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Knowsley village green
|Population||11,343 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference||SJ435951|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Knowsley is a large village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, Merseyside, England, commonly known as Knowsley Village.
Historically part of Lancashire, at the 2001 Census it had a population of 11,343. It gave its name to the wider borough when it was formed in 1974. The parish includes Knowsley Hall and Knowsley Safari Park. There are three main built-up areas in the parish: the village of Knowsley, the nearby business park in the north west, and in the south-west a suburban area including Stockbridge Village and the northern fringe of Huyton. To the west of Knowsley is the area of Woolfall Heath.
Knowsley Village consists primarily of two residential areas: a council estate, and a private estate. There is a parade of shops on Sugar Lane that serve the local community.
The village has one public house, The Derby Arms. A second pub, the Pipe and Gannex, was demolished in 2018. There are two public parks, The Rec, off Knowsley Lane, and Mill Lane, as well a woodland in the centre of the village, Syders Grove.
Milbrook Manor, a prominent building on the village green, served as the Village school until the 1980s, when it was redeveloped as a restaurant. As of 2019, it was being converted into residential accommodation.
The village has two churches, the Anglican St Mary's and the Roman Catholic St John Fisher. St Mary's is a grade II listed building built by the Stanley family in the late 19th century.
The name derives from the Anglo-Saxon Cēnwulfes lēah, meaning "Cēnwulf's wood/clearing". When the Angles of Northumbria overran the British Celtic kingdom of Rheged, the village was likely taken over or founded by an Anglo-Saxon called Cēnwulf.
The village of Knowsley is hundreds of years older than the neighbouring city of Liverpool. Its name occurs in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Chenulveslei in the ancient hundred of West Derby in South Lancashire, and has been recorded as Knuvesle (1199); Knouselegh (1258); Knouleslee (1261); Knusele (1262); and Knouslegh (1346).
There are a few notable entries in Knowsley's history:
- King Henry VII visited in 1495.
- William Shakespeare is said to have performed in a play held in Knowsley in 1589.
- Capability Brown is responsible for creating some of Knowsley's landscaped gardens in the 1770s.
- Edward Lear wrote "The Owl and the Pussycat" while staying at Knowsley Hall.
From 1895 the area was part of Whiston Rural District in Lancashire. On 1 April 1974 the village became part of the newly formed Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in the nascent county of Merseyside.
- ^ a b 2001 Census: Knowsley (civil parish), Office for National Statistics, retrieved 19 January 2009
- ^ Knowsley Borough Map (PDF), Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, archived from the original (pdf) on 26 September 2006, retrieved 19 January 2009
- ^ "Pipe & Gannex". WhatPub. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
- ^ "Knowsley". Key to English Place Names Online.
- ^ Open Domesday Online: Knowsley, accessed July 2018.
- ^ Knowsley Local History: Knowsley Village (page 1), Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, retrieved 19 January 2009
- ^ a b c Knowsley Local History: Timeline (page 1), Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, retrieved 19 January 2009
- ^ Knowsley Local History: Knowsley Village (page 5), Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, retrieved 19 January 2009