردستانی حیزبی کۆمۆنیستی ئێران
کومله سازمان کردستان حزب کمونیست ایران
Ibrahim Alizade 1984 Marxism-Leninism
Internationalism

Kurdish minority interests

Kurdish branch of Communist Party of Iran, designated a terrorist organization by the government of Iran
Communist Party of Iran
حزب کمونیست ایران
CPI Collective leadership 2 September 1983 Marxism-Leninism
Revolutionary socialism
Communist Party of Iran (Marxist–Leninist–Maoist)
حزب کمونیست ایران (مارکسیست-لنینیست-مائوئیست)
CPI (MLM) 2001 Marxism-Leninism-Maoism
New Synthesis
Secularism
Labour Party of Iran
حزب کار ایران
1965 Marxism-Leninism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
Worker-communist Party of Iran
حزب کمونیست کارگری ایران
WPI Hamid Taqvaee 1991 Workerism

Marxism
Third camp

Worker-communist Party of Iran – Hekmatist
حزب کمونیست کارگری ایران-حکمتیست
WPI-Hekmatist Jamal Kamangar 2004 Workerism
Fedaian Organisation (Minority)
سازمان فدائیان (اقليت)
Akbar Kāmyābi March 1987 Marxism-Leninism Split from the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (Minority)
Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (1985)
سازمان چریک‌های فدایی خلق ایران
Ḥosayn Zohari 1985 Marxism-Leninism
Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas – Followers of the Identity Platform
سازمان چریک‌های فدایی خلق ایران – پیرو برنامه هویت
Mehdi Sāmeʿ 1983 Marxism-Leninism
Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas
چریک‌های فدایی خلق ایران
IFPG Ashraf Dehghani c. April 1979; 45 years ago (1979-04) Marxism-Leninism Participant in the 1979 Kurdish rebellion
 Iraq Iraqi Communist Party
الحزب الشيوعي العراقي
ICP Raid Jahid Fahmi 31 March 1934 Classical Marxism
Reformism
Secularism
Nonsectarianism
Council of Representatives:
0 / 329
Operated mostly underground in the Kingdom of Iraq (from 1934 to 1958) and Ba'athist Iraq (from 1963 to 2003). Supported the 14 July Revolution and the government of Abd al-Karim Qasim.
Worker-communist Party of Iraq
الحزب الشيوعي العمالي العراقي
Amir Adil July 1993 Marxism
Workerism
Third camp
Council of Representatives:
0 / 329
Left Worker-communist Party of Iraq
الحزب الشيوعي العمالي اليساري العراقي
Issam Shukri 2004 Trotskyism
Workerism
Third camp
Council of Representatives:
0 / 329
Communist Party of Kurdistan – Iraq
حزبي شيوعى كوردستان – عيراق
الحزب الشيوعي الكوردستاني – العراق
Kawa Mahmud 1993 Marxism-Leninism
Kurdish nationalism
Nonsectarianism
Council of Representatives (Iraq):
0 / 329
Kurdistan Parliament:
1 / 111
Regional party active in Kurdistan
Worker-communist Party of Kurdistan
حزبی کۆمۆنستی کرێکاریی کوردستان
الحزب الشيوعي العمالي في كوردستان
Osman Hajy Marouf 2008 Marxism
Workerism
Third camp
Council of Representatives (Iraq):
0 / 329
Kurdistan Parliament:
0 / 111
 Ireland Workers' Party
Páirtí na nOibrithe
Collective leadership 28 November 1905 Marxism-Leninism
Irish republicanism
Dáil Éireann:
0 / 160
Seanad Éireann:
0 / 60
Communist Party of Ireland
Páirtí Cumannach na hÉireann
CPI Janelle McAteer 3–4 June 1933 Marxism-Leninism
Hard Euroscepticism
Dáil Éireann:
0 / 160
Seanad Éireann:
0 / 60
Irish Republican Socialist Party
Páirtí Poblachtach Sóisalach na hÉireann
IRSP Collective leadership (Ard Comhairle) 8 December 1974 Marxism-Leninism
Irish republicanism
Anti-globalisation
Hard Euroscepticism
Dáil Éireann:
0 / 160
Seanad Éireann:
0 / 60
 Israel Israeli Communist Party
המפלגה הקומוניסטית הישראלית
الحزب الشيوعي الاسرائيلي
Maki
מק״י‎
Collective leadership 1 September 1965 Marxism-Leninism
Alter-globalization
Anti-Zionism
Knesset:
0 / 120
Merged into Hadash in 1977 and as of 2022 its largest faction
The Democratic Front for Peace and Equality
החזית הדמוקרטית לשלום ולשוויון‎‎
الجبهة الديمقراطية للسلاموالمساواة
Hadash
חד״ש‎
Ayman Odeh 15 March 1977 Marxism

Marxism-Leninism
Communism
Two-state Solution Non-Zionism Israeli Arab interests

Knesset:
4 / 120
Formed from a merger of Rakah, the Black Panthers, and Moked. Formerly ran as a part of the Joint List.
Da'am Workers Party
דעם מפלגת פועלים
حزب دعم العمالي
Da'am
דע"ם
دعم
Collective leadership 1995 Secularism
Marxism
Eco-socialism
Revolutionary socialism
Postnationalism
Non-Zionism
One-state solution
Knesset:
0 / 120
 Italy Communist Refoundation Party
Partito della Rifondazione Comunista
PRC Maurizio Acerbo 6 January 1991 Eco-socialism
Feminism
Anti-capitalism
Anti-fascism
Anti-imperialism
Soft Euroscepticism
Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 400
Senate:
0 / 206
Italian Communist Party
Partito Comunista Italiano
PCI Mauro Alboresi 26 June 2016 Marxism-Leninism
Anti-imperialism
Euroscepticism
Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 400
Senate:
0 / 206
Italian Marxist–Leninist Party
Partito Marxista-Leninista Italiano
PMLI Giovanni Scuderi April 1977 Marxism-Leninism
Stalinism
Maoism
Bolshevism
Anti-revisionism
Anti-fascism
Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 400
Senate:
0 / 206
Communist Party
Partito Comunista
PC Marco Rizzo 3 July 2009 Marxism-Leninism
Anti-revisionism
Hard Euroscepticism

