Layyah District

Coordinates: 30°57′37″N 70°56′32″E / 30.9602°N 70.9423°E / 30.9602; 70.9423
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Layyah District
ضلع لیّہ
Top: Old Layyah City
Shrine in Karor Lal Esan
Map of Layyah District (highlighted in red)
Map of Layyah District (highlighted in red)
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
DivisionDera Ghazi Khan
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerZeeshan Javaid [1]
 • District Health OfficerN/A
 • District Naib Nazim نائب ناظمN/A
 • Total6,289 km2 (2,428 sq mi)
 • Total2,102,386
 • Density330/km2 (870/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Number of Tehsils3

Layyah District (Saraiki: ضلع ليّہ, Urdu: ضلع ليہ), is a district in the Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the southern part of the province. Layyah is the district headquarter of Layyah District. Layyah has hot desert climate.[3]


It lies between 30–45 to 31–24 degree north latitudes and 70–44 to 71–50 degree east longitudes. The area consists of a semi-rectangular block of sandy land between the Indus River and the Chenab River in Sindh Sagar Doab. The total area covered by the district is 6,291 km2 with a width from east to west of 88 kilometres (55 mi) and a length from north to south of 72 kilometres (45 mi).


Layyah region was part of Multan region when Umayyad Arabs conquered the area, spreading Islam in the region. The town was founded around 1550 by Kamal Khan, who laid foundation of Dera Ghazi Khan. Around 1610, the town was taken from the Rulers, who held it until 1787. Abdun Nabi Sarai was appointed Governor by Timur Shah Durrani, but three years later it was included in the Governorship of Muhammad Khan Sadozai, who transferred his seat of Government to Mankera.

In 1794, Humayun Shah, the rival claimant to the throne of Kabul, was captured near Layyah and brought into the town, where his eyes were put out by order of Zaman Shah. Under the Sikh Government, the town once more became the centre of administration for the neighbouring tract, and after the British occupation in 1849, was for a time the headquarters of a Civil Administrative Division.

This administrative status of Layyah was short-lived and the British reduced it to the level of Tehsil headquarters, making it a part of Dera Ismail Khan. In 1901, Layyah was transferred to the new District of Mianwali. Later on, it was made part of the Muzaffargarh District. In 1982, Layyah Tehsil was upgraded to District headquarters comprising three Tehsils: Layyah, Karor and Chaubara. The municipality was created in 1875.[4]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The district of Layyah is made up of three tehsils:[5]

  1. Chaubara Tehsil
  2. Karor Lal Esan Tehsil
  3. Layyah Tehsil

Main Towns[edit]

There are seven main towns of District Layyah are:[6]

  1. Chowk Azam
  2. Fatehpur
  3. Kot Sultan
  4. Pahar Pur Thal
  5. choubara
  6. peer jaggi
  7. ladhana


  • Metlawala
  • Dewaywala
  • Pati Lail Teshil Choubara


According to Pakistan District Education Ranking, a report released by Alif Ailaan, Layyah is ranked at number 38 out of 155 districts nationally with an education score of 66.76. The learning score of Layyah is 70.8.[7] The readiness score of Layyah is 65.13 ranking the district at number 31. Furthermore, the school infrastructure score of Layyah is 94.38, placing it a national rank of 18.[7] The score reflects that most schools in Layyah have all basic facilities e.g. electricity, drinking water and functional toilets.

The issues reported in TaleemDo! App by the residents of Layyah suggest that students of government schools have low confidence as compared to private schools, but the students can’t go to private schools because of high fees. Complaints about quality of teachers and a few basic facilities are also the issues reported in the app.

Higher Education[edit]

In education Layyah is improving day by day.[8]

Public Sector Colleges[edit]

There are 20 colleges available for the education of males and females of Layyah.[9]

  1. Boys 06
  2. Girls 09
  3. Commerce 05
Total 20

Private Sector Colleges[edit]

  1. Boys 08
  2. Girls 03
  3. Commerce & Business 03
Total 14

Public Sector Universities[edit]

  1. University of Layyah


  • Department of Business Administration
  • Department of English
  • Department of Economics
  • Department of Psychology
  • Department of Sociology
  • Department of Education


  • College of Veterinary Sciences
  • College of Agriculture

Private Sector Universities[edit]

  1. Govt. College University Faisalabad (Layyah Campus)
  2. University of Education, Lahore (Layyah Campus)
  3. Govt. College University, Lahore (Layyah Campus)
  4. National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore (Layyah Campus)

Small Dams[edit]

There are 17 small dams in the district to provide water for irrigation.[10]

  1. Khokher Zer Dam
  2. Surlah Dam
  3. Dhok Talian Dam
  4. Kot Raja Dam
  5. Dhoke Qutab Din Dam
  6. Nikka Dam
  7. Walana Dam
  8. Khai Gurabh Dam
  9. Pira Fatehal Dam
  10. Bhagtal Dam
  11. Dhurnal Dam
  12. Mial Dam
  13. Kanwal Dam
  14. Dhrabi Dam
  15. Khai Dam
  16. Chowkhandi Dam
  17. Minwal Dam


