Kalahandi State

Coordinates: 20°04′59″N 83°12′00″E / 20.083°N 83.2°E / 20.083; 83.2
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Kalahandi State
Karond State
Princely State of British India
Flag of Kalahandi
Coat of arms of Kalahandi
Coat of arms

Kalahandi State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
• 1892
9,700 km2 (3,700 sq mi)
• 1892
• Established
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Eastern Ganga dynasty
Today part ofOdisha, India

Kalahandi State, also known as Karond State,[1] was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. It was recognized as a state in 1874[2] and had its capital in Bhawanipatna. Its last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 1 January 1948. The present titular head of the state is Anant Pratap Deo who resides in the Kalahandi Palace in Bhawanipatna


Kalahandi was the largest of the 26 Feudatory states of Odisha. According to local tradition, the state originated with Raja Raghunath Sai of the Naga dynasty who traced descent from the Nagabanshis of Chotanagpur[3] of Eastern India, beginning to rule the Kalahandi area in 1005 CE.[4][5][6] As per the traditional records preserved in Kalahandi Darbar, the Nagas succeeded the Gangas in Kalahandi when the last Ganga Governor of Kalahandi, Jagannath Deo's only daughter was married to Raghunath Sai, a prince of the Naga clan. However, historians have disputed the early date for the establishment of Naga dynasty rule in Kalahandi but most agree the Nagas succeeded the Gangas as the feudatories in the region during the 15th century taking advantage of the weakness of the central authority as the power of the Eastern Ganga dynasty started to decline in Odisha.[5] Hence the state's coat of arms had two cobras facing each other.[7] and the presiding deity of the dynasty is Goddess Manikeswari.[8][9]

In August 1947 Kalahandi became part of the Eastern States Union, an entity that was formed in Rajpur and that gathered most of the princely states of Orissa and Chhattisgarh. The Eastern States Union was dissolved in 1948.[10] The formerly princely state's territory is now within Kalahandi District.

List of rulers[edit]

The rulers of Kalahandi princely state were granted a hereditary salute of 9 guns by the British.[11]

Rulers of the Naga dynasty of Kalahandi are–
  • Raghunath Sai (1005–1040)
  • Pratap Narayan Deo (1040–1072)
  • Birabar Deo (1072–1108)
  • Jugasai Deo I (1108–1142)
  • Udenarayan Deo (1142–1173)
  • Harichandra Deo (1173–1201)
  • Ramachandra Deo (1201–1234)
  • Gopinath Deo (1234–1271)
  • Balabhadra Deo (1271–1306
  • Raghuraj Deo (1306–1337)
  • Rai Singh Deo I (1337–1366)
  • Haria Deo (1366–1400)
  • Jugasai Deo II (1400–1436)
  • Pratap Narayan Deo II (1436–1468)
  • Hari Rudra Deo (1468–1496)
  • Anku Deo (1496–1528)
  • Pratap Deo (1528–1564)
  • Raghunath Deo (1564–1594)
  • Biswambhar Deo (1594–1627)
  • Rai Singh Deo II (1627–1658)
  • Dusmant Deo (1658–1693)
  • Jugasai Deo III (1693–1721)
  • Khadag Rai Deo (1721–1747)
  • Rai Singh Deo III (1747–1771)
  • Purusottam Deo (1771–1796)
  • Jugasai Dei IV (1796–1831)
  • Fateh Narayan Deo (1831–1853)
  • Udit Pratap Deo I (1853–1881)
  • Raghu Keshari De (1894–1897)
  • Court of Wards (1897–1917)
  • Brajamohan Deo (1917–1939)
  • Pratap Keshari Deo (1939–1947)

Titular rulers[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kalahandi" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 637.
  2. ^ Indian Princely States
  3. ^ ODISHA DISTRICT GAZETTEERS KALAHANDI (PDF), GAD, Govt of Odisha, 1988, p. 53
  4. ^ ODISHA DISTRICT GAZETTEERS KALAHANDI (PDF), GAD, Govt of Odisha, 1988, pp. 53–71
  5. ^ a b J. P Singh Deo, History and Culture of Kalahandi: Political Scenario of Kalahandi, Feb 2010, page: 41-43
  6. ^ "Kalahandi". Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  7. ^ Malleson, G. B. An historical sketch of the native states of India, London 1875, Reprint Delhi 1984
  8. ^ Uma Shankar Kar (September 2009), Goddesses Manikesvari and Lankesvari (PDF), Orissa Review
  9. ^ Biswajit Pradhan (2001), "The History of Naga Cult and Naga Festivals in Orissa", Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, Indian History Congress, 62: 149–159, JSTOR 44155757
  10. ^ Sadhna Sharma ed. States Politics in India, 1995, p. 273
  11. ^ Princely States of India

External links[edit]

20°04′59″N 83°12′00″E / 20.083°N 83.2°E / 20.083; 83.2