Sovereigntism

Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 400
Senate:
0 / 206
Communist Alternative Party
Partito di Alternativa Comunista
PdAC Francesco Ricci 7 January 2007 Trotskyism Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 400
Senate:
0 / 206
 Japan Japanese Communist Party
日本共産党
JCP Tomoko Tamura 15 July 1922 Scientific socialism
Progressivism
Pacifism

Democratic socialism

Representatives:
10 / 465
Councillors:
11 / 248
Banned in 1925 under the Peace Preservation Law. Legalized by the Allied military occupation following Japan's military defeat in World War II.
Japanese Communist Party (Action Faction)
日本共産党 (行動派)
1980 Marxism-Leninism
Stalinism
Maoism
Anti-revisionism
Representatives:
0 / 465
Councillors:
0 / 248
Japanese Communist Party (Left Faction)
日本共産党 (左派)
1969 Marxism-Leninism-Maoism
Anti-revisionism
Representatives:
0 / 465
Councillors:
0 / 248
 Jordan Jordanian Communist Party
الحزب الشیوعی الاردني
JCP Faraj Al-Tameezi 1948 Marxism-Leninism
Republicanism
House of Representatives:
0 / 130
Senate:
0 / 75
Jordanian Democratic People's Party
حزب الشعب الديمقراطي الأردني
HASHD 1989 Marxism-Leninism
Palestinian nationalism
Anti-Zionism
Left-wing nationalism
Secularism
House of Representatives:
0 / 130
Senate:
0 / 75
 Kazakhstan Communist Party of Kazakhstan
Қазақстан Коммунистік партиясы / Qazaqstan Kommunistık Partiasy
Коммунистическая партия Казахстана
ҚКП / QKP
КПК
Toleubek Makhzhanov 16 October 1991 Marxism-Leninism
Soviet patriotism
Banned
Socialist Movement of Kazakhstan
Қазақстанның Социалистік Қозғалысы / Qazaqstannıñ Socïalïstik Qozğalısı
Социалистическое Движение Казахстана
ҚСҚ / QSQ
СДК
Ainur Kurmanov 20–21 May 2006 Marxism-Leninism
 Kenya Communist Party of Kenya CPK Mwandawiro Mgangah[2] 1992 Marxism–Leninism
Pan-Africanism

Maoism Social democracy (until 2019)

National Assembly:
0 / 349
Senate:
0 / 67
 Kuwait Kuwaiti Progressive Movement
الحركة التقدمية الكويتية
Anti-capitalism
Anti-imperialism

Socialism Marxism-Leninism

National Assembly:
0 / 64
 Kyrgyzstan Party of Communists of Kyrgyzstan
Кыргызстан Коммунисттеринин Партиясы
Партия Коммунистов Киргизии
PKK
ПКК
Iskhak Masaliyev 22 June 1992 Marxism-Leninism
Soviet patriotism
Supreme Council:
0 / 90
Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan
Кыргызстан Коммунисттик партиясы
Коммунистическая Партия Киргизстана
KPK
КПК
Clara Azhibekovna 29 August 1999 Marxism-Leninism Supreme Council:
0 / 90
 Latvia Socialist Party of Latvia
Latvijas Sociālistiskā partija
LSP Vladimirs Frolovs 15 January 1994 Marxism-Leninism Saeima:
0 / 100
 Lebanon Lebanese Communist Party
الحزب الشيوعي اللبناني
Parti communiste libanais
LCP
PCL
Hanna Gharib 1924 Marxism-Leninism
Nonsectarianism

Socialism Anti-Zionism

Parliament:
1 / 128
Communist Action Organization in Lebanon
منظمة العمل الشيوعي في لبنان‎
Organisation de l'Action Communiste du Liban
CAOL
OACL
Zaki Taha 1970 Marxism-Leninism
Maoism
Parliament:
0 / 128
 Lesotho Communist Party of Lesotho
Mokhatlo oa Makomonisi a Lesotho
CPL Manny Stevenson 5 May 1962 Marxism-Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 120
Senate:
0 / 33
 Lithuania Socialist People's Front
Socialistinis liaudies frontas
SLF Giedrius Grabauskas 2009 Marxism-Leninism
Democratic socialism
Left-wing nationalism