There are multiple industries in Layyah.[8]

  • Sugar Mill 01
  • Rice Factories 15
  • Cotton Ginning Factories 25
  • Ice Factories 18
  • Vegetable Ghee Factory 0
  • Cold Storage 05
  • Flour Mills 13
Total 78

Land Statistics[edit]

Land of Layyah is categorized in 6 parts.[8]

  • Cultivated Area 10,12,828 Acres
  • Irrigated Area 8,32,306 Acres
  • Barani Area 1,80,522 Acres
  • Uncultivated Area 5, 39,820 Acres
  • Culture able Waste 59,600 Acres
  • Un-Culture able Area 4,80,220 Acres

Types of irrigation[edit]

Irrigation of layyah is divided in 3 types.[8]

  • Revierian Area 2,01,572 Acres
  • Thal Irrigated Area 6,70,633 Acres
  • Thal Barani Area 6,80,433 Acres


There are 2 main means of transportation used in layyah listed below.[11]

Road Network[edit]

Road Network of the district is linked as:

Layyah toward Kot Addu-Muzaffargarh,
D.G.Khan, Rajanpur and so on to Karachi
Layyah to Bhakhar-Mianwali and so on to Islamabad
Layyah to Multan
Layyah to Jhang-Toba Tek Singh-Faisalabad-Sahiwal and so on to Lahore

Rail Network[edit]

Rail Network of the district is linked as:

Rail Network also available for Layyah to Muzaffargarh & Multan and Layyah to Bhakkar - Mianwali to Rawalpindi / Islamabad


Sehar village residents flood-prone Layyah district, had seen their homes repeatedly inundated and they finally took matters into their own hands and rebuilt their homes on raised dirt platforms five to six feet high, shored up with eucalyptus trees planted around the edges.[12][13][14]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1951 162,202—    
1961 273,224+5.35%
1972 495,537+5.56%
1981 666,517+3.35%
1998 1,120,951+3.11%
2017 1,823,995+2.60%
2023 2,102,386+2.40%
Religion in Layyah district (2017)[16]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

At the time of the 2017 census, Layyah district had 281,728 households and a population of 1,823,995. Layyah had a sex ratio of 972 females per 1000 males and a literacy rate of 58.19% - 69.50% for males and 46.68% for females. 265,601 (14.56%) lived in urban areas. 538,886 (29.54%) were under 10 years of age.[16] In 2023, the district had 341,276 households and a population of 2,102,386.[2]

Religion in Layyah District[a]
Religion Population (1941)[17]: 62–63  Percentage (1941) Population (2017) Percentage (2017)
Islam 138,201 85.8% 1,812,173 99.35%
Hinduism [b] 21,882 13.59% 553 0.03%
Sikhism 882 0.55%
Christianity 4 0% 9,673 0.53%
Ahmadi 1,481 0.08%
Others [c] 101 0.06% 115 0.01%
Total Population 161,070 100% 1,823,995 100%

Languages of Layyah district (2017)[16]

  Saraiki (66.67%)
  Punjabi (27.79%)
  Urdu (2.78%)
  Pashto (2.29%)
  Others (0.47%)

At the time of the 2017 census, 66.67% of the population spoke Saraiki, 27.79% Punjabi, 2.78% Urdu and 2.29% Pashto as their first language.[16]



  1. ^ 1941 figures are for Layyah tehsil of Muzaffargarh District, which roughly corresponds to present-day Layyah district. Historic district borders may not be an exact match in the present-day due to various bifurcations to district borders — which since created new districts — throughout the historic Punjab Province region during the post-independence era that have taken into account population increases.
  2. ^ 1941 census: Including Ad-Dharmis
  3. ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, or not stated


  1. ^ "Our DCOs / DCs | Layyah".
  2. ^ a b "TABLE 1 : HOUSEHOLDS, POPULATION, HOUSEHOLD SIZE AND ANNUAL GROWTH RATE" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 2023.
  3. ^ "Climate | Layyah".
  4. ^ History Layyah Archived 5 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Three Tehsils of Layyah District". Punjab Portal. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  6. ^ "Layyah | Punjab Portal".
  7. ^ a b "Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017" (PDF). Alif Ailaan. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d "District Profile | Layyah".
  9. ^ "D.G. Khan list of colleges" (PDF). Higher Education Department, Government of The Punjab.
  10. ^ "Small Dams | Layyah".
  11. ^ "Transportation | Layyah".
  12. ^ "In homegrown innovation, Sehar village rises above flood woes". DAWN.COM. 16 November 2015.
  13. ^ Correspondent, The Newspaper's (23 July 2015). "Fight against fury as Layyah's 382 villages inundated". DAWN.COM.
  14. ^ Haider, Dawn com | Irfan (21 July 2015). "Relief operations under way in flood-hit areas". DAWN.COM.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ "Population by administrative units 1951-1998" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  16. ^ a b c d "District Wise Results / Tables (Census - 2017)". Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  17. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI PUNJAB PROVINCE". Retrieved 21 July 2022.

30°57′37″N 70°56′32″E / 30.9602°N 70.9423°E / 30.9602; 70.9423