La 1 (Spanish TV channel)
|Broadcast area||Nationwide, Andorra also parts of France and Portugal|
|Headquarters||Prado del Rey, Pozuelo de Alarcón (Madrid)|
|Picture format||1080i HDTV|
(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
|Sister channels||La 2|
Star TVE HD
|Launched||28 October 1956|
|Digital terrestrial television||Spain: Depends on each province |
La 1 (Spanish pronunciation: [la ˈuno], The One) is a Spanish free-to-air television channel owned and operated by Televisión Española (TVE), the television division of state-owned public broadcaster Radiotelevisión Española (RTVE). It is the corporation's flagship television channel, and is known for broadcasting mainstream and generalist programming, including Telediario news bulletins, prime time drama, cinema and entertainment, and major breaking news, sports and special events.
It was launched on 28 October 1956 as the first regular television service in Spain, and also in the then-Spanish colony of Equatorial Guinea. It was the only one until 15 November 1966, when TVE launched a second channel. As TVE held a monopoly on television broadcasting in the country, they were the only television channels until the first regional public television station was launched on 16 February 1983, when Euskal Telebista started broadcasting in the Basque Country. Commercial television was launched on 25 January 1990, when Antena 3 started broadcasting nationwide.
The channel was initially simply referred to as "Televisión Española". It received other names, such as "Primera Cadena", "Primer Programa", "TVE-1" or "La Primera" until it adopted its current name "La 1" (La uno) in 2008. Its headquarters and main production centre is Prado del Rey in Pozuelo de Alarcón. Although almost all its programming is in Spanish and is the same for all of Spain, TVE has territorial centres in every autonomous community and produces and broadcasts some local programming in regional variations in each of them, such as local news bulletins, in the corresponding co-official language.
La 1 started its HD 1080i resolution broadcast on 31 December 2013 and it was the first TVE service to have an HD channel.
Televisión Española (TVE), was the original name of the channel from 1956 until the launch of sister channel TVE2 in 1966. It was known from then mainly as Primera Cadena, and alternately in the 1970s as Primer Programa and later as TVE1. From the 1990s until 2008 it was commonly referred to as La Primera.
La 1 HD
On 31 December 2013, an HD simulcast called La 1 HD was launched. It was TVE's first high-definition channel. The other HD channel that followed suit is La 2, broadcasting in HD since 31 October 2017.
Logos and identities
- G. Gómez, Rosario (16 July 2009). "TVE dejará de emitir publicidad en 2010". El País (in Spanish). Madrid: Prisa. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
- "Televisión Española comienza el año 2014 en Alta Definición". Corporación de Radio y Televisión Española (in Spanish). 30 December 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
- Although the official one changed in 1992, this logo continued to be used as an overlay until 2003.
- The overlay logo had the TVE branding at the bottom and three-dimensional effects.
- Official site (in Spanish)