Socialism

Seimas:
0 / 141
Communist Party of Lithuania
Lietuvos komunistų partija
LKP vacant 1 October 1918 Marxism-Leninism
Soviet patriotism
Banned Banned in Lithuania following the 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt, continues to operate underground
 Luxembourg Communist Party of Luxembourg
Kommunistesch Partei vu Lëtzebuerg
Parti Communiste Luxembourgeois
Kommunistische Partei Luxemburgs
KPL
PCL
Ali Ruckert 2 January 1921 Marxism-Leninism
Hard Euroscepticism
Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 60
 Madagascar Congress Party for the Independence of Madagascar
Antoko'ny Kongresi'ny Fahaleovantenan'i Madagasikara
AKFM 8 November 1958 Marxism National Assembly:
0 / 151
Senate:
0 / 18
Member of the ruling National Front for the Defense of the Revolution from 1976 to 1989
 Mali Malian Party of Labour
Parti malien du travail
PMT 1965 Marxism-Leninism
Hoxhaism
National Assembly:
0 / 147
Member of the Alliance for Democracy in Mali since 1990
African Solidarity for Democracy and Independence
Solidarité Africaine pour la Démocratie et l'Indépendance
SADI Oumar Mariko 1996 Marxism-Leninism
Pan-Africanism
National Assembly:
3 / 147
 Malta Communist Party of Malta
Partit Komunista Malti
PKM Victor Degiovanni 1969 Marxism-Leninism House of Representatives:
0 / 79
 Martinique Martinican Communist Party
Parti communiste martiniquais
PCM Georges Erichot September 1957 Autonomism Assembly of Martinique:
0 / 51
Communist Party for Independence and Socialism
Parti Communiste pour l'Indépendance et le Socialisme
Pati Kominis pou Lendépandans èk Sosyalism
PCLS
PKLS
22 May 1984 Marxism–Leninism
Martinican independence
Assembly of Martinique:
0 / 51
 Mexico Popular Socialist Party of Mexico
Partido Popular Socialista de México
PPSM Cuauhtémoc Amezcua Dromundo 1997 Marxism–Leninism
Anti-imperialism
Latin American integration
Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 500
Senate of the Republic:
0 / 128
Not registered or recognized by the Instituto Nacional Electoral
Communist Party of Mexico
Partido Comunista de México
PCM Pável Blanco Cabrera 20 November 1994 Marxism–Leninism Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 500
Senate of the Republic:
0 / 128
Communist Party of Mexico (Marxist–Leninist)
Partido Comunista de México (Marxista-Leninista)
PCM (ML) 1978 Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 500
Senate of the Republic:
0 / 128
Communists' Party
Partido de los Comunistas
PdelosC Luis Alfonso Vargas Silva 2003 Marxism–Leninism Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 500
Senate of the Republic:
0 / 128
 Moldova Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova
Partidul Comuniștilor din Republica Moldova
PCRM Vladimir Voronin 22 October 1993 Marxism–Leninism
Social conservatism
Soviet patriotism
Moldovenism
Pro-Russia
Parliament:
8 / 101
Member of BECS
 Montenegro Yugoslav Communist Party of Montenegro
Jugoslovenska komunistička partija
Југословенска комунистичка партија
JKP CG / ЈКП-ЦГ Radislav Stanišić 25 September 2009 Titoism
Pensioners' rights
Yugo-nostalgia
Parliament:
0 / 81
 Morocco Democratic Way
النهج الديمقراطي
Abdallah El Harif 1995 Marxism
Anti-imperialism

Anti-revisionism Hoxhaism

House of Representatives:
0 / 395
House of Councillors:
0 / 120
 Myanmar Communist Party of Burma
ဗမာပြည်ကွန်မြူနစ်ပါတီ
CPB 15 August 1939 Marxism-Leninism
Mao-Zedong-Thought

Federalism

Banned Led the Communist insurgency in Burma from 1948 to 1989. Rearmed itself in 2021 and is currently engaged in guerrilla warfare against the State Administration Council
 Namibia Workers Revolutionary Party WRP Collective leadership May 1989 Trotskyism National Assembly:
0 / 104
National Council:
0 / 42
 Nepal Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (एकीकृत मार्क्सवादी-लेनिनवादी)
CPN (UML)
नेकपा (एमाले)
K. P. Sharma Oli 6 January 1991 (1991-01-06) Marxism–Leninism
People's Multiparty Democracy
House of Representatives:
78 / 275
National Assembly:
17 / 59
Merged with the CPN (MC) to form the Nepal Communist Party in 2018, refounded in 2021
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist)
नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (मार्क्सवादी-लेनिनवादी)
CPN (ML) C. P. Mainali 17 February 2002 Marxism-Leninism House of Representatives:
0 / 275
National Assembly:
0 / 59
Nepal Majdoor Kisan Party
नेपाल मजदुर किसान पार्टी
NWPP Narayan Man Bijukchhe 23 January 1975 Marxism-Leninism
Maoism

Juche

House of Representatives:
1 / 275
National Assembly:
0 / 59
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist)
नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (मार्क्सवादी)
Durga Prasad Gyawali 2006 Marxism-Leninism House of Representatives:
0 / 275
National Assembly:
0 / 59
Communist Party of Nepal (Revolutionary Maoist)
नेपाल कम्यूनिष्ट पार्टी (क्रान्तिकारी माओवादी)
CPN (RM) Mohan Baidya 19 June 2012 Marxism-Leninism-Maoism House of Representatives:
0 / 275
National Assembly:
0 / 59
Operates underground and participates in elections through a front organization; the Patriotic People's Republican Front
 Netherlands New Communist Party of the Netherlands
Nieuwe Communistische Partij Nederlan
NCPN Job Pruijser 14 November 1992 Marxism–Leninism

Euroscepticism

House of Representatives:
0 / 150
Senate:
0 / 75
United Communist Party
Verenigde Communistische Partij
VCP Engel Modderman 1999 Marxism–Leninism House of Representatives:
0 / 150
Senate:
0 / 75
Group of Marxist–Leninists/Red Dawn
Groep Marxisten-Lenisten/Rode Morgen
GML/Rode Morgen Jeroen Toussaint 1977 Marxism–Leninism
Maoism
Anti-revisionism
House of Representatives:
0 / 150
Senate:
0 / 75
 New Zealand Communist League The League 1969 Marxism–Leninism House of Representatives:
0 / 120
 Nicaragua Communist Party of Nicaragua
Partido Comunista de Nicaragua
PCdeN; PCN 12 October 1967 Marxism–Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 90
Marxist–Leninist Popular Action Movement
Movimiento de Acción Popular - Marxista–Leninista
MAP-ML 1972 Marxism–Leninism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
National Assembly:
0 / 90
 North Macedonia Communist Party of Macedonia — Tito's forces
Комунистичка партија на Македонија — Титови сили
KPM-TS
КПМ—ТС
Goran Arsovski 26 October 2005 Marxism-Leninism
Titoism
Assembly:
0 / 120
 Norway Communist Party of Norway
Norges Kommunistiske Parti
NKP Runa Evensen 4 November 1923 Marxism-Leninism
Hard Euroscepticism
Storting:
0 / 169
Red Party
Rødt
R Bjørnar Moxnes 11 March 2007 Democratic socialism
Revolutionary socialism

