Kanun-i Esasi (magazine)

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Kanun-i Esasi
CategoriesPolitical magazine
PublisherKanun-i Esasi Publishing House
FounderYoung Turks
Founded24 December 1896
Final issue1899
Based inCairo
LanguageOttoman Turkish

Kanun-i Esasi (Ottoman Turkish: Constitution) was one of the publications which were affiliated with the Young Turks, members of the Committee of Union and Progress.[1][2] It was published by the exiled committee members in Cairo in the period 1896–1899.

History and profile[edit]

Kanun-i Esasi was launched by a group known as the Young Turks in Cairo on 21 December 1896.[3][4] The group was led by Hoca Kadri Efendi and Sheikh Alizade Muhyiddin who were members of the Cairo branch of the Committee of Union and Progress.[2][5] They supported the Geneva faction of the Committee.[6]

The magazine was published weekly by a publishing house with the same name on Mondays.[2][4] The goal of Kanun-i Esasi was announced as informing the people and liberating the “sacred homeland” on the grounds of Sharia and patriotism.[4] It covered articles concerning the policies of the Ottoman Sultan Abdulhamit, the Islamic caliphate and Muslim world.[4] The magazine adopted a pan-Islamic political stance.[7] It advocated the rejection of the discrimination of Muslims due to their sects.[7] The weekly existed until 1899.[5]


  1. ^ Mustafa Gündüz (2010). "Educational books published by young Turks in Egypt (1890-1908)". Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 9: 1091. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.291.
  2. ^ a b c Mustafa Mercan (2003). Jön Türklerin Mısır'Daki Faaliyetleri ve Kanuni Esasi (1896-1899) (MA thesis) (in Turkish). Marmara University. pp. 6–10. ISBN 9798505594698. ProQuest 2553314232.
  3. ^ Erol A.F. Baykal (2019). The Ottoman Press (1908-1923). Leiden: Brill. p. 41. ISBN 978-90-04-39488-9.
  4. ^ a b c d Kristin Shawn Tassin (2014). Egyptian nationalism, 1882-1919: Elite competition, transnational networks, empire, and independence (PhD thesis). University of Texas at Austin. p. 94. hdl:2152/28411.
  5. ^ a b Seydi Vakkas Toprak (May 2018). "Kanun-i Esasi Gazetesi'nde İttihâd-ı İslam Teması". Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi (in Turkish). XXXIV (97): 109–138. ISSN 1011-727X.
  6. ^ M. Şükrü Hanioğlu (1982). "Genesis of The Young Turk Revolution of 1908". Osmanlı Araştırmaları. 3 (3): 288.
  7. ^ a b M. Volkan Atuk (April 2019). "İttihad ve Terakki Cemiyeti'nin İran Politikası". Belleten (in Turkish). 83 (296): 261–288. doi:10.37879/belleten.2019.261. S2CID 243317762.