Khaliq Dina Hall

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Khaliq Dina Hall
خالق دینا ہال
PK Karachi asv2020-02 img75 Khaliq Dina Hall.jpg
Khaliq Dina Hall was built by the Khoja philanthropist Ghulam Hoosain Khalikdina
General information
TypeHall and library
Architectural stylePalladian
LocationMA Jinnah Road
Karachi
Pakistan
Coordinates24°51′28″N 67°00′42″E / 24.857874°N 67.011794°E / 24.857874; 67.011794Coordinates: 24°51′28″N 67°00′42″E / 24.857874°N 67.011794°E / 24.857874; 67.011794
Completed1906
Technical details
Materialsandstone
Design and construction
ArchitectMoses Somake

Khaliq Dina Hall (Urdu: خالق دینا ہال), also spelled Khaliq Deena Hall, is a library and hall located in Karachi, Pakistan. The building was built in 1906, and was after Ghulam Hoosain Khalikdina - a wealthy merchant and philanthropist who was the main financier for the building, and who wished for Karachi's Muslims to have a space for literary pursuits.[1] It currently has a hall which is used for various events, a library, and a room that serves as the office of a local NGO.[2][3]

History[edit]

Khaliq Dina Hall and Library was built in 1906, although Khaliqdina's library foundation was established in 1856 as the Native General Library.[4] The building was named after local philanthropist and merchant Ghulam Hussain Khaliqdina, who was instrumental in the establishment of the Sindh Madressatul Islam.[5] Khaliqdina was raised in the Khoja tradition of Shia Islam, but was condemned by the Aga Khan for his involvement with the Twelver branch of Shia Islam, leading him to renounce the Khoja tradition and eventually become a Twelver himself.[5]

In 1902, Khaliqdina donated 18,000 rupees out of the total cost of 33,000 rupees towards construction of the building,[6] while the remaining 15,000 rupees were provided by the Karachi Municipal Corporation. Khaliq Dina Hall was used as the court for the 1921 "Trial of Sedition" in which British authorities put Maulana Shaukat Ali and Maulana Mohammad Ali Jouhar on trial for mutiny as they made speeches in support of the Khilafat Movement.[7]

On 20 February 1949, the first session of the Pakistan Muslim League Council was held in the hall, and was attended by Pakistan's first Prime Minister, Liaquat Ali Khan.[8] The hall was also used after Pakistan's independence as a site for Majlis during the last ten days of Muharram, which were addressed by the eminent Islamic scholars Allama Rasheed Turabi, Allama Aqeel Turabi and Dr. Kalbe Sadiq[9]

In 1970, Dada Amir Haider Khan, a Communist activist, gave a speech in the hall.[10] The hall was also used the Pakistan's leftist National Students Federation as a site for their meetings.[10] In 1993, the original roof of the building collapsed in a heavy rainstorm.[10]

Architecture[edit]

The hall was designed in a Palladian style,[11] by the Lahore-born Iraqi-Jewish architect Moses Somake.[12][13] Its most notable feature is the 10 foot wide veranda and triangular pediment supported by 12 Greek-style Ionic pillars at the front,[11] which makes the building resemble an ancient Greek temple. The pediment is inscribed with the name of the building, and date of construction - Ghulam Hoosain Khalikdina Hall and Library 1906.[11]

The building's exterior measures 525 by 325 feet, while the interior hall is 95 feet in length and 45 feet wide.[11] The interior ceiling height is 30 feet. The main hall can seat approximately 600 persons.[2] The original pitched roof was made of teak wood, which collapsed in a heavy rainstorm in 1994.[10]

Conservation[edit]

The hall was renovated in 1959 before an address there by President Ayub Khan.[14] Restoration of the collapsed roof began in 1996.[10] It was again restored in 2002 by the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation at a cost of Rupees 15 million.[2] This building is now protected as a Cultural Heritage Sites of Sindh.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Desk (29 September 2019). "Khaliqdina Hall and Library Karachi". The Weekender. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b c The past is another story..., Dawn (newspaper), Published 22 December 2008, Retrieved 13 September 2017
  3. ^ Rediscovering the city: No place like Karachi, The Express Tribune (newspaper), Published 15 June 2015, Retrieved 13 September 2017
  4. ^ Askari, Sabiah (5 October 2015). Studies on Karachi: Papers Presented at the Karachi Conference 2013. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4438-8450-1.
  5. ^ a b Jones, Justin; Qasmi, Ali Usman (14 May 2015). The Shi'a in Modern South Asia. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-10890-5.
  6. ^ Askari, Sabiah (5 October 2015). Studies on Karachi: Papers Presented at the Karachi Conference 2013. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4438-8450-1.
  7. ^ a b Hallmark of history - Khaliq Deena Hall, Dawn (newspaper), Published 20 September 2009, Retrieved 13 September 2017
  8. ^ Shastri, Amita; Wilson, A. Jeyaratnam (11 January 2013). The Post-Colonial States of South Asia: Political and Constitutional Problems. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-11866-1.
  9. ^ "The past is another story..." DAWN.COM. 22 December 2008. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d e "City govt ignores Khalikdina Hall's plight". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  11. ^ a b c d "Libraries – book lover's paradise – Business Recorder". Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  12. ^ Tribune.com.pk (3 November 2013). "The Jews built Karachi, but we built shopping plazas on their synagogue". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Pakistan's Jews struggle to maintain their community". Eurasia Diary (in Russian). Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  14. ^ Safety Standards. Occupational Safety and Health Administration [etc.] U. S. Department of Labor. 1959.

External links[edit]