Marxism

Storting:
8 / 169
 Pakistan Communist Party of Pakistan
کمیونسٹ پارٹی آف پاکستان
CPP Imdad Qazi 6 March 1948 Marxism-Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 342
Senate:
0 / 100
Not registered with the Election Commission of Pakistan
Mazdoor Kisan Party
مزدور کسان پارٹی
MKP Afzal Khamosh 1 May 1968 Marxism-Leninism
Maoism
National Assembly:
0 / 342
Senate:
0 / 100
 Palestine Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير فلسطين
PFLP Ahmad Sa'adat 11 December 1967 (1967-12-11) Palestinian nationalism
Marxism–Leninism
Revolutionary socialism

Secularism Anti-imperialism Pan-Arabism Arab nationalism
One-state solution
Anti-zionism

Legislative Council:
3 / 132
Member of the PLO, opposed to the Hamas government of the Gaza Strip
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine
الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير فلسطين
DFLP Nayef Hawatmeh 1969 (1969) Marxism–Leninism

Maoism
Palestinian nationalism
Left-wing nationalism
Anti-Zionism

Legislative Council:
1 / 132
Palestinian People's Party
حزب الشعب الفلسطيني
PPP Bassam Al-Salhi February 1982 (1982-02) Marxism
Palestinian nationalism
Left-wing nationalism
Legislative Council:
1 / 132
Palestinian Communist Party
الحزب الشیوعي الفلسطیني
Mahmoud Saadeh December 1991 Marxism-Leninism
Palestinian nationalism
Legislative Council:
0 / 132
 Panama Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist) of Panama
Partido Comunista (marxista-leninista) de Panamá
PC(ml)P January 9, 1980 Marxism-Leninism
Maoism
Anti-revisionism
National Assembly:
0 / 71
November 29 National Liberation Movement
Movimiento de Liberación Nacional 29 de noviembre
MLN-29 July 29, 1970 Marxism
Anti-imperialism
National Assembly:
0 / 71
 Paraguay Paraguayan Communist Party
Partido Comunista Paraguayo
PCP Najeeb Amado 19 February 1928 Marxism-Leninism Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 80
Senate:
0 / 45
Partido Patria Libre PPL 3 February 1990 Marxism–Leninism
Guevarism
Foco theory
Socialist patriotism
Anti-imperialism
Revolutionary socialism
Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 80
Senate:
0 / 45
Paraguayan Communist Party (independent)
Partido Comunista Paraguayo (independiente)
PCP(i) 1967 Marxism-Leninism
Maoism
Anti-revisionism
Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 80
Senate:
0 / 45
 Peru Peruvian Communist Party
Partido Comunista Peruano
PCP Luis Villanueva 9 April 1928 (1928-04-09) Marxism–Leninism
Mariáteguism
Congress:
0 / 130
Member of Together for Peru, which participated in the Free Peru-led government
Communist Party of Peru – Red Fatherland
Partido Comunista del Perú – Patria Roja
PCP-PR Alberto Moreno 1970 (1970) Anti-revisionism Congress:
0 / 130
Free Peru[3]
Perú Libre
PL Vladimir Cerron 13 August 2008 (2008-08-13) Socialism
Marxism–Leninism
Mariáteguism
Congress:
32 / 130
Peruvian Communist Party (Marxist–Leninist)
Partido Comunista Peruano (Marxista–Leninista)
PCP (ML) January 1964 Marxism-Leninism
Stalinism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism

Maoism (until 1970s)

Congress:
0 / 130
Shining Path
Sendero Luminoso
PCP; PCP-SL 1969 Marxism-Leninism-Maoism
Gonzalo Thought
Anti-revisionism
Revolutionary socialism
Banned Designated a terrorist organization by the government of Peru
 Philippines Communist Party of the Philippines
Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas
CPP Benito Tiamzon (alleged) 26 December 1968 National democracy
Marxism-Leninism-Maoism
Banned Participant in the ongoing communist rebellion in the Philippines, designated a terrorist organization by the government of the Philippines and the United States Department of State
Philippine Communist Party-1930
Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930
PKP-1930 Antonio E. Paris 7 November 1930 Marxism-Leninism

Democratic socialism

House of Representatives:
0 / 316
Senate:
0 / 24
Marxist–Leninist Party of the Philippines
Partido Marxista–Leninista ng Pilipinas
MLPP 1998 Marxism-Leninism Banned Participant in the ongoing communist rebellion in the Philippines
 Poland Polish Communist Party
Komunistyczna Partia Polski
KPP Krzysztof Szwej 9 October 2002 Marxism-Leninism
Stalinism
Anti-revisionism

Hard Euroscepticism Anti-clericalism

Sejm:
0 / 460
Senate:
0 / 100
 Portugal Portuguese Communist Party
Partido Comunista Português
PCP Collective leadership 6 March 1921 Marxism-Leninism

