|9th Prime Minister of Grenada|
20 February 2013 – 24 June 2022
|Governors-General||Sir Carlyle Glean|
Dame Cécile La Grenade
|Preceded by||Tillman Thomas|
|Succeeded by||Dickon Mitchell|
22 June 1995 – 9 July 2008
|Governors-General||Sir Reginald Palmer|
Sir Daniel Williams
|Preceded by||George Brizan|
|Succeeded by||Tillman Thomas|
|Leader of the New National Party|
|Assumed office |
18 January 1989
|Preceded by||Herbert Blaize|
|Leader of the Opposition|
|Assumed office |
4 July 2022
|Prime Minister||Dickon Mitchell|
|Preceded by||Tobias Clement|
9 July 2008 – 20 February 2013
|Prime Minister||Tillman Thomas|
|Preceded by||Tillman Thomas|
Tobias Clement (in 2020)
|Member of Parliament|
for St. George North West
|Assumed office |
3 December 1984
|Preceded by||George Hosten|
Keith Claudius Mitchell
12 November 1946
|Political party||New National Party|
|Alma mater||University of the West Indies|
Presentation Brothers' College
Keith Claudius Mitchell (born 12 November 1946) is a Grenadian politician who served as Prime Minister of Grenada from 1995 to 2008 and from 2013 to 2022. He is the longest-serving Prime Minister in Grenadian history, holding the office for more than 22 years. He is currently leader of the New National Party (NNP) and has been the Leader of the Opposition in the House of Representatives of Grenada from 2008 to 2013, and again since 2022.
Education and personal life
Keith Claudius Mitchell was born in the community of Grand Roy, Saint John. Mitchell graduated from The University of the West Indies with a Bachelor of Science degree in mathematics and chemistry in 1971. He gained a master's degree from Howard University in 1975 and a doctorate in mathematics and statistics from American University in 1979. He then worked as a statistician at Applied Management Sciences, providing statistical support to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. In 1984, Mitchell gave up his professional activities to return home to Grenada after the U.S. invasion.
In the December 1984 general election, Mitchell was elected to a seat in the House of Representatives from St. George North West constituency and he has held the seat in each subsequent election. Mitchell was elected as leader of the NNP in January 1989, defeating Prime Minister Herbert Blaize. Blaize then dismissed Mitchell from his position as Minister of Communications and Works on 21 July 1989.
After the NNP was victorious in the general election held on 20 June 1995, winning eight out of 15 seats in the House of Representatives, Mitchell took office as Prime Minister, along with his Cabinet, on 22 June. Under Mitchell's leadership, the party won all 15 seats in the early election held in January 1999, and the NNP narrowly won a third term in power in the November 2003 election, reduced to a one-seat parliamentary majority. Mitchell held the additional portfolio of Minister of Finance for three periods.
The New National Party was defeated in the general election held on 8 July 2008 by the National Democratic Congress (NDC), winning only four seats against 11 for the NDC. Mitchell himself was re-elected to his seat from St. George North West. NDC leader Tillman Thomas succeeded Mitchell as Prime Minister on 9 July. Mitchell said that the people voted for change and congratulated Thomas. Following the election, he continued as NNP leader and was sworn in as Leader of the Opposition on 16 July 2008.
In the February 2013 general election, the NNP again won all 15 parliamentary seats. After this resounding victory, Mitchell was sworn in as Prime Minister on 20 February 2013. Looking ahead to the next election, Mitchell predicted that his party could win all 15 seats in parliament for a third time. Mitchell and his New National Party created history by retaining all 15 seats in the Grenada General Election of 13 March 2018. It is the first time any political party regionally or otherwise has achieved such a feat. Mitchell held the additional portfolio of Minister of Finance until 2020.
In June 2022, Mitchell called a snap general election. His New National Party was defeated by the National Democratic Congress under Dickon Mitchell, winning just 6 seats to the NDC's 9. Mitchell subsequently became Leader of the Opposition in the House of Representatives of Grenada.
In 1997, Mitchell became the first prime minister since Maurice Bishop to visit Cuba, signing an economic cooperation agreement. He re-established relations with the People's Republic of China in 2005.
Mitchell can be described as a 21st century leader who played off the world's largest economic powers, accepting aid from the United States, China and European Union.
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