Anti-revisionism Hard Euroscepticism

Assembly of the Republic:
6 / 230
Portuguese Workers' Communist Party
Partido Comunista dos Trabalhadores Portugueses
PCTP/MRPP Maria Cidália Guerreiro 1970 Marxism-Leninism
Maoism
Anti-revisionism
Assembly of the Republic:
0 / 230
Revolutionary Party of the Proletariat – Bases for Revolution
Partido Revolucionário do Proletariado - Bases pela Revolução
PRP-BR Luis Cardoso 17 July 2002 Marxism
Guevarism
Assembly of the Republic:
0 / 230
Founded as a successor to the Revolutionary Party of the Proletariat - Revolutionary Brigades
 Puerto Rico Communist Party of Puerto Rico
Partido Comunista de Puerto Rico
PCPR 2010 Marxism-Leninism
Anti-imperialism
Puerto Rican Independence
House:
0 / 51
Senate:
0 / 27
 Réunion Communist Party of Réunion
Parti Communiste Réunionnais
PCR Élie Hoarau 1959 Post-Marxism
Regionalism
National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
1 / 348
 Romania Communitarian Party of Romania
Partidul Comunitar din România
PCDR Petre Ignatencu 19 March 2010 Communitarianism
Progressivism

Anti-imperialism Anti-Americanism Anti-capitalism

Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 330
Senate:
0 / 136
Romanian Socialist Party
Partidul Socialist Român
PSR Constantin Rotaru July 2003 Eurocommunism
Progressivism
Equality feminism
Left-wing nationalism

Anti-NATO European federalism Pro-Europeanism

Chamber of Deputies:
0 / 330
Senate:
0 / 136
 Russia Communist Party of the Russian Federation
Коммунистическая Партия Российской Федерации
CPRF
КПРФ
Gennady Zyuganov 14 February 1993 (1993-02-14) Marxism–Leninism
Left-wing nationalism
Soviet patriotism

Social conservatism Neo-Stalinism

State Duma:
57 / 450
Federation Council:
4 / 178
Left Front
Левый фронт
Sergei Udaltsov 18 October 2008 Marxism–Leninism
Anti-fascism
Anti-nationalism
Anti-liberalism
Anti-capitalism
Internationalism
State Duma:
1 / 450
Federation Council:
0 / 178
Russian Communist Workers' Party of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Российская коммунистическая рабочая партия в составе Коммунистической партии Советского Союза
RCWP-CPSU
РКРП-КПСС
Stepan Malentsov 27 October 2001 Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Anti-revisionism
State Duma:
0 / 450
Federation Council:
0 / 178
Russian Labour Front
Российский трудовой фронт
RTF
РТФ
Alexander Batov 22 February 2010 Marxism–Leninism State Duma:
0 / 450
Federation Council:
0 / 178
Russian Maoist Party
Российская маоистская партия
RMP
РМП
Collective leadership 9 June 2000 Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Anti-revisionism
Proletarian internationalism
Feminism
State Duma:
0 / 450
Federation Council:
0 / 178
Labour Russia
Трудовая Россия
LR
ТР
Stanislav Ruzanov 7 November 1991 Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Soviet patriotism
Direct democracy
Left-wing nationalism
State Duma:
0 / 450
Federation Council:
0 / 178
Russian Party of Freedom and Justice
Российская партия свободы и справедливости
RPSS
РПСС
Konstantin Rykov 8 April 2012 Social democracy
Russian nationalism
State Duma:
0 / 450
Federation Council:
0 / 178
Communists of Russia
Коммунисты России
CPCR
РПСС
Sergey Malinkovich 23 May 2009 Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Anti-revisionism
State Duma:
0 / 450
Federation Council:
0 / 178
 Serbia New Communist Party of Yugoslavia
Нова комунистичка партија Југославије / Nova Komunistička Partija Jugoslavije
NKPJ
НKПЈ
Aleksandar Banjanac 30 June 1990 Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Anti-revisionism
Yugoslavism

Russophilia

National Assembly:
0 / 250
Party of Labour
Партија рада / Partija rada
PR
ПР
Collective leadership 28 March 1992 Marxism–Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 250
 Slovakia Communist Party of Slovakia
Komunistická strana Slovenska
KSS Jozef Hrdlička 29 August 1992 Marxism–Leninism National Council:
0 / 150
Dawn
Úsvit
Luciana Hoptová 25 May 2005 Marxism National Council:
0 / 150
 South Africa Economic Freedom Fighters EFF Julius Malema 26 July 2013 Marxism–Leninism
Fanonism
Sankarism
Anti-imperialism
Pan-Africanism
Black nationalism
Anti-Zionism

Left-wing populism Anti-capitalism

National Assembly:
44 / 400
National Council of Provinces:
11 / 90
Currently the third-largest party in both houses of the South African Parliament.
Socialist Revolutionary Workers Party SRWP Irvin Jim March 2019 Marxism-Leninism National Assembly:
0 / 400
National Council of Provinces:
0 / 90
 South Ossetia Communist Party of South Ossetia
Хуссар Ирыстоны Коммунистон парти
CPSO
ХИКп
Stanislav Kochiev 1993 Marxism–Leninism
Soviet patriotism
Parliament:
1 / 34
 South Sudan Communist Party of South Sudan CPSS Joseph Wol Modesto June 2011 Marxism–Leninism National Legislative Assembly:
0 / 400
Council of States:
0 / 100
 Spain Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain
Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de España
PCPE Julio Díaz 15 January 1984 Marxism–Leninism
Hard Euroscepticism
Internationalism

Anti-capitalism

Congress of Deputies:
0 / 350
Senate:
0 / 263
Communist Party of Spain (Marxist–Leninist)
Partido Comunista de España (marxista-leninista)
PCE (m-l) 2006 Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
Republicanism
Congress of Deputies:
0 / 350
Senate:
0 / 263
Communist Party of Spain (Reconstituted)
Partido Comunista de España (Reconstituido)
PCE(r) Manuel Pérez Martínez 1975 Marxism–Leninism
Republicanism

Maoism (until 1990s)

Banned Banned in 2003 due to links to the First of October Anti-Fascist Resistance Groups. Inactive as of 2006, though not officially dissolved.
Marxist–Leninist Party (Communist Reconstruction)
Partido Marxista–Leninista (Reconstrucción Comunista)
PML(RC) / RC Roberto Vaquero Arribas 6 October 2014 Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism
Anti-fascism
Republicanism

Proletarian internationalism

Congress of Deputies:
0 / 350
Senate:
0 / 263
Temporarily banned from December 2014 to 2017 due to alleged links to the Kurdistan Workers' Party.
Communist Unification of Spain
Unificación Comunista de España
UCE 1973 Marxism–Leninism
Mao Zedong thought
Congress of Deputies:
0 / 350
Senate:
0 / 263
Spanish Communist Workers' Party
Partido Comunista Obrero Español
PCOE Francisco Barjas 1973 Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Anti-revisionism
Anti-fascism
Republicanism
Congress of Deputies:
0 / 350
Senate:
0 / 263
Revolutionary Communist Party
Partido Comunista Revolucionario
PCR 1994 Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Anti-revisionism

Maoism

Congress of Deputies:
0 / 350
Senate:
0 / 263
Marxist–Leninist Front of the Peoples of Spain
Frente Marxista-Leninista de los Pueblos de España
F(M-L)PE Gregorio Fernandez Lopez 1987 Marxism–Leninism Congress of Deputies:
0 / 350
Senate:
0 / 263
Democratic Labour Party
Partido del Trabajo Democrático
PTD Miguel Ángel Villalón 2013 Marxism–Leninism
Republicanism
Feminism
Congress of Deputies:
0 / 350
Senate:
0 / 263
Living Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia
Partit Socialista Unificat de Catalunya Viu
Partido Socialista Unificado de Cataluña Vivo
PSUC Viu Collective leadership June 1997 Republicanism
Federalism
Parliament of Catalonia:
0 / 135
Regional party active in Catalonia
United and Alternative Left
Esquerra Unida i Alternativa
Izquierda Unida y Alternativa
EUiA Joan Josep Nuet 1998 Marxism
Ecologism
Catalan self-determination
Republicanism
Parliament of Catalonia:
0 / 135
Galician People's Union
Unión do Povo Galego
Unión del Pueblo Gallego
UPG Néstor Rego November 1963 Marxism-Leninism
Galician nationalism
Parliament of Galicia:
4 / 75
Regional party active in Galicia. Member of the Galician Nationalist Bloc.
Galician Movement for Socialism
Movemento Galego ao Socialismo
Movimiento Gallego al Socialismo
MGS Rafa Villar 2009 Galician nationalism
Galician self-determination
Euroscepticism
Feminism
Parliament of Galicia:
1 / 75
Galician People's Front
Frente Popular Galega
Frente Popular Gallego
FPG Mariano Abalo 1986 Marxism-Leninism
Galician self-determination
Parliament of Galicia:
0 / 75
Regional party active in Galicia
 Sudan Sudanese Communist Party SCP Muhammad Mukhtar Al-Khatib 1946 Marxism–Leninism Transitional Legislative Council:
0 / 300
 Sweden Communist Party of Sweden
Sveriges Kommunistiska Parti
SKP Andreas Sörensen 1977 Marxism–Leninism
Hard Euroscepticism
Riksdag:
0 / 349
Communist Party
Kommunistiska partiet
K Povel Johansson 1970 Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism
Riksdag:
0 / 349
 Switzerland Communist Party
Partito Comunista
PC Massimiliano Arif Ay May 1944 Marxism–Leninism National Council:
0 / 200
Council of States:
0 / 46
Currently only active in Ticino and the Grisons
Swiss Party of Labour
Partei der Arbeit der Schweiz
Parti Suisse du Travail – Parti Ouvrier et Populaire
Partito Svizzero del Lavoro – Partito Operaio e Popolare
PdA
PST-POP
PdL-POP
Norberto Crivelli 14 October 1944 Marxism

Socialism

National Council:
1 / 200
Council of States:
0 / 46
 Sri Lanka Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ
மக்கள் விடுதலை முன்னணி
JVP
ජවිපේ
ஜே.வி.பி.
Anura Kumara Dissanayake 14 May 1965 Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism
Revolutionary socialism
Anti-imperialism

Progressivism

Parliament:
3 / 225
Communist Party of Sri Lanka
ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ කොමියුනිස්ට් පක්ෂය
இலங்கை கம்யூனிஸ்ட் கட்சி
CPSL
ශ්‍රීලංකොප
இ.க.க.
G. Weerasinghe 1943 Marxism–Leninism Parliament:
1 / 225
Part of various different coalition governments from 1970–1975, 1994–2000, 2004–2015 and 2020–2022
Lanka Sama Samaja Party
ලංකා සම සමාජ පක්ෂය
லங்கா சமசமாஜக் கட்சி
LSSP
ලසසප
ல.ச.ச.க.
Tissa Vitharana 18 December 1935 Trotskyism Parliament:
1 / 225
Ceylon Communist Party (Maoist)
ලංකා කොමියුනිස්ට් පක්ෂය (මාඕවාදී)
சிலோன் கம்யூனிஸ்ட் கட்சி (மாவோயிஸ்ட்)
CCP (Maoist) 1964 Marxism–Leninism
Mao Zedong Thought
Anti-revisionism
Parliament:
0 / 225
Socialist Equality Party
සමාජවාදී සමානතා පක්ෂය
சோசலிச சமத்துவக் கட்சி
SEP
සසප
சோ.ச.க.
Deepal Jayasekera 1964 Trotskyism Parliament:
0 / 225
Socialist Party of Sri Lanka
ශ්‍රී ලංකා සමාජවාදී පක්ෂය
இலங்கை சோசலிச கட்சி
SPSL 2006 Marxism
Trotskyism
Parliament:
0 / 225
United Socialist Party
එක්සත් සමාජවාදි පකෂය
ஐக்கிய சோசலிச கட்சி
USP
එසප
ஐ.சோ.க.
Siritunga Jayasuriya 2006 Marxism
Trotskyism
Parliament:
0 / 225
New Democratic Marxist–Leninist Party
නව-ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී මාක්ස්-ලෙනින්වාදී පක්ෂය
புதிய-ஜனநாயக மார்க்சிச-லெனினிச கட்சி
NDMLP
නප්‍රමාලෙප
பு.ஜ.மா.லெ.க.
S. K. Senthivel 3 July 1978 Marxism-Leninism
Mao Zedong Thought
Anti-revisionism
Parliament:
0 / 225
Frontline Socialist Party
පෙරටුගාමී සමාජවාදී පක්ෂය
முன்னிலை சோசலிசக் கட்சி
FLSP
පෙසප
மு.சோ.க.
Premakumar Gunaratnam 9 April 2012 Marxism-Leninism
Anti-imperialism
Revolutionary socialism
Parliament:
0 / 225
 Syria People's Will Party
حزب الإرادة الشعبية
PWP Collective leadership 2012 Marxism-Leninism People's Assembly:
0 / 250
Communist Action Party
حزب العمل الشيوعي
Fateh Jamous August 1976 Marxism-Leninism Banned
 Taiwan Taiwan People's Communist Party
臺灣人民共產黨
TPCP Lin Te-wang 4 February 2017 Chinese unification

Socialism with Chinese characteristics

Legislative Yuan:
0 / 113
 Tajikistan Communist Party of Tajikistan KPT 6 December 1924 Marxism–Leninism

Soviet patriotism

 Togo Communist Party of Togo PCT 4 May 1980 Hoxhaism

Marxism-Leninism Anti-revisionism

 Transnistria Transnistrian Communist Party PKP Nadezhda Bondarenko 20 April 2003 Marxism–Leninism
Soviet patriotism
 Tunisia Workers' Party Hamma Hammami January 3 1986 Marxism-Leninism

Hoxhaism Pan-Arabism

Democratic Patriots' Unified Party Ziad Lakhdar 1982 Marxism-Leninism

Anti-revisionism Maoism Arab nationalism Anti-Islamism

 Turkey Communist Party of Turkey TKP Kemal Okuyan 11 November 2001 Marxism–Leninism Grand National Assembly:
0 / 600
Workers' Party of Turkey TİP Erkan Baş 7 November 2001 Marxism–Leninism
Left-wing populism

Progressivism

Grand National Assembly:
4 / 600
Labour Party EMEP Selma Gürkan 25 November 1996 Marxism–Leninism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
Grand National Assembly:
2 / 600
Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–Leninist TKP/ML 24 April 1972 Marxism–Leninism–Maoism Banned
Marxist–Leninist Communist Party MLKP 10 September 1994 Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism
Hoxhaism
Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist TKEP/L 1 September 1990 Marxism–Leninism
Communist Workers Party of Turkey TKİP November 1998 Marxism-Leninism
Maoist Communist Party MKP 15 September 2002 Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front DHKP/C 30 March 1994 Marxism-Leninism

Guevarism Foco theory Socialist patriotism Revolutionary socialism

Communist Party of Kurdistan KKP 1982 Kurdish self-determination
Bolshevik Party (North Kurdistan – Turkey) BP (KK-T) 1981 Marxism-Leninism

Anti-revisionism

 Turkmenistan Communist Party of Turkmenistan TKP 1998 Marxism–Leninism

Soviet patriotism

Banned
 Ukraine Communist Party of Ukraine
Комуністична партія України
Коммунистическая партия Украины
KPU
КПУ
Petro Symonenko 19 June 1993 Marxism–Leninism
Left-wing populism
Soviet patriotism
Pro-Russia

Social conservatism

Banned Banned in 2015 under Ukraine's decommunization laws, continues to operate underground
Union of Communists of Ukraine
Союз комуністів України
Союз коммунистов Украины
SKU
СКУ
December 19, 1992 Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism

Stalinism

 United Kingdom Communist Party of Britain CPB Robert Griffiths 1988 Marxism–Leninism

Britain's Road to Socialism

Communist Party of Britain (Marxist–Leninist) CPB-ML 1968 Marxism-Leninism

Hard Euroscepticism Hoxhaism Maoism (until 1979)

Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist–Leninist) CPGB-ML Ella Rule July 3, 2004 Marxism-Leninism

Stalinism Anti-revisionism Hard Euroscepticism

Communist Party of Great Britain (Provisional Central Committee) CPGB (PCC) 1991 Leninism

Anti-Stalinism

New Communist Party of Britain NCP Andy Brooks 1977 Marxism-Leninism

Stalinism Anti-revisionism Hard Euroscepticism

Revolutionary Communist Party of Britain (Marxist–Leninist) CPE (ML) 1979 Marxism-Leninism

Hoxhaism Anti-revisionism

Revolutionary Communist Group RCG 1974 Marxism-Leninism

Anti-imperialism

Communist League
Communist Party Alliance
 United States Communist Party USA CPUSA Collective leadership (National Convention) 1 September 1919 Marxism-Leninism
Bill of Rights socialism
House of Representatives:
0 / 435
Senate:
0 / 100
Party for Socialism and Liberation PSL Collective leadership June 2004 Marxism–Leninism
Revolutionary socialism
Anti-imperialism
House of Representatives:
0 / 435
Senate:
0 / 100
Socialist Alternative SA Collective leadership April 1986 Marxism
Revolutionary socialism
Trotskyism
House of Representatives:
0 / 435
Senate:
0 / 100
Socialist Equality Party SEP David North September 1964 Revolutionary socialism
Trotskyism
House of Representatives:
0 / 435
Senate:
0 / 100
Workers World Party WWP Larry Holmes 1959 Marxism-Leninism
Proletarian internationalism
House of Representatives:
0 / 435
Senate:
0 / 100
Socialist Workers Party SWP Jack Barnes January 1938 Marxism
Castroism
House of Representatives:
0 / 435
Senate:
0 / 100
Socialist Action Jeff Mackler 1983 Trotskyism House of Representatives:
0 / 435
Senate:
0 / 100
 Uruguay Revolutionary Communist Party of Uruguay
Partido Comunista Revolucionario
PCR Ricardo Cohen 1972 Marxism–Leninism–Maoism Chamber of Representatives:
0 / 99
Senate:
0 / 30
 Uzbekistan Communist Party of Uzbekistan
Ўзбекистон коммунистик партияси / Oʻzbekiston kommunistik partiyasi
Коммунистическая партия Узбекистана
КПУз / OʻzKP
СДК
Kaxramon Mahmudov 1994 Marxism–Leninism

Socialism Soviet patriotism Anti-clericalism

Banned Banned immediately after attempting to register with Uzbekistan's Central Election Commission
 Venezuela Communist Party of Venezuela
Partido Comunista de Venezuela
PCV Óscar Figuera 5 March 1931 Marxism–Leninism National Assembly:
1 / 277
Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Venezuela
Partido Comunista Marxista Leninista de Venezuela
PCMLV 2009 Marxism–Leninism
Stalinism
Hoxhaism
Anti-revisionism
Anti-imperialism
Anti-Chavismo
National Assembly:
0 / 277
Red Flag Party
Partido Bandera Roja
BR Gabriel Puerta Aponte 20 January 1970 Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism
Anti-Chavismo
National Assembly:
0 / 277
Revolutionary Movement Tupamaro (Popular Revolutionary Alternative)
Movimiento Revolucionario Tupamaro
MRT 1992 (1992) Marxism-Leninism
Guevarism

Foco theory Left-wing nationalism Revolutionary socialism

National Assembly:
0 / 277
Section of the party supporting the Popular Revolutionary Alternative
  • All-Union Communist Party, All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Bolshevik Platform of the KPSS[17]

Formerly communist[edit]

Country Before Turned[a] Notes
 Angola Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola same name Has abandoned Marxist-Leninism for social democracy
National Union for the Total Independence of Angola same name Abandoned Marxism-Leninism for social democracy and then for social conservatism
 Brazil Popular Socialist Party Cidadania Has abandoned Marxism-Leninism for social democracy and later social liberalism
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Communist Party Bulgarian Socialist Party Has abandoned Marxism-Leninism for social democracy
 Cambodia Kampuchean Revolutionary People's Party Cambodian People's Party Has abandoned Marxism-Leninism for centrism
 Congo Congolese Party of Labour same name Has abandoned Marxism-Leninism for social democracy
 Croatia League of Communists of Croatia Social Democratic Party Has abandoned Marxism-Leninism-Titoism for social democracy
 Kazakhstan Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan People's Party of Kazakhstan Has abandoned Marxism-Leninism for democratic socialism
 Madagascar Vanguard of the Malagasy Revolution Malagasy Revolutionary Party Has abandoned Marxism-Leninism for social democracy
 Mongolia Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party Mongolian People's Party Has abandoned Marxist-Leninism for social democracy
 Montenegro League of Communists of Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro Has abandoned Marxism-Leninism-Titoism for social democracy and later neoliberalism
 Morocco Party of Progress and Socialism same name Has abandoned Marxism-Leninism for democratic socialism
 Mozambique FRELIMO same name Has abandoned Marxism-Leninism for democratic socialism
 Serbia League of Communists of Serbia Socialist Party of Serbia Has abandoned Marxism-Leninism-Titoism for social democracy
 Slovenia League of Communists of Slovenia Social Democrats Has abandoned Marxism-Leninism-Titoism for social democracy
 Yemen Yemeni Socialist Party same name Has abandoned Marxism-Leninism for social democracy

Defunct[edit]

Once ruling[edit]

State Defunct Party Notes
 Afghanistan People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan
 Albania Party of Labour of Albania Succeeded by Socialist Party of Albania
 Benin People's Revolutionary Party of Benin
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Communist Party Succeeded by the Bulgarian Socialist Party
 Cambodia Communist Party of Kampuchea
 Czechoslovakia Communist Party of Czechoslovakia Czech Republic branch became the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia, and the Slovak branch became the Party of the Democratic Left
 Ethiopia Workers' Party of Ethiopia
 Germany
 Grenada New Jewel Movement
 Hungary Hungarian Working People's Party
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party Became the Hungarian Socialist Party
 Poland Polish United Workers' Party
 Romania Romanian Communist Party
 Somalia Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
 Soviet Union Communist Party of the Soviet Union Formerly the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party
 Yugoslavia League of Communists of Yugoslavia

Non-ruling[edit]

Left communist organizations by country[edit]

The following is a list of left communist organizations by country which list only those political organizations and parties who officially call themselves left communist ideologically and still exist.

Organisations[edit]

Country Organizations
Ideologically left communist organizations